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Phymaturus extrilidus LOBO, ESPINOZA, SANABRIA & QUIROGA, 2012

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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymPhymaturus extrilidus LOBO, ESPINOZA, SANABRIA & QUIROGA 2012 
DistributionArgentina (San Juan)

Type locality: Argentina, Provincia de San Juan, Departamento Ullum, Reserva Natural Don Carmelo, hillside (Sierra La Invernada) behind the field station, 30°55’91’’S, 69°04’98’’W, 3133 m elevation. Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
 
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: MCN-UNSa 2657, adult male, R. E. Espinoza, F. Lobo, L. Quiroga, and E. Sanabria, 12 December 2007.
Paratypes.—MCN-UNSa 2655–56, 2665–66, 2669–71, 2673, 2721–35, 2737 (MCN-UNSa 2656, 2665–66 are skeletons, 5 adult males (Fig. 2A, B), 15 adult females, 1 juvenile), same data as holotype; MCN-UNSa 2709–20 (MCN-UNSa 2713: skeleton), 6 adult males, 1 adult female, 2 juvenile males, 3 neonate females (Fig. 2C, D, in part), Argentina, Provincia de San Juan, Departamento Ullum, Reserva Natural Don Carmelo, Aguada la Pinchagua, 30u589660S, 69u059210W, 3122 m, same collectors as holotype, 13 December 2007. 
Comment 
EtymologyThe specific epithet extrilidus is a Latin adjective for unterrified or dauntless, which is in reference to the approachability of this new species in nature. The boldness of these lizards is in contrast to the authors’ experience with most other species of Phymaturus, which tend to seek refuge in rock crevices at the slightest disturbance—even when approached slowly from a distance. 
References
  • AVILA, LUCIANO JAVIER; LORENA ELIZABETH MARTINEZ & MARIANA MORANDO 2013. Checklist of lizards and amphisbaenians of Argentina: an update. Zootaxa 3616 (3): 201–238
  • LOBO, FERNANDO; CRISTIAN ABDALA & SOLEDAD VALDECANTOS 2012. Morphological diversity and phylogenetic relationships within a South-American clade of iguanian lizards (Liolaemidae: Phymaturus). Zootaxa 3315: 1–41 - get paper here
  • Lobo, Fernando; Robert E. Espinoza, Eduardo A. Sanabria, and Lorena B. Quiroga 2012. A New Phymaturus (Iguania: Liolaemidae) from the Southern Extreme of the Argentine Puna. Copeia 2012 (1): 12-22. - get paper here
  • Pérez, Mauricio Armando, Carlos Eduardo Borghi and Verónica Alejandra Beninato. 2013. Phymaturus extrilidus predation. Herpetological Review 44 (4): 679
  • Ramallo, Geraldine, Bursey, Charles R., Goldberg, Stephen R., Castillo, Gabriel and Acosta, Juan Carlos 2017. Phymaturus extrilidus Endoparasites Herpetological Review 48 (1): 198 - get paper here
  • Troncoso-Palacios, Jaime and Damien Esquerré 2014. A new species of Phymaturus of the P. mallimaccii Group from the Andes of central Chile (Iguania: Liolaemidae). Phyllomedusa 13 (1):3–15 - get paper here
 
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