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Phrynosoma ditmarsi STEJNEGER, 1906

IUCN Red List - Phrynosoma ditmarsi - Data Deficient, DD

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Phrynosoma ditmarsi »

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Phrynosomatinae, Phrynosomatini; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesRock Horned Lizard 
SynonymPhrynosoma ditmarsi STEJNEGER 1906
Phrynosoma ditmarsi — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 104
Phrynosoma ditmarsi — LINER 1994
Phrynosoma ditmarsi — PIANKA & VITT 2003: 161 
DistributionMexico (Sonora)

Type locality: State of Sonora, not far from the boundary of Arizona. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: USNM 36022 
CommentHabitat: montane

Group: Belongs to the Tapaja clade fide LEACHE & MCGUIRE 2006.

Diet: With 11% of its diet being ants this species seems to be the least dependent and specialized on ants (Fabian 2014). 
References
  • Baur, B. 1986. Die Felsen-Krötenechse. Herpetofauna 8 (40): 27 - get paper here
  • Burkhardt, Timothy R. and Scott Trageser. 2015. Geographic Distribution: Phrynosoma ditmarsi (rock horned lizard). Herpetological Review 46 (1): 60
  • Enderson, Erik F.; Thomas R. Van Devender, Robert L. Bezy 2014. Amphibians and reptiles of Yécora, Sonora and the Madrean Tropical Zone of the Sierra Madre Occidental in northwestern Mexico. Check List 10 (4): 913-926 - get paper here
  • Fabian, B. F 2014. Überlegungen zur Ernährung von Krötenechsen. Reptilia (Münster) 19 (107): 24-29
  • Hodges W L. 1995. Phrynosoma ditmarsi. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (614): 1-3. - get paper here
  • Jones, L.L. & Lovich, R.E. 2009. Lizards of the American Southwest. A photographic field guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers, Tucson, AZ, 568 pp. [review in Reptilia 86: 84] - get paper here
  • Leaché, Adam D. and Jimmy A. McGuire 2006. Phylogenetic relationships of horned lizards (Phrynosoma ) based on nuclear and mitochondrial data: Evidence for a misleading mitochondrial gene tree. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 39 (3): 628-644 - get paper here
  • Lowe, Charles H., Jr;Robinson, Michael D.;Roth, Vincent D. 1971. A population of Phrynosoma ditmarsi from Sonora, Mexico. Journal of the Arizona Academy of Science 6 (4): 275-277 - get paper here
  • Meyers, J.J.; Herrel, A. & Nishikawa, K. 2006. Morphological correlates of ant eating in horned lizards (Phrynosoma). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 89: 13–24 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E.R. & Vitt, L.J. 2003. Lizards - Windows to the Evolution of Diversity. University of California Press, Berkeley, 347 pp. [review in Copeia 2004: 955] - get paper here
  • Reeder,T.W. & Montanucci,R.R. 2001. Phylogenetic analysis of the horned lizards (Phrynomomatidae: Phrynosoma): evidence from mitochondrial DNA and morphology. Copeia 2001 (2): 309-323 - get paper here
  • Roth, V.D. 1997. Ditmars' Horned Lizard (Phrynosoma ditmarsi) or the case of the lost lizard. Sonoran Herpetologist 10 (1):2-6. - get paper here
  • Sherbrooke, Wade C. 2003. Introduction to Horned Lizards of North America. University of California Press, Berkeley, 178 pp.
  • Sherbrooke, Wade C.;Martin, Brent E.;Lowe, Charles H. 1998. Geographic Distribution. Phrynosoma ditmarsi. Herpetological Review 29 (2): 110-111 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, Leonhard 1906. A new lizard of the genus Phrynosoma, from Mexico. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 29 (1437): 565-567 - get paper here
 
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