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Pinoyscincus jagori (PETERS, 1864)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesPinoyscincus jagori jagori (PETERS 1864)
Pinoyscincus jagori grandis (TAYLOR 1922) 
Common NamesJagor's Sphenomorphus 
SynonymSphenomorphus jagori jagori PETERS 1864
Lygosoma (Hinulia) Jagori PETERS 1864: 54 (part.)
Lygosoma jagori — BOULENGER 1887: 240
Sphenomorphus palustris TAYLOR 1915: 102
Sphenomorphus jagori palustris TAYLOR 1922: 194 (part.)
Sphenomorphus jagori — STEJNEGER 1908: 545
Lygosoma (Sphenomorphus) jagori — SMITH 1937: 220 (part.)
Sphenomorphus jagorii - BROWN & ALCALA 1980: 207
Sphenomorphus jagori jagori — BROWN & ALCALA 1980: 209
Pinoyscincus jagori — LINKEM, DIESMOS & BROWN 2011

Pinoyscincus jagori grandis (TAYLOR 1922)
Sphenomorphus jagori — TAYLOR 1917: 372 (part.)
Sphenomorphus jagori grandis TAYLOR 1922: 195
Lygosoma (Sphenomorphus) jagori grande — BROWN & ALCALA 1961
Sphenomorphus jagori grandis — BROWN & ALCALA 1980: 211
Sphenomorphus jagori grandis — GAULKE 2001: 14
Pinoyscincus jagori grandis — GAULKE 2011
Pinoyscincus jagori grandis — SUPSUP et al. 2016 
DistributionPhilippines

jagori: Basilan, Bohol, Bubuan, (Tapiantana Group, Sulus), Camiguin (Sur), Catanduanes, Dinagat, Govenen (Great), Jolo (Sulus), Leyte, Lubang, Luzon, Maripipi, Mindanao, Mindoro, Samar, Siargao;

grandis: Caluya, Cebu, Masbate, Negros, Panay, Sicogon, Gigante)

Type locality: “Borongan auf der Insel Samar und Taclobang auf der Insel Leyte” [S. jagori jagori]
Type locality: Mt. Canlaon, Negros Island [jagori grandis].  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZMB; syntypes: NMW (jagori)
Holotype: Carnegie Museum [jagori grandis]. 
CommentSynonymy mainly after BROWN & ALCALA 1980. Many specimens originally identified as jagori may be in fact S. abdictus. See that entry. Specimens from Dinagat, N-Luzon, and other small islands which have been identified as S. jagori need to be re-examined (fide BROWN & ALCALA 1980).

Subspecies: Sphenomorphus jagori divergens is now Pinoyscincus coxi divergens.

Type species: Lygosoma (Hinulia) Jagori PETERS 1864 is the type species of the genus Pinoyscincus LINKEM, DIESMOS & BROWN 2011.

Description (genus): Pinoyscincus can be identified by the following combination of characters: (1) body size medium to large (> 42 mm SVL); (2) paravertebral scale rows 56–80; (3) midbody scale rows 30–44; and (4) subdigital lamellae 17–26. In addition to these scale characters, species in this genus share a unique morphology of the hemipenis. The main shaft of the hemipenis, before the bifurcation, is wide with a large bulbous lobe on each lateral side of the shaft (Fig. 6 in LINKEM, DIESMOS & BROWN 2011).

