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Phyllorhynchus browni STEJNEGER, 1890

IUCN Red List - Phyllorhynchus browni - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Saddled Leafnose Snake
G: Geringelte Blattnasennatter 
SynonymPhyllorhynchus browni STEJNEGER 1890:151
Lytorhynchus brownii — BOULENGER 1893: 417
Phyllorhynchus browni fortitus BOGERT & OLIVER 1945
Phyllorhynchus browni fortitus — ZWEIFEL & NORRIS 1955
Phyllorhynchus browni klauberi SHANNON & HUMPHREY 1959
Phyllorhynchus browni — STEBBINS 1985: 178
Phyllorhynchus browni — LINER 1994
Phyllorhynchus browni — LINER 2007
Phyllorhynchus browni lucidus
Phyllorhynchus browni — WALLACH et al. 2014: 560 
DistributionUSA (S Arizona),
Mexico (Sonora, Sinaloa)

fortitus: Mexico (Sonora); Type locality: Alamos, Sonora.

klauberi: Type locality: Mexico: 45.7 mi S Culiacan, Sinaloa; Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: USNM 15719
Holotype, AMNH No. 64329 [fortitus]
Holotype: SDSNH 28819 [lucidus]
Holotype: SDSNH 32493; paratypes SDSNH [nubilus]
Holotype: UIMNH 67069; F. A. Shannon and F. L. Humphrey; July 16, 1958 [klauberi] 
CommentSubspecies: McDiarmid and McCleary (1993) argued that the four subspecies of browni and five subspecies of decurtatus are questionable and may not be recognized. CROTHER (2000) and BOUNDY et al. 2012 followed this opinion.

Type species: Phyllorhynchus browni STEJNEGER 1890 is the type species of the genus Phyllorhynchus STEJNEGER 1890. 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Dowling, H.G. 2002. “Intraspecific variation of the hemipenis”, a correction , with comments on other erroneous descriptions. Herpetological Review 33 (1): 12-14 - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid R W; McCleary R J R 1993. Phyllorhynchus Stejneger, leaf-nosed snakes. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 579: 1-5 - get paper here
  • Shannon,F.A. & Humpfrey,F.L. 1959. A new subspecies of Phyllorhynchus browni from Sinaloa. Herpetologica 15 (3): 145-148 - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Stejneger, Leonhard 1890. On a new genus and species of colubrine snakes from North America. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 13 (802): 151-155 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Webb, R.G. 1984. Herpetogeography in the Mazatlán-Durango Region of the Sierra Madre Occidental, Mexico. Vetrebrate Ecology and Systematics - A ribute to Henry S. Fitch; Museum of Natural History, University of Kansas, Lawrence, pp. 217-241
  • Weber, David. 2016. Geographic Distribution: Phyllorhynchus browni (Saddled Leaf-nosed Snake). Herpetological Review 47 (2): 264
  • Zweifel,R.G. and Norris,K.S. 1955. Contributions to the herpetology of Sonora, Mexico:Descriptions of new subspecies of snakes (Micruroides euryxanthus and Lampropeltis getulus) and miscellaneous collecting notes. American Midland Naturalist 54: 230-249 - get paper here
 
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