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Phrynosoma cornutum (HARLAN, 1824)

IUCN Red List - Phrynosoma cornutum - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Phrynosomatinae, Phrynosomatini; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Texas Horned Lizard
G: Texas-Krötenechse 
SynonymAgama cornuta HARLAN 1825: 299
Lacerta cornuta — CUVIER 1819: 37 (fide GENTRY 1885)
Tapaya cornuta — CUVIER 1829: 37
Phrynosoma cornutum — GRAY in GRIFFITH 1831: 9
Phrynosoma bufonium WIEGMANN 1828: 367
Phrynosoma harlanii WIEGMANN 1834: 54
Phrynosoma Harlanii — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 314
Tropidogaster cornutus — FITZINGER 1843: 79 (fide GENTRY 1885)
Phrynosoma Harlani — NEILL 1846: 99
Phrynosoma planiceps HALLOWELL 1852: 178
Phrynosoma cornutum planiceps — BOULENGER 1885: 246
Phrynosoma cornutum — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 99
Phrynosoma cornutum — STEBBINS 1985: 139
Phrynosoma cornutum — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 112
Phrynosoma cornutum — LINER 1994
Phrynosoma cornutum — LINER 2007 
DistributionUSA (SE Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, SE Arizona, Texas, NW Louisiana, Oklahoma, North Carolina, introduced to Florida),
Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, Aguascalientes, San Luis Potosí, Sonora, Tamaulipas),
Canada (British Columbia [fide BOULENGER 1887])

Type locality: Great Plains east of the Rocky Mountains. Restricted to Fort Riley, Geary County, Kansas. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: unknown fide SMITH & TAYLOR 1950
Holotype: ANSP 8641 [planiceps] 
CommentSynonymy after SMITH & TAYLOR 1950.

Hybridization: Healthy P. coronatum and P. cornutum hybrids have been obtained by BAUR (1983).

Size: 12-13 cm SVL

Reproduction: oviparous. 
References
  • Barber, Diane M. 2013. Phrynosoma cornutum (Texas horned lizard) predation. Herpetological Review 44 (2): 326
  • Bartlett, R. D. & Bartlett, P. 1999. A Field Guide to Texas Reptiles and Amphibians. Gulf Publishing Co., Houston, Texas, 331 pp.
  • Baur, B. 1983. Krötenechsen-Bastarde (Phrynosoma) (Sauria: Iguanidae). Salamandra 20 (2/3): 70-87
  • Bogosian, Victor; Eric C. Hellgren, and Raymond W. Moody 2012. Assemblages of Amphibians, Reptiles, and Mammals on an Urban Military Base in Oklahoma. Southwestern Naturalist 57 (3): 277-284. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1887. On the affinity of the north-American lizard fauna. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 20: 345-346 - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E. 1935. Further records of the ecology and distribution of amphibians and reptiles in the middle west. American Midland Naturalist 16 (3): 311-336 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
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  • Neill,Patrick 1846. Notes on Phrynosoma Harlani, Wieg. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (1) 17: 99-100 - get paper here
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