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Phyllodactylus xanti COPE, 1863

IUCN Red List - Phyllodactylus xanti - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhyllodactylidae, Sauria (lizards: geckos) 
SubspeciesPhyllodactylus xanti xanti COPE 1863
Phyllodactylus xanti sloani BOSTIC 1971
Phyllodactylus xanti zweifeli DIXON 1964 
Common NamesLeaf-toed Gecko 
SynonymPhyllodactylus xanti COPE 1863: 102
Phyllodactylus nocticolus DIXON 1964
Phyllodactylus mentalis WERNER 1910: 5
Phyllodactylus xanti nocticolus — WERMUTH 1965: 147

Phyllodactylus xanti acorius DIXON 1966
Phyllodactylus xanti angulus DIXON 1966
Phyllodactylus xanti circus DIXON 1966
Phyllodactylus xanti coronatus DIXON 1966
Phyllodactylus xanti estebanensis DIXON 1966
Phyllodactylus nocticolus acorius — MURPHY 1983
Phyllodactylus nocticolus angulus — MURPHY 1983
Phyllodactylus nocticolus circus — MURPHY 1983
Phyllodactylus nocticolus estebanensis — MURPHY 1983
Phyllodactylus xanti — STEBBINS 1985: 112
Phyllodactylus xanti — KLUGE 1993
Phyllodactylus nocticolus — LINER 1994
Phyllodactylus xanti — LINER 1994
Phyllodactylus xanti — RÖSLER 2000: 105

Phyllodactylus xanti sloani BOSTIC 1971
Phyllodactylus nocticolus sloani — MURPHY 1983 
DistributionIsla San Diego, Islas Salsipuedes, Isla San Esteban, Isla Magdalena, Santa Margarita (Mexico, Baja California, Sonora: Isla Dátil),
USA (S California)

nocticolus: USA (California), Mexico (Baja California); Type locality: Agua Caliente Hot Springs, San Diego County, California.

zweifeli: Mexico (Baja California); Type locality: Puerto Magdalena, Baja California.

Type locality: Cape St. Lucas, Baja California. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: CAS; Paratypes SDSNH 50827-50829 [acorius]
Holotype: CAS; Paratypes SDSNH 44238, 44239, 44677, 44678, 50833, 50856-50859, 50868, 50869 [angulus]
Holotype: SDSNH 50814; paratypes SDSNH 50809-50812, 50815-50817 [circus]
Holotype: CAS; Paratypes SDSNH 50852, 50853, 50870, 50871 [estebanensis]
Holotype: SDSNH 45895; paratypes SDSNH [sloani] 
CommentSubspecies and synonyms: Most subspecies of P. xanti have been described as subspecies of P. nocticolus. Grismer (1999) synonymized most subspecies with P. xanti because he couldn’t find any clearly diagnosable differences. The status of P. mentalis remains somewhat unclear. The types (in the Hamburg Museum) have been destroyed during World War II, but its description fits P. xanti with one exception and that is in the number of scale rows across the venter (DIXON 1964: 103). 
EtymologyNamed after John Xantus a.k.a Louis de Vesey (1825-1894), Hungarian-born naturalist who arrived in the US in 1850 and then had various jobs. 
  • BLAIR, CHRISTOPHER; FAUSTO R. MÉNDEZ DE LA CRUZ, ANDRE NGO, JOHAN LINDELL, AMY LATHROP & ROBERT W. M 2009. Molecular phylogenetics and taxonomy of leaf-toed geckos (Phyllodactylidae: Phyllodactylus) inhabiting the peninsula of Baja California. Zootaxa 2027: 28-42 - get paper here
  • Bostic, D. L. 1971. Herpetof auna of the Pacific Coast of north central Baja California, Mexico, with a description of a new subspecies of Phyllodactylus xanti. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History, 16:237—263 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1864. Descriptions of new American Squamata in the Museum of the Smtihsonian Institution. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 15 [1863]: 100-106 - get paper here
  • Cryder, Michael R.; Grismer, L. Lee; Hollingsworth, Bradford D.; Wong, Humberto 1997. Geographic Distribution. Phyllodactylus xanti. Herpetological Review 28 (2): 97 - get paper here
  • Dixon, J. R. 1960. The discovery of Phyllodactylus tuberculosus (Reptilia: Sauna) in Central America, the resurrection of P. xanti, and description of a new gecko from British Honduras. Herpetologica 16: 1-11 - get paper here
  • Dixon, J. R. 1964. The systematics and distribution of lizards of the genus Phyllodactylus in North and Central America. New Mexico State Univ. Sci. Bull. 64: 1-139 - get paper here
  • Dixon, James R. 1966. Speciation and systematics of the gekkonid lizard genus Phyllodactylus of the islands of the Gulf of California. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 33 (13): 415-452 - get paper here
  • Dixon, James R. 1969. Phyllodactylus xanti. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (79): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee 1996. Geographic Distribution. Phyllodactylus xanti. Herpetological Review 27 (1): 32-33 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee. 1999. An evolutionary classification of reptiles on islands in the Gulf of California, México. Herpetologica 55 (4): 446-469 - get paper here
  • Leviton, Alan E.; Banta, Benjamin H. 1964. Midwinter reconnaissance of the herpetofauna of the Cape Region of Baja California, Mexico. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 30 (7): 127-156 - get paper here
  • Murphy, R. W. 1983. Paleobiology and genetic differentiation of the Baja California herpetofauna. Occ. Pap. Cal. Acad. Sci. (137): 1-48 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
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