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Philothamnus angolensis BOCAGE, 1882

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesAngola Green Snake, Western Green Snake 
SynonymPhilothamnus angolensis BOCAGE 1882: 7
Ahaetulla emini GÜNTHER 1888
Ahaetulla shirana — GÜNTHER 1888
Philothamnus güntheri PFEFFER 1893: 85
Chlorophis emini — BOULENGER 1894: 92
Chlorophis angolensis — BOULENGER 1894: 95
Chlorophis emini — GÜNTHER 1895
Chlorophis shirana — GÜNTHER 1895
Chlorophis emini — WITTE 1933
Philothamnus angolensis — AUERBACH 1987: 182
Philothamnus angolensis — BROADLEY 1998
Philothamnus angolensis — CHIRIO & INEICH 2006
Philothamnus angolensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 553
Philothamnus angolensis — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 484 
DistributionNamibia, N Botswana, Zimbabwe, S Mozambique, Okavango Swamp, Caprivi Strip, Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire; except in the north), Congo (Brazzaville), Cameroon, Central African Republic, Sudan, South Sudan, Tanzania, Zambia.

Type locality: Capangombe, Angola.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesType: BMNH 1946.1.6.64 (and possibly additional specimens). 
Diagnosis 
CommentHas been confused (and synonymized) with P. irregularis. See LOVERIDGE 1958 for details.

Distribution: Not in Gabon fide PAUWELS & VANDE WEGHE 2008. 
EtymologyNamed after its distribution in Angola. 
References
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  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Bocage, J.V.B. de 1882. Notice sur les espèces du genre "Philothamnus" qui se trouvent au Muséum de Lisbonne. Jorn. Sc. Lisb. 9 (33): 1-20
  • Böhme W; Schneider B 1987. Zur Herpetofaunistik Kameruns (3) mit Beschreibung einer neuen Cardioglossa (Anura: Arthroleptidae). Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 38 (3): 241-263 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Broadley, D. & Blaylock 2013. The Snakes of Zimbabwe and Botswana. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 387 pp. [book review in Sauria 35 (2): 59 and Copeia 2014: 388] - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1991. The Herpetofauna of Northern Mwinilunga Distr., Northw. Zambia. Arnoldia Zimbabwe 9 (37): 519-538
  • Broadley, D.G. 1998. The reptilian fauna of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa). In: Schmidt, K.P. and Noble, G.K., Contributions to the Herpetology of the Belgian Congo... [reprint of the 1919 and 1923 papers]. SSAR Facsimile reprints in Herpetology, 780 pp.
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  • Conradie, Werner; Gabriela B. Bittencourt-Silva, Hanlie M. Engelbrecht, Simon P. Loader, Michele Menegon, Cristóvão Nanvonamuquitxo, Michael Scott, Krystal A. Tolley, 2016. Exploration into the hidden world of Mozambique’s sky island forests: new discoveries of reptiles and amphibians. Zoosyst. Evol. 92 (2): 163–180, DOI 10.3897/zse.92.9948 - get paper here
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  • Günther,A. 1888. Contribution to the knowledge of snakes of tropical Africa. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 1: 322-335 - get paper here
  • Haagner, G.V. 1995. Life History Notes - Philothamnus angolensis. African Herp News (22): 49-49
  • Haagner,G.V.; Branch,W.R. & Haagner,A.J.F. 2000. Notes on a collection of reptiles from Zambia and adjacent areas of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Annals of the Eastern Cape Museum 1: 1 – 25
  • Herrmann, H.-W.; W.R. Branch 2013. Fifty years of herpetological research in the Namib Desert and Namibia with an updated and annotated species checklist. Journal of Arid Environments 93: 94–115 - get paper here
  • Herrmann, Hans-Werner; Schmitz, Andreas; Herrmann, Patricia A. & Böhme, Wolfgang 2007. Amphibians and reptiles of the Tchabal Mbabo mountains, Adamaoua plateau, Cameroon. Bonner zoologische Beiträge 55 (1/2): 27-35 - get paper here
  • Hughes, B. 1983. African snake faunas. Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 34: 311-356 - get paper here
  • Hughes, B. 1985. Progress on a taxonomic revision of African green tree snakes (Philothamnus spp.). In: Schuchmann, K.L. (ed.) Proceedings of the International Symposium on African Vertebrates. ZFMK, Bonn, pp. 511-530
  • Jesus, J.; Nagy, Z.; Branch, W.; Wink, M.; Brehm, A. & Harris, D. J. 2009. Phylogenetic relationships of African green snakes (genera Philothamnus and Hapsidophrys) from São Tomé, Príncipe and Annobon islands based on mtDNA sequences and comments on their colonization and taxonomy. The Herpetological Journal 19: 41-48 - get paper here
  • Joger, U. 1982. Zur Herpetofaunistik Kameruns (II). Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 33 (2-4): 313-319 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, Arthur 1929. East African reptiles and amphibians in the United States National Museum. Bull. US Natl. Mus. (151): 1-135 - get paper here
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  • Pfeffer, G. 1893. Ostafrikanische Reptilien und Amphibien, gesammelt von Herrn Dr. F. Stuhlmann im Jahre 1888 und 1889. Jb. Hamb. Wiss. Anst. 10: 71-105.
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  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
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