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Philodryas chamissonis (WIEGMANN, 1835)

IUCN Red List - Philodryas chamissonis - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesChilean Green Racer 
SynonymCoronella Chamissonis WIEGMANN 1835: 246
Psammophis temminckii SCHLEGEL 1837: 218
Taeniophis tantillus GIRARD 1854: 227
Dromicus Temminckii — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 663
Dromicus chamissonis — STEINDACHNER 1867: 65
Dromicus chamissonis — BOULENGER 1894: 119
Liophis luctuosa PHILIPPI 1899: 723
Dromicus chamissonis — DONOSO-BARROS 1966: 415
? Philodryas chamissonis eremicola DONOSO-BARROS 1975: 218
Philodryas chamissona — TIPTON 2005 (in error)
Philodryas chamissonis — GRAZZIOTIN et al. 2012
Philodryas chamissonis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 550 
DistributionChile

Type locality: Tollo, Chile  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZMB, a 762 mm specimen (F.J.F. Meyen, 1830-1832), missing fide R. Günther in litt. 
Diagnosis 
CommentSyntype: ANSP 5578; Chili, neighborhood of Santiago [Taeniophis tantillus] 
EtymologyNamed after naturalist and poet Adelbert von Chamisso. 
References
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • Castro-Pastene, Carlos; Héctor Carrasco & Jaime Troncoso-Palacios. 2015. Lagartijas y serpientes del Parque Nacional Radal Siete Tazas. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología 2: 12-16 - get paper here
  • Demangel, Diego 2016. Reptiles en Chile. Fauna Nativa Ediciones, Santiago, 619 pp - get paper here
  • Demangel, Diego 2016. Guía de Campo - Reptiles del centro sure de Chile. Corporación Chilena de la Madera, Concepción, Chile 187 pp. - get paper here
  • Donoso-Barros, R. 1966. Reptiles de Chile. Santiago: Univ. Chile, 458 + cxlvi pp.
  • Donoso-Barros,R. 1975. Nuevos reptiles y anfibios de Chile. Bol. Soc. Biol. Concepcion 48 [1974]: 217-229
  • Duméril, A.M.C., and G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p. - get paper here
  • Girard, C. 1855. Abstract of a report to Lieut. James M. Gilliss, U.S.N., upon the reptiles collected during the U.S.N. Astronomical Expedition to Chili. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 7 [1854]: 226-227. - get paper here
  • Grazziotin, Felipe G.; Hussam Zaher, Robert W. Murphy, Gustavo Scrocchi, Marco A. Benavides, Ya-Ping Zhang and Sandro L. Bonatto 2012. Molecular phylogeny of the New World Dipsadidae (Serpentes: Colubroidea): a reappraisal. Cladistics DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2012.00393.x - get paper here
  • GREENE HW & FM JAKSIC 1992. The feeding behavior and natural history of two Chilean snakes, Philodryas chamissonis and Tachymenis chilensis (Colubridae). Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 65: 485-493.
  • Grehan, John 2001. Biogeography and evolution of the Galapagos: integration of the biological and geological evidence. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 74: 267–287 - get paper here
  • HABIT EM, JC ORTIZ & P VICTORIANO 1992. Osteología craneana de Philodryas chamissonis (Wiegmann, 1834) (Colubridae, Serpentes). Boletín de la Sociedad de Biología de Concepción (Chile) 63: 83-92
  • Hohmeister, A. 1999. Bemerkungen zur Biologie und Pflege südamerikanischer Strauchnattern der Gattung Philodryas Wagler, 1830 im Terrarium. Sauria 21 (2): 9-21 - get paper here
  • KUCH, U. 1999. Notes on two cases of human envenomation by the South American colubrid snakes Philodryas olfersi latirostris COPE, 1862 and Philodryas chamissonis (WIEGMANN, 1834). Herpetozoa 12 (1-2): 11-16 - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Philippi, R.A. 1899. Descripciones breves de dos especies nuevas de sapo (Bufo). Anales Universidad de Chile 104: 723-725
  • Reyes-Olivares, C., Sepulvedaluna, E. & Labra, A. 2017. Philodryas chamissonis (Chilean Green Racer) Diet. Herpetological Review 48 (4): 865-866
  • Schlegel, H. 1837. Essai sur la physionomie des serpens. Partie Descriptive. La Haye (J. Kips, J. HZ. et W. P. van Stockum), 606 S. + xvi - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl P. & Walker, Warren F. 1943. Peruvian snakes from the University of Arequipa. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Zoology 24 (26): 279-296 - get paper here
  • Steindachner, F. 1867. In: Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858,1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair (Zoologie), Vol. 1, part 3 (Reptilien p.1-98). K. Gerold's Sohn/Kaiserlich-Königl. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien [1869 on title page] - get paper here
  • Tipton, Bob L. 2005. Snakes of the Americas: Checklist and Lexicon. Krieger Publishing Company, Melbourne, Florida [review in Sauria 29 (1): 10]
  • Troncoso-Palacios, Jaime 2014. Nueva lista actualizada de los reptiles terrestres de la Región de Atacama, Chile. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología 1: 1-4 - get paper here
  • Urra FA, Pulgar R, Gutiérrez R, Hodar C, Cambiazo V, Labra A. 2015. Identification and molecular characterization of five putative toxins from the venom gland of the snake Philodryas chamissonis (Serpentes: Dipsadidae). Toxicon 108:19-31
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wiegmann, A. F. A. 1834. In: Dr. F. J. F. Meyen: Beiträge zur Zoologie gesammelt auf einer Reise um die Erde. Siebente Abhandlung. Amphibien. Nova Acta Physico-Medica Academia Caesarea Leopoldino-Carolina (Halle) 17: 185-268 [1835] - get paper here
  • ZAHER, HUSSAM; JUAN C. ARREDONDO, JORGE H. VALENCIA, ERNESTO ARBELÁEZ, MIGUEL T. RODRIGUES & MARCO ALTAMIRANO-BENAVIDES 2014. A new Andean species of Philodryas (Dipsadidae, Xenodontinae) from Ecuador. Zootaxa 3785 (3): 469–480 - get paper here
 
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