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Pinoyscincus jagori (PETERS, 1864)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesPinoyscincus jagori jagori (PETERS 1864)
Pinoyscincus jagori grandis (TAYLOR 1922) 
Common NamesE: Jagor's Sphenomorphus, Filipino skink 
SynonymSphenomorphus jagori jagori PETERS 1864
Lygosoma (Hinulia) Jagori PETERS 1864: 54 (part.)
Lygosoma jagori — BOULENGER 1887: 240
Sphenomorphus palustris TAYLOR 1915: 102
Sphenomorphus jagori palustris TAYLOR 1922: 194 (part.)
Sphenomorphus jagori — STEJNEGER 1908: 545
Lygosoma (Sphenomorphus) jagori — SMITH 1937: 220 (part.)
Sphenomorphus jagorii — BROWN & ALCALA 1980: 207
Sphenomorphus jagori jagori — BROWN & ALCALA 1980: 209
Pinoyscincus jagori — LINKEM, DIESMOS & BROWN 2011
Pinoyscincus cf. jagori jagori — BINADAY et al. 2017

Pinoyscincus jagori grandis (TAYLOR 1922)
Sphenomorphus jagori — TAYLOR 1917: 372 (part.)
Sphenomorphus jagori grandis TAYLOR 1922: 195
Lygosoma (Sphenomorphus) jagori grande — BROWN & ALCALA 1961
Lygosoma (Sphenomorphus) jagori grande — BROWN & ALCALA 1966
Sphenomorphus jagori grandis — BROWN & ALCALA 1980: 211
Sphenomorphus jagori grandis — GAULKE 2001: 14
Pinoyscincus jagori grandis — GAULKE 2011
Pinoyscincus jagori grandis — SUPSUP et al. 2016
Pinoyscincus jagori grandis — MENESES et al. 2022 

jagori: Basilan, Bohol, Bubuan, (Tapiantana Group, Sulus), Camiguin (Sur), Catanduanes, Dinagat, Govenen (Great), Jolo (Sulus), Leyte, Lubang, Luzon, Maripipi, Mindanao, Mindoro, Samar, Siargao;

grandis: Caluya, Cebu, Masbate, Negros, Panay, Sicogon, Gigante)

Type locality: “Borongan auf der Insel Samar und Taclobang auf der Insel Leyte” [S. jagori jagori]
Type locality: Mt. Canlaon, Negros Island [jagori grandis].  
TypesHolotype: ZMB 4610, Borongan, Philippines, collected A.F. Jagor; 4975-76, Taclobang, Philippines, collected A.F. Jagor. Tiedemann et al. (1994) also list NMW 9727 and 14855: 1-2 as types, although their collection data do not match that in the type description (jagori)
Holotype: CM P1722 (= Carnegie Museum) [grandis] 
DiagnosisDescription (genus): Pinoyscincus can be identified by the following combination of characters: (1) body size medium to large (> 42 mm SVL); (2) paravertebral scale rows 56–80; (3) midbody scale rows 30–44; and (4) subdigital lamellae 17–26. In addition to these scale characters, species in this genus share a unique morphology of the hemipenis. The main shaft of the hemipenis, before the bifurcation, is wide with a large bulbous lobe on each lateral side of the shaft (Fig. 6 in LINKEM, DIESMOS & BROWN 2011).

Diagnosis (Sphenomorphus palustris). “Frontoparietal divided; 6 supraoculars, the last 2 divided; lower eyelids scaly; ear opening large, round; tympanum not deeply sunk; frontal slightly longer than the parietal region; 40 scale rows around the body; side of head barred with white.” (Taylor 1915: 102)

Description of type (Sphenomorphus palustris): Taylor 1915: 102 
CommentSynonymy mainly after BROWN & ALCALA 1980. Many specimens originally identified as jagori may be in fact S. abdictus. See that entry. Specimens from Dinagat, N-Luzon, and other small islands which have been identified as S. jagori need to be re-examined (fide BROWN & ALCALA 1980).

Subspecies: Sphenomorphus jagori divergens is now Pinoyscincus coxi divergens.

Type species: Lygosoma (Hinulia) Jagori PETERS 1864 is the type species of the genus Pinoyscincus LINKEM, DIESMOS & BROWN 2011.

Distribution: not in Sulawesi, fide Koch 2012: 317 
EtymologyNamed after Professor Dr. Fedor Jagor (1817-1900), a German ethnographer and naturalist who traveled in Asia, including the Philippines, collecting for Museum fur Naturkunde Berlin.

Etymology (genus): The word pinoy is a commonly used Tagalog term of endearment amongst Filipinos, referring to an individual Filipino or the nation as a whole. We use it here in conjunction with the Latin scincus, meaning lizard, to name a clade of skinks found on the Philippine Archipelago. 
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  • SUPSUP, Christian E.; Nevong M. PUNA, Augusto A. ASIS, Bernard R. REDOBLADO, Maria Fatima G. PANAGUINIT, Faith M. GUINTO, Edmund B. RICO, Arvin C. DIESMOS, Rafe M. BROWN and Neil Aldrin D. MALLARI 2016. Amphibians and Reptiles of Cebu, Philippines: The Poorly Understood Herpetofauna of an Island with Very Little Remaining Natural Habitat. Asian Herpetological Research 2016, 7(3): 151–179 DOI: 10.16373/j.cnki.ahr.150049 - get paper here
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