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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesS: Lagarto negro
E: Black lizard 
SynonymPhymaturus curivilcun SCOLARO, CORBALÁN, TAPPARI & STREITENBERGER 2016 
DistributionArgentina (Chubut)

Type locality: open rocky outcrops in Paraje El Mirador (42° 27’ S; 70° 03’ W; 1100 m elevation, datum = WGS84), Provincial road No 4, approximately 80 km NW of Gastre, Cushamen Department, Chubut Province, Argentina. Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TypesHolotype: MLP.R. 6339, adult male. Collected by J.A. Scolaro and O.F. Tappari, 16 December 2014.
Paratypes: MLP.R. 6340, adult male; MLP.R. 6341, adult female; MLP.R. 6342, adult female; MLP.R. 6343 adult male; JAS-DC 2258 adult male; JAS-DC 2260 adult male; JAS-DC 1210 adult male; JAS-DC 2293 adult female and JAS-DC 2237 adult female. All specimens have the same data of collection as the holotype. 
CommentSympatry: Liolaemus bibroni Bell, 1843, L. ceii Donoso Barros, 1971, L. elongatus Koslowsky, 1896, L. inacayali Abdala, 2003, L. uptoni Scolaro and Cei, 2006, Diplolaemus darwinii Bell, 1843, Diplolaemus sexcinctus Cei, Scolaro and Videla, 2003, and, Pristidactylus nigroiugulus Cei, Scolaro and Videla 2001 and Homonota darwinii Boulenger, 1885.

Habitat: rocky outcrops

Diet: probably mostly herbivorous (e.g. (Lycium spp. and Adesmia boronioides)

Abundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe specific name, “curivilcun” refers to the dorsal dark colour of the species, (as curi = black colour and vilcún = lizard) that comes from the mapudungún language of Mapuche natives that inhabited Argentina and Chile in the past. 
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Scolaro, José Alejandro; Valeria Corbalán, Osvaldo Fabián Tappari<br />and Lorena Obregón Streitenberger 2016. LIZARDS AT THE END OF THE WORLD: A NEW MELANIC SPECIES OF PHYMATURUS OF THE PATAGONICUS CLADE FROM ROCKY OUTCROPS IN THE NORTHWESTERN STEPPE OF CHUBUT PROVINCE, PATAGONIA ARGENTINA (REPTILIA: IGUANIA: LIOLAEMIDAE) Boletín del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Chile, 65: 137-152
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