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Phoboscincus garnieri (BAVAY, 1869)

IUCN Red List - Phoboscincus garnieri - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae (Eugongylini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Garnier's Skinks 
SynonymGongylus (Eumeces) garnieri BAVAY 1869: 15
Riopa (Eugongylus) garnieri — SMITH 1937: 229
Phoboscincus garnieri — GREER 1974
Eugongylus garnieri — BÖHME 1976
Phoboscincus garnieri — SADLIER 1987: 10
Phoboscincus garnieri — ADLER, AUSTIN & DUDLEY 1995
Phoboscincus garnieri — BAUER & SADLIER 2000
Phoboscincus garnieri — INEICH 2014 
DistributionNew Caledonia, Loyalty Islands

Type locality: “l’ile Ouen (sud de la Nouvelle Calédonie), au bord de la mer”. Neotype locality: New Caledonia  
TypesNeotype: BMNH, purchased by H. Cuming; designated by Sadlier (1987). Holotype not in MNHN, but listed by Brygoo 1985. 
CommentUncommon and restricted to a few localities.

Behavior: Appears to be extremely secretive.

Type species: Eumeces garnieri Bavay 1869 is the type species of the genus Monophorus COPE 1892, a nomen oblitum and a synonym of Phoboscincus, fide Shea 2021. 
EtymologyNamed after Jules (or "Jacques") Gamier (1839-1904), a mining engineer, geologist, and explorer who discovered nickel ore in New Caledonia (1864). 
  • Adler,G.H.; Austin,C.C. & Dudley,R. 1995. Dispersal and speciation of skinks among archipelagos in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Evolutionary Ecology 9: 529-541 - get paper here
  • Bauer, A. M. & SADLIER, R. A. 2000. The herpetofauna of New Caledonia. Contributions to Herpetology, 17; Society for Study Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca, New York.
  • Bauer, A.M. & Sadlier,R.A. 1993. Systematics, biogeography and conservation of the lizards of New Caledonia. Biodiv. Lett. 1: 107-122 - get paper here
  • Bavay,A. 1869. Catalogue des Reptiles de las Nouvelle - Caledonie et description d'especes nouvelles. Memoires Societe Linniene de Normandie 15: 1-37
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Böhme,W. 1976. Über die Gattung Eugongylus Fitzinger, mit Beschreibung einer neuen Art (Reptilia: Scincidae). Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 27: 245-251 - get paper here
  • Brygoo, E.R. 1985. Les types des scincidés (Reptiles, Sauriens) du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, catalogue critique. Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. (4e sér.) 7 (sect. A 3), suppl.: 1-126
  • Cope, E.D. 1892. On degenerate types of scapular and pelvic arches in the Lacertilia. Journal of Morphology 7: 223–242 - get paper here
  • de Vosjoli, Philippe 1995. Notes from a herpetological field trip to New Caledonia, part one: Account from the daily journals of Philippe de Vosjoli and Frank Fast. Vivarium 6 (5): 4-7;12-17;36-38;40-43
  • Greer, A.E. 1974. The generic relationships of the scincid lizard genus Leiolopisma and its relatives. Australian Journal of Zoology 31: 1-67. - get paper here
  • Ineich I 2009. Bocourt’s Terrific Skink, Phoboscincus bocourti Brocchi, 1876 (Squamata, Scincidae, Lygosominae), in GraNdCoLaS P. (ed.), Zoologia Neocaledonica 7. Biodiversity studies in New Caledonia. Mémoires du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle 198: 149-174. Paris, ISBN: <br />978-2-85653-618-6.
  • LANGNER, C. & P. SOUND 2016. First data on the dietary spectrum and activity of the New Caledonian Giant Skink, Phoboscincus garnieri (Bavay, 1869). Sauria 38 (3): 57 - 59 - get paper here
  • Sadlier R A 1987. A review of the scincid lizards of New Caledonia. Rec. Austral. Mus. 39(1) 1987: 1-66 [1986] - get paper here
  • Sadlier R A. Bauer A M. 1997. The terrestrial herpetofauna of the Loyalty Islands. Pacific Science 51 (1): 76-90.
  • SHEA, GLENN M. 2021. The identity of twelve scincid generic names proposed by Cope in 1892 (Squamata: Scincidae). Zootaxa 5057 (4): 577–589 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
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