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Phrynosoma hernandesi GIRARD, 1858

IUCN Red List - Phrynosoma hernandesi - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Phrynosomatinae, Phrynosomatini; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesPhrynosoma hernandesi hernandesi GIRARD 1858
Phrynosoma hernandesi ornatum GIRARD 1858 
Common NamesE: Mountain Short-horned Lizard; ornatum: Salt Lake Valley Short-horned Lizard
G: Berg-Kurzhornkrötenechse; ornatum: Salt Lake Valley Kurzhornkrötenechse 
SynonymPhrynosoma (Tapaya) hernandesi GIRARD 1858: 395
Phrynosoma hernandezi — GIRARD 1858
Tapaya ornatissima GIRARD 1858: 396
Phrynosoma douglasii ornatum GIRARD 1858: 397
Phrynosoma douglasii hernandesi — VAN DENBURGH 1922
Phrynosoma douglasii hernandesi — BURT 1935
Phrynosoma orbiculare hernandesi — KLAUBER 1939: 91
Phrynosoma hernandesi — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 100
Phrynosoma douglassi hernandesi — VAN DEVENDER & LOWE 1977
Phrynosoma douglasii hernandesi — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 114
Phrynosoma douglasii hernandesi — LINER 1994
Phrynosoma hernandesi — ZAMUDIO et al. 1997
Phrynosoma hernandesi — SMITH et al. 1999
Phrynosoma hernandesi — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Phrynosoma (Tapaja) hernandesi — CROTHER et al. 2012

Phrynosoma hernandesi hernandesi GIRARD 1858
Phrynosoma (Tapaya) hernandesi GIRARD 1858: 395
Phrynosoma (Tapaya) ornatissima GIRARD 1858: 396 (part)
Phrynosoma douglassi — GENTRY 1885: 140 (part)
Phrynosoma douglassii hernandesi — COPE 1900: 413
Phrynosoma douglassii ornatissimum — COPE 1900: 415 (part)
Phrynosoma douglassii ornatissimum — VAN DENBURGH 1922: 377 (part)Phrynosoma douglassii hernandesi — VAN DENBURGH 1922: 382
Phrynosoma douglassii hernandesi — SMITH 1946: 304
Phrynosoma douglassii ornatissimum — SMITH 1946: 305 (part)
Phrynosoma douglassii hernandesi — REEVE 1952: 922
Phrynosoma douglassii ornatissimum — REEVE 1952: 927 (part)
Phrynosoma hernandezi — ZAMUDIO et al. 1997: 302
Phrynosoma hernandesi hernandesi — MONTANUCCI 2015: 51

Phrynosoma hernandesi ornatum GIRARD 1858
Phrynosoma ornatum GIRARD 1858: pl. 21
Phrynosoma douglassi — GENTRY 1885:140 (part)
Phrynosoma douglassii hernandesi — COPE 1900:413 (part)
Phrynosoma douglassii hernandesi — RICHARDSON 1915:423 (part)
Phrynosoma douglassii ornatum — STEJNEGER 1919:3.
Phrynosoma douglassii ornatissimum — VAN DENBURGH 1922:377 (part)
Phrynosoma douglassii ornatum — SMITH 1946:307.
Phrynosoma douglassii ornatissimum — SMITH 1946:305 (part)
Phrynosoma douglassii douglassii — REEVE 1952:918 (part)
Phrynosoma douglassii hernandesi — REEVE 1952:922 (part)
Phrynosoma hernandezi — ZAMUDIO et al. 1997: 302 (part)
Phrynosoma hernandesi ornatum — MONTANUCCI 2015: 61 
DistributionCanada (Alberta, Saskatchewan)
USA (New Mexico, W Texas, Utah, Colorado, Arizona, South Dakota, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon)
Mexico (NE Sonora, Chihuahua, Durango)

hernandesi: Canada (Alberta, Saskatchewan), USA (New Mexico, W Texas, Utah, Colorado, Arizona, South Dakota), Mexico (NE Sonora, Chihuahua; Type locality: New Mexico and Sonora. Restricted to Santa Fe, New Mexico by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950. Resetricted to Fort Huachuca, Cochise County, Arizona by MONTANUCCI 2015.

ornatum: Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Utah; Type locality: valley of the Great Salt Lake, Utah  
TypesLectoype: USNM 197; paralectotype: USNM 198 (Stejneger 1890:113 referred to USNM 107 and 198 as “Girard’s types” of P. hernandesi but the number 107 is a typographical error fide Reeve 1952:923, Montanucci 2015).
Holotype: USNM 234, a female; UMMZ 3849 fide Banta 1970 but in error fide Montanucci 2010 who concluded that USNM 234 is the holotype [ornatum]
Syntypes: (3) ANSP 8700-02 [Tapaya ornatissima] 
CommentThe subspecies brevirostre, hernandesi, and ornatissimum are artificial assemblages of populations (Zamudio et al. 1997).

Hybridization: Phrynosoma hernandesi hybridizes with P. ornatissimum in Arizona and with P. bauri in Colorado (Montanucci 2015).

Habitat: montane

Group: Belongs to the Tapaja clade fide LEACHE & MCGUIRE 2006.

Distribution: see maps 3, 5, 7, 9, 14, 18, 19 in Montanucci 2015. See also locality lists in Montanucci 2015: 137 (hernandesi) and Montanucci 2015: 151 (ornatum). 
EtymologyNamed after Francisco Hernandez (1514-1587), Spanish physician who travelled in Mexico to study Aztec herbal medicine and to collect biological specimens. The correct spelling of the specific epithet is with an “s” (see Smith et al. 1999).

ornatum: The Latin word ornatus –a - um, (participle of the verb orno), meaning “adorned” or “decorated” or “embellished”. As no type description exists, one can only speculate as to Girard’s intended reference, but possibly to contrasting dark and light-colored markings on the dorsum. 
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