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Pholidoscelis lineolatus (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1839)

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesPholidoscelis lineolatus lineolatus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839
Pholidoscelis lineolatus beatensis NOBLE 1923
Pholidoscelis lineolatus meracula SCHWARTZ 1966
Pholidoscelis lineolatus perplicata SCHWARTZ 1966
Pholidoscelis lineolatus privigna SCHWARTZ 1966
Pholidoscelis lineolatus semota SCHWARTZ 1966 
Common NamesPygmy Blue-tailed Groundlizard, Pigmy blue-tailed ameiva, Dwarf Teiid 
SynonymAmeiva lineolata DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 119
Ameiva lineolata — COPE 1862: 64
Ameiva lineolata — BOULENGER 1885: 349
Ameiva lineolata — MERTENS 1938
Ameiva lineolata — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 195
Ameiva lineolata — HOWER & HEDGES 2003
Ameiva lineolata — HARVEY et al. 2012
Pholidoscelis lineolata — GOICOECHEA et al. 2016
Pholidoscelis lineolatus — TUCKER et al. 2016 
DistributionHispaniola, Isla Beata, Isla Cabras, Isla Catalina, Isla Cabritos

Ameiva lineolata lineolata: Hispaniola, northwestern Haiti south to the type-locality, east across Plaine de Cul de Sac-Valle de Neiba into Llanos de Azua, República Dominicana; Valle de San Juan; vicinity of Mirebalais, Haiti; Isla Cabritos in Lago Enriquillo; lle à Cabrit. Type locality: St.-Domingue; restricted by Schwartz, 1966b, to the Plaine de Cul de Sac in the vicinity of Port-au-Prince, Département de l'Ouest, Haiti.

beatensis: Isla Beata.

meracula: Valle de Cibao in northwestern República Dominicana; Isla Cabras.

perplicata: Haiti, Presqu'ile du Nord-Guest.

privigna: southeastern Haiti, east across Peninsula de Barahona.

semota: Isla Catalina.  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 2644
Holotype: AMNH 24328 [beatensis]
Holotype: AMNH 39486 [meracula]
Holotype: MCZ 63344 [perplicata]
Holotype: MCZ 77223 [privigna]
Holotype: MCZ 77222 [semota] 
CommentIllustrations: Hassler, 1930; Cochran, 1941; Schwartz, 1966.

Subspecies: HARVEY et al. 2012 do not list any subspecies of this species. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Cochran, D.M. 1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 177: vii + 398 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1862. Synopsis of the species of Holcosus and Ameiva, with diagnoses of new West Indian and South American Colubridae. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 14: 60-82. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol. 5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Goicoechea, N., Frost, D. R., De la Riva, I., Pellegrino, K. C. M., Sites, J., Rodrigues, M. T. and Padial, J. M. 2016. Molecular systematics of teioid lizards (Teioidea/Gymnophthalmoidea: Squamata) based on the analysis of 48 loci under tree-alignment and similarity-alignment. Cladistics, doi: 10.1111/cla.12150 - get paper here
  • Hartley, Laurel M., Robert Powell and John S. Parmerlee 1998. Ameiva lineolata. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (654): 1-4. - get paper here
  • Hassler, W.G. 1930. Digging for lizard nests. Nat. Hist. 30:409-20.
  • Hower, Lindsey M., and S. Blair Hedges 2003. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of West Indian Teiid lizards of the genus Ameiva. Carib. J. Sci. 39 (3):298-306. - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1938. Amphibien und Reptilien aus Santo Domingo, gesammelt von Prof. Dr. H. Böker. Senckenbergiana 20 (5): 332-342
  • Mertens, R. 1939. Herpetologische Ergebnisse einer Reise nach der Insel Hispaniola, Westindien. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) 449: 1-84.
  • Noble, G. K. 1923. Four new lizards from Beata Island, Dominican Republic. American Museum Novitates 64:1-5. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. 1966. The Ameiva (Reptilia: Teiidae) of Hispaniola. I. Ameiva lineolata Duméril and Bibron. Carib. J. Sci. 5 (1 & 2):45-57.
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Tucker, Derek B.; Guarino R. Colli, Lilian G. Giugliano, S. Blair Hedges, Catriona R. Hendry, Emily Moriarty Lemmon, Alan R. Lemmon, Jack W. Sites Jr., R. Alexander Pyron 2016. Methodological congruence in phylogenomic analyses with morphological support for teiid lizards (Sauria: Teiidae) Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 103: 75-84 - get paper here
  • Tucker, Derek B.; | Stephen Blair Hedges | Guarino R. Colli | Robert Alexander Pyron | Jack W. Sites Jr 2017. Genomic timetree and historical biogeography of Caribbean island ameiva lizards (Pholidoscelis: Teiidae) Ecology and Evolution 7:7080–7090.
  • Valencia, J. H., K. Garzón-Tello & M. E. Barragán-Paladines 2016. Serpientes venenosas del Ecuador: sistemática, taxonomía, historia natural, conservación, envenenamiento y aspectos antropológicos. Quito, Ecuador, Fundación Herpetológica Gustavo Orcés, Universidad de Texas, Fondo Ambiental Nacional, 652 pp. [review in HR 49 (1): 152, 2018]
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