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Phoenicolacerta troodica (WERNER, 1936)

IUCN Red List - Phoenicolacerta troodica - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Lacertinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Troodos Rock Lizard 
SynonymLacerta laevis troodica WERNER 1936
Lacerta laevis troodica — BUDAK & GÖCMEN 1995
Phoenicolacerta troodica — ARNOLD et al. 2007
Phoenicolacerta troodica — BAIER et al. 2009
Lacerta (Phoenicolacerta) troodica — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Phoenicolacerta troodica — TAMAR et al. 2015 

Type locality: Platraes, Cypern;  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesSyntypes: NMW 16015:1-5 
CommentMany authors have not distinguished between L. kulzeri and L. laevis.

The Turkish populations of P. laevis are paraphyletic and are more closely related to P. troodica and P. cyanisparsa based on genetic data. They may need to be split off as a separate species (Tamar et al. 2015). 
  • Baier, F.; Sparrow, D.J. & Wiedl, H.J. 2009. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Cyprus. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt/M., ca. 370 pp.
  • Bird, C. G. 1936. The distribution of reptiles and amphibians in Asiatic Turkey with notes on a collection from the Vilayets of Adana, Gaziantep and Malatya. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (10) 18: 257-281. - get paper here
  • Bischoff, W. 2005. Die echten Eidechsen der Familie Lacertidae - eine Übersicht. Draco 5 (21): 4-27 - get paper here
  • Bischoff, W. 2007. Auf der Suche nach Gebirgseidechsen in drei Erdteilen. Draco 7 (27): 54-73 - get paper here
  • Bosch, H A J in den 2002. Informal synonymy of the Lacerta kulzeri group (Lacertidae, Reptilia). Podarcis 3 (1): 2-16 - get paper here
  • Bosch, HA in den; Odierna G, Aprea G, Barucca M, Canapa A, Capriglione T, Olmo E. 2003. Karyological and genetic variation in Middle Eastern lacertid lizards, Lacerta laevis and the Lacerta kulzeri complex: a case of chromosomal allopatric speciation. Chromosome Res. 2003;11(2):165-78
  • Budak,Abidin & Göcmen, Bayram. 1995. Kuzey Kibris Lacerta laevis Gray, 1838 (Sauria: Lacertidae) Örnekleri Hakkinda . Tr. J. of Zoology 19: 1-15 - get paper here
  • Edelman, Martin; Frank, Ronald 2005. Herpetologische en andere interessante waarnemingen in Turkije. Lacerta 63 (4): 166-172 - get paper here
  • Esterbauer, H. 1985. Zur Herpetofauna Südwestsyriens. Herpetofauna 7 (38): 23-34 - get paper here
  • Franzen, Michael; Michael Bußmann, Thomas Kordges & Burkhard Thiesmeier 2008. Die Amphibien und Reptilien der Südwest-Türkei. Zeitschrift für Feldherpetologie (Suppl. 14): 328 pp. - get paper here
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Gray, J. E. 1838. Catalogue of the slender-tongued saurians, with descriptions of many new genera and species. Part 1. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 1: 274-283 - get paper here
  • Hoofien, J. H. 1995. On three changes in the checklist of the lizards of Israel. Hardun 1995 (6): 9-12; 83-82
  • Hraoui-Bloquet, S.; Sadek, R.A.; Sindaco, R. & Venchi, A. 2002. The herpetofauna of Lebanon: new data on distribution. Zoology in the Middle East 27: 35-46 - get paper here
  • Schmidtler, J. F. & W. BISCHOFF 1999. Revision des levantinischen Lacerta laevis/kulzeri-Komplexes: 1. Die Felseneidechse Lacerta cyanisparsa sp.n. Salamandra 35 (3): 129-146 - get paper here
  • Schneider, R. 2020. Fünffingerberg, Wirtelschwanzagamen und Meeresschildkröten - ein Streifzug durch die Herpetofauna von Nordzypern. Elaphe 2020 (4): 54-61
  • Seligmann, H. 2000. Evolution and ecology of developmental processes and of the resulting morphology: directional asymmetry in hindlimbs of Agamidae and Lacertidae (Reptilia: Lacertilia). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 69: 461–481 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Alberto Venchi, Giuseppe M. Carpaneto, Marco A. Bologna 2000. The Reptiles of Anatolia: a Checklist and Zoogeographical analysis. Biogeographia, 21-2000: 441-554. - get paper here
  • Tosunoglu, Murat; Bayram Göçmen, Ertan Taskavak and Abidin Budak 1999. A serological comparison of the populations of the Lacerta laevis complex in northern Cyprus and southern Turkey. Zoology of the Middle East 19: 117-122 - get paper here
  • Tosunoglu, Murat; Bayram Göçmen, Mehmet K. Atatür and I. Ethem Çevik 2001. Morphological and serological investigations on Lacerta laevis Gray, 1838 (Sauria: Lacertidae) populations from Anatolia. Zoology of the Middle East 23: 55-60 - get paper here
  • Troidl, Siegfried and Angelika Troidl 2008. Erster Nachweis der Syrischen Eidechse, Phoenicolacerta laevis, bei Side und Manavgat. Die Eidechse 19 (1): 14-18 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1936. Reptiles from Mount Troodos, Cyprus. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1936: 655-658 - get paper here
  • ZAWADZKI, M. 2000. Haltung und Zucht von Lacerta laevis troodica WERNER, 1936. Die Eidechse 11 (2): 55-62 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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