SVL: ca. 90 mm

Distribution: not in Sulawesi, fide Koch 2012: 317 
EtymologyEtymology (genus): The word pinoy is a commonly used Tagalog term of endearment amongst Filipinos, refer- ring to an individual Filipino or the nation as a whole. We use it here in conjunction with the Latin scincus, meaning lizard, to name a clade of skinks found on the Philippine Archipelago. Suggested common name: Filipino skinks. 
References
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575pp. - get paper here
  • Brown, R.M. et al. 2010. Species boundaries in Philippine montane forest skinks (Genus Sphenomorphus): three new species from the mountains of Luzon and clarification of the status of the poorly known S. beyeri, S. knollmanae, and S. laterimaculatus. Scient. Pap. Nat. Hist. Mus. Univ. Kansas (42): 1-27
  • Brown, W.C. & Alcala,A.C. 1961. Populations of amphibians and reptiles on the submontane and montane forests of Cuernos de Negros, Philippine Islands. Ecology 42: 628-632
  • Brown, WC. & A.C. ALCALA 1980. Philippine Lizards of the family Scincidae. Silliman Univ. Nat. Sci., Dumaguete City, Mon., Ser. 2: i-xi + 1-246.
  • Brown,R.M. & Ferner,J.W. & Sison,R.V. 1995. Rediscovery and redescription of Sphenomorphus beyeri Taylor (Reptilia: Lacertilia: Scincidae) from the Zambales Mountains of Luzon, Philippines. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 108 (1): 6-17 - get paper here
  • Ferner, John W., Rafe M. Brown, Rogelio V. Sison and Robert S. Kennedy 2000. The amphibians and reptiles of Panay Island, Philippines. Asiatic Herpetological Research 9: 1-37 - get paper here
  • Gaulke, M. 2001. Die Herpetofauna von Sibaliw (Panay), einem der letzten Tieflandregenwaldgebiete der West-Visayas, Philippinen. Teil III. Echsen und Diskussion. Herpetofauna 23 (132): 5-18 - get paper here
  • Iskandar D. 1994. New scincid lizard of the genus Sphenomorphus (Reptilia, Scincidae), from Java [S. puncticentralis]. Treubia 31 (1): 25-30. - get paper here
  • Lagat, R.D. 2009. A TAXONOMIC ACCOUNT OF LIZARDS ALONG ESTABLISHED TRAILS IN MTS. PALAY-PALAY MATAAS-NA-GULOD PROTECTED LANDSCAPE, LUZON ISLAND, PHILIPPINES. Philippine Journal of Systematic Biology 3: 17-28
  • Linkem, Charles W.; Arvin C. Diesmos, Rafe M. Brown 2011. Molecular systematics of the Philippine forest skinks (Squamata: Scincidae: Sphenomorphus): testing morphological hypotheses of interspecific relationships. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 163: 1217–1243
  • Linkem, Charles W.;Kyle Miller Hesed, Arvin C. Diesmos, Rafe M. Brown 2010. Species boundaries and cryptic lineage diversity in a Philippine forest skink complex (Reptilia; Squamata; Scincidae: Lygosominae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56 (2): 572-585 - get paper here
  • Peters,W.C.H. 1864. Die Eidechsenfamilie der Scincoiden, insbesondere über die Schneider'schen, Wiegmann'schen und neue Arten des zoologischen Museums. Monatsber. K. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1864: 44-58 - get paper here
  • Sanguila MB, Cobb KA, Siler CD, Diesmos AC, Alcala AC, Brown RM 2016. The amphibians and reptiles of Mindanao Island, southern Philippines, II: the herpetofauna of northeast Mindanao and adjacent islands. ZooKeys 624: 1–132, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.624.9814
  • Smith,M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • SUPSUP, Christian E.; Nevong M. PUNA, Augusto A. ASIS, Bernard R. REDOBLADO, Maria Fatima G. PANAGUINIT, Faith M. GUINTO, Edmund B. RICO, Arvin C. DIESMOS, Rafe M. BROWN and Neil Aldrin D. MALLARI 2016. Amphibians and Reptiles of Cebu, Philippines: The Poorly Understood Herpetofauna of an Island with Very Little Remaining Natural Habitat Asian Herpetological Research 2016, 7(3): 151–179 DOI: 10.16373/j.cnki.ahr.150049 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E.H. 1915. New species of Philippine lizards. Philip. J. Sci. 10: 89-109
  • Taylor,E.H. 1917. Snakes and lizards known from Negros, with descriptions of new species and subspecies. Philippine Journal of Science 12: 353-381 - get paper here
  • Taylor,E.H. 1922. The lizards of the Philippine Islands. Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Bureau of Science, Government of the Philippine Islands, Manila, Publication no. 17: 269 pp. - get paper here
 
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