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Pholidobolus anomalus MÜLLER, 1923

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Cercosaurinae), Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesStrange Pholiodobolus 
SynonymPholidobolus anomalus MÜLLER 1923
Pholidobolus anomalus — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 220 
DistributionPeru (Cuzco)

Type locality: Cuzco, Peru.  
TypesHolotype: lost, was ZSM 29/1918 (lost fide Franzen & Glaw 2007), male 
CommentStatus unclear. Pholidobolus anomalus does not belong to Pholidobolus according to Montanucci (1973) and TORRES-CARVAJAL et al. 2014. The former mentions a forthcoming paper by T.H. Fritts about the proper allocation of anomalus to another genus, which, however, is not explicitely given. Not included by TORRES-CARVAJAL & MAFLA-ENDARA 2013 but probably due to the lack of samples. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet hillisi is a noun in the genitive case and is a patronym for David M. Hillis, who has had a great impact in the development of the field of molecular systematics (e.g., Hillis et al. 1996). In particular, he published a classic paper on evolutionary genetics of Pholidobolus lizards, where he compared some phylogenetic tree reconstruction techniques and emphasized the importance of phylogenetics in biogeography (Hillis 1985). 
  • Hurtado-Gómez, Juan P.; Juan C. Arredondo, Pedro M. Sales Nunes and Juan M. Daza 2018. A New Species of Pholidobolus (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) from the Paramo Ecosystem in the Northern Andes of Colombia. South American Journal of Herpetology 13 (3): 271–286 - get paper here
  • Montanucci, R.R. 1973. Systematics and Evolution of the Andean Lizard Genus Pholidobolus (Sauria: Teiidae). Misc. Publ. Univ. Kans. Mus. Nat. Hist. 59: 1-52 - get paper here
  • Müller, L. 1923. Neue oder seltene Reptilien und Batrachier der Zoologischen Sammlung des bayr. Staates. Zool. Anz. 57 (3-4): 49-61 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A. & Donoso-Barros, Roberto 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part II. Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 293 pp. - get paper here
  • Reeder, T. W. 1996. A new species of Pholidobolus (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) from the Huancabamba depression of northern Peru. Herpetologica 52 (2): 282-289. - get paper here
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