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Phyllorhynchus browni STEJNEGER, 1890

IUCN Red List - Phyllorhynchus browni - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Saddled Leafnose Snake
G: Geringelte Blattnasennatter
S: Culebra Ensillada 
SynonymPhyllorhynchus browni STEJNEGER 1890:151
Lytorhynchus brownii — BOULENGER 1893: 417
Phyllorhynchus browni fortitus BOGERT & OLIVER 1945
Phyllorhynchus browni fortitus — ZWEIFEL & NORRIS 1955
Phyllorhynchus browni klauberi SHANNON & HUMPHREY 1959
Phyllorhynchus browni — STEBBINS 1985: 178
Phyllorhynchus browni — LINER 1994
Phyllorhynchus browni — LINER 2007
Phyllorhynchus browni lucidus
Phyllorhynchus browni — WALLACH et al. 2014: 560 
DistributionUSA (S Arizona),
Mexico (Sonora, Sinaloa)

fortitus: Mexico (Sonora); Type locality: Alamos, Sonora.

klauberi: Type locality: Mexico: 45.7 mi S Culiacan, Sinaloa;  
TypesHolotype: USNM 15719
Holotype: AMNH No. 64329 [fortitus]
Holotype: SDNHM = SDSNH 28819 [lucidus]
Holotype: SDNHM = SDSNH 32493; paratypes SDNHM = SDSNH [nubilus]
Holotype: INHS (= UIMNH) 67069; F. A. Shannon and F. L. Humphrey; July 16, 1958 [klauberi] 
CommentSubspecies: McDiarmid and McCleary (1993) argued that the four subspecies of browni and five subspecies of decurtatus are questionable and may not be recognized. CROTHER (2000) and Crother et al. 2012 followed this opinion.

Type species: Phyllorhynchus browni STEJNEGER 1890 is the type species of the genus Phyllorhynchus STEJNEGER 1890. 
EtymologyNamed after Herbert Brown (1848-1913), a journalist, editor, and newspaper proprietor in Tucson, and President of the Audubon Society of Arizona.

The genus was named after the Greek phyllon, meaning leaf, and rhynchos, meaning nose or snout, in reference to the enlarged rostral shield that resembles an upturned leaf. The gender is neuter. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. (chair) et al. 2012. Scientific and standard English names of amphibians and reptiles of North America north of Mexico, with comments regarding confidence in our understanding. 7th edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 92 pp.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Dowling, H.G. 2002. “Intraspecific variation of the hemipenis”, a correction , with comments on other erroneous descriptions. Herpetological Review 33 (1): 12-14 - get paper here
  • Goldberg, S.R. 1996. Reproduction in the Saddled Leafnose Snake, Phyllorhynchus browni and the Spotted Leafnose Snake, Phyllorhynchus decurtatus, from Arizona Journal of Herpetology 30 (2): 280-282. - get paper here
  • Hardy, L.M., & McDiarmid, R.W. 1969. The amphibians and reptiles of Sinaloa, Mexico. Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. 18 (3): 39-252. - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR 2020. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Sinaloa, Mexico with a conservation status summary and comparisons with neighboring states. ZooKeys 931: 85-114 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Rorabaugh JC 2019. A conservation checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Sonora, Mexico, with updated species lists. ZooKeys 829: 131-160 - get paper here
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • Love, B. 2017. Terrarianertreffen – U.S. Style. Reptilia (Münster) 22 (127): 58-59 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid R W; McCleary R J R 1993. Phyllorhynchus Stejneger, leaf-nosed snakes. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 579: 1-5 - get paper here
  • Nevárez-de los Reyes; Manuel, David Lazcano, Javier Banda-Leal and Ian Recchio 2014. Notes on Mexican Herpetofauna 22: Herpetofauna of the Continental Portion of the Municipality of Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 49(8):105-115 - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Shannon,F.A. & Humpfrey,F.L. 1959. A new subspecies of Phyllorhynchus browni from Sinaloa. Herpetologica 15 (3): 145-148 - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Stejneger, Leonhard 1890. On a new genus and species of colubrine snakes from North America. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 13 (802): 151-155 - get paper here
  • Vorhies, C.T. 1926. Notes on some Uncommon Snakes of Southern Arizona Copeia 157: 158-160. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Webb, R.G. 1984. Herpetogeography in the Mazatlán-Durango Region of the Sierra Madre Occidental, Mexico. Vetrebrate Ecology and Systematics - A ribute to Henry S. Fitch; Museum of Natural History, University of Kansas, Lawrence, pp. 217-241
  • Weber, David. 2016. Geographic Distribution: Phyllorhynchus browni (Saddled Leaf-nosed Snake). Herpetological Review 47 (2): 264 - get paper here
  • Zweifel,R.G. and Norris,K.S. 1955. Contributions to the herpetology of Sonora, Mexico:Descriptions of new subspecies of snakes (Micruroides euryxanthus and Lampropeltis getulus) and miscellaneous collecting notes. American Midland Naturalist 54: 230-249 - get paper here
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