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Phyllodactylus gerrhopygus (WIEGMANN, 1834)

IUCN Red List - Phyllodactylus gerrhopygus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhyllodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: South American Leaf-toed Gecko
S: Salamanqueja, Salamanquesa 
SynonymDiplodactylus gerrhopygus WIEGMANN in MEYEN 1834
Phyllodactylus gymnopygus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1836: 394
Phyllodactylus gerrhopygus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1836: 399
Phyllodactylus gerrhopygus — BOULENGER 1885: 95
Phyllodactylus heterurus WERNER in BÜRGER 1907: 149
Phyllodactylus gerrhopygus — BURT & BURT 1933: 7
Phyllodactylus gerrhopygus — WERMUTH 1965: 136
Phyllodactylus heterurus — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 223
Phyllodactylus heterurus — DIXON & HUEY 1970: 11
Phyllodactylus heterurus — KLUGE 1993
Phyllodactylus gerrhopygus — KLUGE 1993
Phyllodactylus gerrhopygus — RÖSLER 2000: 104
Phyllodactylus heterurus — RÖSLER 2000: 104 
DistributionS Peru (Tacna), N Chile

Type locality: Tacna, Peru.

heterurus: Chile; Type locality: Oasis de Pica, Tarapaca, Chile Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 413 (lost, fide DIXON & HUEY 1970, but extant fide Bauer & Günther 1991, F. Tillack, pers. comm., 11 Feb 2015)
Holotype: lost in the Juan Noé Institute fire, December 2, 1948, (DIXON & HUEY 1970 Nuñez & Jaksic 1992), adult male, collected by C. Reiche 1902 [heterurus] 
CommentSynonymy: Phyllodactylus heterurus is known only from the type and the type locality (DIXON & HUEY 1970). The type was destroyed by fire. Due to its similarity with P. gerrhopygus Nuñez & Jaksic 1992 suggested to synonymize the two species. Despite great effort, no additional specimen of P. heterurus has been collected (JO Ortiz and JC Torres-Mura, pers. comm., via J. Troncoso-Palacios, pers. comm. 12 Jul 2016) 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Burt, C. E., and M. D. Burt 1933. A preliminary check list of the lizards of South America. Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 28: 1-104.
  • Capetillo J. NORTHLAND I. ITURRA P. 1992. Caracterización morfológica y cromosómica de Phyllodactylus inaequalis Cope y Phyllodactylus gerrhopygus (Wiegmann) (Gekkonidae): nueva distribución geográfica en el norte de Chile. Acta Zoologica Lilloana 41: 219-224.
  • Demangel, Diego 2016. Reptiles en Chile. Fauna Nativa Ediciones, Santiago, 619 pp - get paper here
  • Dixon, James R. & Huey, Raymond B. 1970. Systematics of the lizards of the Gekkonid genus Phyllodactylus on mainland South America. Los Angeles County Museum Contributions in Science (192): 1-78 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M. C. and G. Bibron. 1836. Erpetologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 3. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 528 pp. - get paper here
  • Núñez, H. and A. Veloso 2001. Distribución geográfica de las especies de lagartos de la región de Antofagasta, Chile. Bol. Mus. Nac.Hist. Nat. 50: 109-120
  • Núñez,H. & Jaksíc,F. 1992. Lista comentada de los reptiles terrestres de Chile continental. Bol. Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Chile 43: 63-91
  • PINCHEIRA-DONOSO, Daniel 2006. Geckos of Chile (Scleroglossa, Gekkonidae, Gekkoninae). Part II. Biogeography and ontogenetic shifts in the colour pattern of Phyllodactylus gerrhopygus. Can the evidence support the presence of Phyllodactylus inaequalis in Chile? Multequina 15: 37-48
  • Ramírez Leyton, G. & Pincheira Donoso, D. 2005. Fauna del Altiplano y Desierto de Atacama. Phrynosaura Ediciones, 395 pp.
  • Ramírez Leyton, G.M. 2009. WILDLIFE OF THE HIGH ANDES AND ATACAMA DESERT - A Field Guide to the El Loa Province. Phrynosaura Ediciones, Calama, Chile, 250 pp.
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Werner, F. 1907. Sobre algunos lagartos nuevos clasificados i descritos. In: Bürger, O. Estudios sobre reptiles chilenos. Anales de la Universidad de Chile, 121:149—155. - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1913. Neue oder seltene Reptilien und Frösche des Naturhistorischen Museums in Hamburg. Reptilien der Ostafrika-Expedition der Hamburger Geographischen Gesellschaft 1911/12. Leiter: Dr. E. Obst. Reptilien und Amphibien von Formosa. Jb. Hamb. wiss. Anst., 30 [1912], 2. Beiheft: 1-39, 40-45, 45-51 - get paper here
  • Wiegmann, A. F. A. 1834. In: Dr. F. J. F. Meyen: Beiträge zur Zoologie gesammelt auf einer Reise um die Erde. Siebente Abhandlung. Amphibien. Nova Acta Physico-Medica Academia Caesarea Leopoldino-Carolina (Halle) 17: 185-268 [1835] - get paper here
 
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