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Phrynosoma taurus DUGÈS, 1873

IUCN Red List - Phrynosoma taurus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Phrynosomatinae, Phrynosomatini; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Mexican Horned Lizard
G: Büffelhorn-Krötenechse 
SynonymPhrynosoma taurus DUGÈS 1873: 302
Phrynosoma taurus — GENTRY 1885: 146
Phrynosoma taurus — BOULENGER 1885: 249
Phrynosoma taurus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 104
Phrynosoma taurus — LINER 1994
Phrynosoma taurus — LINER 2007 
DistributionMexico (Morelos, Puebla, Oaxaca, Guerrero)

Type locality: Matamoras Izúcar [Puebla] Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesSyntypes: MNHN 
Commentthe year of description for this species seems to be somewhat unclear, because the name was apparently mentioned several times without description (starting in 1868) and therefore was a “nomen nudum” for some time (SMITH & TAYLOR 190: 104).

Group: Belongs to the Brevicauda clade fide LEACHE & MCGUIRE 2006. 
References
  • Bergmann PJ, Irschick DJ. 2012. Vertebral evolution and the diversification of squamate reptiles. Evolution 66(4):1044-58. doi: 10.1111/j.1558-5646.2011.01491.x
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Castro Franco, R. & M. G. Bustos-Zagal 2003. Lagartijas de Morelos, México: distribución, hábitat y conservación. Acta Zoológica Mexicana (n.s.) 88:123-142
  • Castro-Franco, Rubén, María Guasalupe Bustos-Zagal 1994. List of reptiles of Morelos, Mexico, and their distribution in relation to vegetation types. Southwestern Naturalist 39 (2): 171-175 - get paper here
  • Dugès, ALFREDO 1873. Estudio sobre una nueva especie de camaleon. La Naturaleza 1873: 302-305 - get paper here
  • Gentry, A.F. 1885. A review of the genus Phrynosoma. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. (ser. 3) 37: 138-148 - get paper here
  • Hodges, W.L. and Kelly R. Zamudio 2004. Horned lizard (Phrynosoma) phylogeny inferred from mitochondrial genes and morphological characters: understanding conflicts using multiple approaches. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 31 (3): 961-971 - get paper here
  • Lara-Reséndiz Rafael A., Arenas-Moreno Diego M., Beltrán-Sánchez Elizabeth, Gramajo Weendii, Verdugo-Molina Javier, Sherbrooke Wade C. et al. 2015. Selected body temperature of nine species of Mexican horned lizards (Phrynosoma) Rev. Mex. Biodiv. 86 (1): 275-278. - get paper here
  • Leaché, Adam D. and Jimmy A. McGuire 2006. Phylogenetic relationships of horned lizards (Phrynosoma ) based on nuclear and mitochondrial data: Evidence for a misleading mitochondrial gene tree. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 39 (3): 628-644 - get paper here
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • Meyers, J.J.; Herrel, A. & Nishikawa, K. 2006. Morphological correlates of ant eating in horned lizards (Phrynosoma). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 89: 13–24 - get paper here
  • Nieto-Montes de Oca, Adrián; Diego Arenas-Moreno, Elizabeth Beltrán-Sánchez, and Adam D. Leaché 2014. A New Species of Horned Lizard (Genus Phrynosoma) from Guerrero, México, with an Updated Multilocus Phylogeny. Herpetologica Jun 2014, Vol. 70, No. 2: 241-257. - get paper here
  • Reeder,T.W. & Montanucci,R.R. 2001. Phylogenetic analysis of the horned lizards (Phrynomomatidae: Phrynosoma): evidence from mitochondrial DNA and morphology. Copeia 2001 (2): 309-323 - get paper here
  • Sherbrooke, Wade C. 2003. Introduction to Horned Lizards of North America. University of California Press, Berkeley, 178 pp.
  • Smith,H.M. & Taylor,E.H. 1950. An annotated checklist and key to the reptiles of Mexico exclusive of the snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 199: 1-253 - get paper here
  • Werning, H. 2014. Krötenechsen – eine (sehr gute) Laune der Natur. Reptilia (Münster) 19 (107): 16-23
  • Zamudio, K.R., Parra-Olea, G. 2000. Reproductive mode and female reproductive cycles of two endemic Mexican horned lizards (Phrynosoma taurus and Phrynosoma braconnieri). Copeia 2000 (1): 222–229 - get paper here
 
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http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Phrynosoma&species=taurus

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