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Philodryas argentea (DAUDIN, 1803)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesStriped Sharpnose Snake 
SynonymColuber argenteus LINNAEUS 1758
Coluber argenteus DAUDIN 1803: 336
Oxybelis argenteus — DUMÉRIL 1853: 487
Oxybelis argenteus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 815
Oxybelis argenteus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 227
Oxybelis argenteus — GASC & RODRIGUES 1980
Oxybelis argenteus— DO NASCIMENTO et al. 1987
Oxybelis argenteus — HOOGMOED & AVILA-PIRES 1991: 85
Xenoxybelis argenteus — MACHADO 1993
Oxybelis argenteus — STARACE 1998: 293
Oxybelis argenteus — KORNACKER 1999: 118
Xenoxybelis argenteus — VIDAL et al. 2000
Oxybelis argenteus — LEHR 2002: 205
Xenoxybelis argenteus — CLAESSEN 2005
Philodryas argentea — ZAHER et al. 2009
Oxybelis argenteus — WHITHWORTH & BEIRNE 2011
Philodryas argenteus — HAMDAN et al. 2012
Philodryas argentea — GRAZZIOTIN et al. 2012
Philodryas argentea — WALLACH et al. 2014: 549 
DistributionColombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Brazil (Pará), Peru (Tambopata, Madre de Dios: [HR 31: 188]), Guyana, Bolivia, French Guiana

Type locality: unknown (fide KORNACKER 1999). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesType: BMNH 1946.1.9.86 (and possibly additional specimens). 
CommentSynonymy: Oxybelis boulengeri PROCTER 1923 has been removed from the synonymy of X. argenteus by KEISER 1989.

Habitat: semi-arboreal

Distribution: Not in Paraguay (fide Paul Smith, pers. comm., 27 Apr 2014). 
References
  • BERNARDE, P.S., ALBUQUERQUE, S., BARROS, T.O. & TURCI, L.C.B. 2012. Serpentes do Estado de Rondônia, Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 12(3): 1-29 - get paper here
  • CATENAZZI, A., LEHR, E. & VON MAY, R. 2013. The amphibians and reptiles of Manu National Park and its buffer zone, Amazon basin and eastern slopes of the Andes, Peru. Biota Neotrop. 13(4): 269-283
  • Claessen, Hugo 2005. De slangen van de Guyana's. Deel VIII. Lacerta 63 (4): 136-151 - get paper here
  • COSTA PRUDENTE, ANA LUCIA DA; MARCIO ANDRE AMORIM DA SILVA, WALDIMA ALVES DA ROCHA & FRANCISCO LUIS FRANCO 2008. Morphological variation in Xenoxybelis boulengeri (Procter, 1923) (Serpentes, Xenodontinae, Philodryadini). Zootaxa 1743: 53-61 - get paper here
  • Daudin, F. M. 1803. Histoire Naturelle Generale et Particuliere des Reptiles. Vol. 6. F. Dufart, Paris.
  • Dixon, James R. 1995. Software Review: Snake Identification. Herpetological Review 26 (4): 215-216 - get paper here
  • Duellman, W. E. 1978. The biology of an equatorial herpetofauna in Amazonian Ecuador. Misc. Publ. Univ. Kans. Mus. Nat. Hist. 65: 1-352 - get paper here
  • Duméril, ANDRÉ MARIE CONSTANT 1853. Prodrome de la classifcation des reptiles ophidiens. Mém. Acad. Sci., Paris, 23: 399-536 - get paper here
  • Fraga R de, Stow AJ, Magnusson WE, Lima AP 2014. The Costs of Evaluating Species Densities and Composition of Snakes to Assess Development Impacts in Amazonia. PLoS ONE 9(8): e105453. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0105453 - get paper here
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  • Gasc & Rodrigues 1980. Liste preliminaire des Serpents de la Guyane francaise. Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris 2 (4): 559-598
  • Grazziotin, Felipe G.; Hussam Zaher, Robert W. Murphy, Gustavo Scrocchi, Marco A. Benavides, Ya-Ping Zhang and Sandro L. Bonatto 2012. Molecular phylogeny of the New World Dipsadidae (Serpentes: Colubroidea): a reappraisal. Cladistics DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2012.00393.x - get paper here
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  • Keiser, E. D. Jr. 1989. Oxybelis boulengeri Procter, a valid species of vine snake from South America. Copeia 1989 (4): 764-768 - get paper here
  • Kornacker,P.M. 1999. Checklist and key to the snakes of Venezuela. PaKo-Verlag, Rheinbach, Germany, 270 pp.
  • Lancini,A.R. & Kornacker,P.M. 1989. Die Schlangen von Venezuela. Armitano Editores C.A., Caracas, 1-381
  • Lehr, E. 2002. Amphibien und Reptilien in Peru. Natur und Tier-Verlag (Münster), 208 pp. - get paper here
  • Machado, S.R. 1993. A new genus of Amazonian vine snake. Acta Biologica Leopoldensia 15 (2): 99-108
  • Morato, S.A.A.; Calixto, P.O.; Mendes, L.R.; Gomes, R.; Galatti, U.; Trein, F.L.; Oliveira, F.S.; Ferreira, G.N. 2014. Guia fotográfico de identificação da herpetofauna da Floresta Nacional de Saracá-Taquera, Estado do Pará. Curitiba: STCP Engenharia de Projetos Ltda.; Porto Trombetas: MRN – Mineração Rio do Norte S.A.; 213 p. - get paper here
  • Moravec J., Aparicio J. 2005. Notes on the herpetofauna of Bioceanica and Bolpebra (Provincia Nicolas Suaréz, Departamento Pando, Biolivia). Journal of the National Museum (Prague), Natural History Series 174 (1-4): 95-113
  • Nascimento F Paiva do; de Avila-Pires T C Sauer; da Cunha O Rodrigues 1987. Os repteis da area de Carajas, Para, Brasil (Squamata). 2. Boletim do Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi NOVA SERIE ZOOLOGIA 3(1) 1987: 33-65
  • Natera-Mumaw, Marco; Luis Felipe Esqueda-González & Manuel Castelaín-Fernández 2015. Atlas Serpientes de Venezuela Santiago de Chile, Dimacofi Negocios Avanzados S.A., 456 pp. - get paper here
  • Pérez-Santos,C. & Moreno, A.G. 1988. Ofidios de Colombia. Museo reegionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monographie VI, 517 pp.
  • Peters, James A.; Donoso-Barros, Roberto & Orejas-Miranda, Braulio 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part I Snakes. Part II Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 347 pp. - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
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  • Vidal, Nicolas; Shannon G. Kindl, Alan Wong, and S. Blair Hedges 2000. Phylogenetic Relationships of Xenodontine Snakes Inferred from 12S and 16S Ribosomal RNA Sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution14 (3): 389–402 - get paper here
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