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Phrynocephalus maculatus ANDERSON, 1872

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Agaminae), Sauria (lizards) 
SubspeciesPhrynocephalus maculatus longicaudatus HAAS 1957: 67
Phrynocephalus maculatus maculatus ANDERSON 1872 
Common NamesE: Blacktail Toadhead Agama
G: Gefleckte Krötenkopfagame 
SynonymPhrynocephalus maculatus ANDERSON 1872: 389
Phrynocephalus maculatus — BOULENGER 1885: 377
Phrynocephalus maculatus — BOULENGER 1920
Phrynocephalus maculatus — SMITH 1935: 233
Phrynocephalus maculatus — WERMUTH 1967: 83
Phrynocephalus maculatus — KHAN 1999

Phrynocephalus maculatus maculatus ANDERSON 1872
Phrynocephalus spiniventris NIKOLSKY 1896: 370
Phrynocephalus maculatus spiniventris — NIKOLSKY 1915: 221
Phrynocephalus maculatus maculatus — WERMUTH 1967: 83
Phrynocephalus maculatus maculatus — NILSON & ANDREN 1981: 136
Phrynocephalus maculatus maculatus — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008

Phrynocephalus maculatus longicaudatus HAAS 1957: 67
Phrynocephalus maculatus longicaudatus — BARABANOV & ANANJEVA 2007
Phrynocephalus maculatus longicaudatus — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008 
DistributionIran (incl. Kavir desert), Turkmenistan, Syria, Jordan, Iraq, Pakistan,
Afghanistan, Pakistan, N Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates (UAE), Kuwait

longicaudatus: N Arabia (along the coast). Type locality: Doha Dhalum, Saudi Arabia.

maculatus: Iran etc.; Type locality: Awada, Shiraz, Persia, corrected to Abadeh [31º10' N, 52º37' E; Fars Province, Iran] Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype, ZSI 4825 
CommentSynonymy partly after WERMUTH 1967.

Holotype: CAS 84449 [longicaudatus] 
References
  • Ananjeva, Natalia B.;Tuniyev, Boris S. 1992. Historical biogeography of the Phrynocephalus species of the USSR Asiatic Herpetological Research 4: 76-98 - get paper here
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144]
  • Anderson,J. 1872. On some Persian, Himalayan, and other Reptiles. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1872: 371-404 - get paper here
  • Arnold E N 1980. The scientific results of the Oman flora and fauna survey 1977 (Dhofar). The reptiles and amphibians of Dhofar, southern Arabia. JOURNAL OF OMAN STUDIES SPECIAL REPORT (No. 2) 1980: 273-332
  • Baker, Mohammad Abu, Pavel Siroky, Zuhair Amr and David Modry 2005. Discovery of a population of Phrynocephalus maculatus Anderson, 1872 in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Herpetozoa 18 (3/4): 107-113 - get paper here
  • BARABANOV, A.V. & N.B. ANANJEVA 2007. Catalogue of the available scientific species-group names for lizards of the genus Phrynocephalus Kaup, 1825 (Reptilia, Sauria, Agamidae). Zootaxa 1399: 1-56 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Forcart,Lothar 1950. Amphibien und Reptilien von Iran. Verh. naturf. Ges. Basel 61: 141-156
  • Haas, Georg 1957. Some amphibians and reptiles from Arabia. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 29 (3): 47-86 - get paper here
  • Jongbloed, M. 2000. Field Guide to the reptiles and amphibians of the UAE - Wild about reptiles. Barkers Trident Communications, 116 pp.
  • Khan, M. S. 1999. A checklist and key to the phrynocephalid lizards of Pakistan, with ethnological notes (Squamata: Agamidae). Pakistan J. Zool. 31 (1): 17-24 - get paper here
  • Leviton,A.E.; Anderson,S.C.; Adler, K.; Minton,S.A. 1992. Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. SSAR, Oxford, Ohio (Contr. to Herpetol. No. 8), 1-252
  • Nikolsky, A. M. 1896. Diagnoses reptilium et amphibiorum novorum in Persia orientali a N. Zarudny collectorum. Annuaire Musée Zoologique de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Pétersbourg, 1:369-372.
  • Nikolsky, A. M. 1897. Les reptiles, amphibiens et poissons recueillis (part.) Mr. N. Zaroudny dans la Perse orientale [in Russian]. Annuaire Musée Zoologique de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Pétersbourg 2: 306-348
  • Nikolsky, A. M. 1915. Fauna Rossii sopredel. Stran, Rept. Vol. 1 [Reptiles of Russia and adjacent countries. Reptiles (Reptilia). Vol. 1. Chelonia and Sauria; in Russian]. Imper. Acad. Sci., Petrograd, 532 pp. [Translated from Russian by the Israel Program for Scientific Translations 1963]
  • Nilson,G. & Andren,C. 1981. Die Herpetofauna des Kavir-Schutzgebietes, Kavir-Wüste, Iran. Salamandra 17 (3/4): 130-146
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT A 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics4 (1): 7-30
  • SCHOLZ, S. & SIEGENTHALER, F. & RADSPIELER, C. & WILMS, TH. M. 2012. A new locality record of Phrynocephalus maculatus ANDERSON, 1872, from Jordan [Short Note] Herpetozoa 25 (3/4): 174-179 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp.
  • Smith,M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
  • van der Kooij, Jeroen 2001. The herpetofauna of the Sultanate of Oman: Part 5: Checklist of the reptiles and amphibians of Oman, and bibliography. Podarcis 2 (3): 93-102
 
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