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Plectrurus perroteti DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854

IUCN Red List - Plectrurus perroteti - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaUropeltidae, Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Nilgiri Burrowing Snake, Perrotet’s Shieldtail 
SynonymPlectrurus perroteti DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 167
Plectrurus perroteti — GRAY 1858: 381
Plectrurus perroteti — BEDDOME 1864: 179
Plectrurus Perroteti — JAN 1865
Plectrurus davidsoni BEDDOME 1886: 25
Plectrurus perroteti — BOULENGER 1893: 161
Plectrurus davidsoni — BOULENGER 1893: 162
Plectrurus perroteti — SMITH 1943: 71
Plectrurus perrotetii — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 134
Plectrurus perroteti — MURTHY 2010
Plectrurus perrotetii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 569 
DistributionS India (Western Ghats, Kerala, Anaimalais and Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu)

Type locality: „dans le Nilgerrhy (Indes-Orientales)"
Type locality: ,,Anamallay hills, 4,700 feet elevation", S India [BEDDOME 1886]  
TypesSyntypes: MNHN-RA 0170, MNHN-RA 0190, MNHN-RA 6996
Holotype: BMNH 1946.1.1.41 (formerly [davidsoni] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Plectrurus can be distinguished from all other am- niotes by the characters given for the family, and oculars divided, nasals in contact, no temporal, no mental groove, dorsal scales in 15 rows at midbody, juxtaspedial process distinctly restricted by ap- proximation of dorsal and ventral margin and fenestra pseudorotunda never exposed in lateral view (P. perrotetii) or juxtaspedial process wide open laterally and fenestra pseudorotunda may be exposed in lateral view (P. aureus; see Olori & Bell 2012), and Oberhäutchen cells 10-20 mm (P. perrotetii; Gower 2003, Pyron et al. 2016). 
CommentThis name was first mentioned by DUMÉRIL (1851) as a nomen nudum, and the skull of this form was illustrated under this name in 1853 (fide GANS 1966)

Type species: Plectrurus perroteti DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 167 is the type species of the genus Plectrurus DUMÉRIL 1851: 224. 
EtymologyNamed after Gustave Samuel Perrotet (1793-1867), an explorer and collector. He was the naturalist (1819) on board the Rhône. 
  • Beddome, R.H. 1864. Description of new species of the family Uropeltidae from Southern India, with notes on other little-known species. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 13: 177-180 - get paper here
  • Beddome, R.H. 1886. An account of the earth snakes of the Peninsula of India and Ceylon. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 17: 3-33. - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bhupathy, Subramanian & N. Sathishkumar 2013. Status of reptiles in Meghamalai and its environs, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5 (15): 4953-4961 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M.C., G. BIBRON & A.H.A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 7 (partie 1). Paris, xvi + 780 S. - get paper here
  • Ganesh, S.R.; S. Bhupathy, P. Karthik, G. Babu Rao & S. Babu 2020. Catalogue of herpetological specimens from peninsular India at the Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology & Natural History (SACON), India. JoTT 12 (9): 16123–16135 - get paper here
  • Gray, J.E. 1858. On a new genus and several new species of Uropeltidae in the collection of the British Museum. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1858: 260-265. - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1858. On a new genus and several new species of Uropeltidae in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 2: 376-381 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 9. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris [1864] - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Pyron R. A., Ganesh S. R., Sayyed A., Sharma V., Wallach V. & Somaweera R. 2016. A catalogue and systematic overview of the shield-tailed snakes (Serpentes: Uropeltidae). [type catalogue] Zoosystema 38 (4): 453-506 - get paper here
  • Santhoshkumar, P.; P. Kannan, B. Ramakrishnan, A. Veeramani, A. Samson, S. Karthick, J. Leonaprincy, B. Nisha, N. Dineshkumar, A. Abinesh, U. Vigneshkumar & P. Girikaran 2016. Road kills of the endemic snake Perrotet’s Shieldtail Plectrurus perrotetii, Dumeril, 1851 (Reptilia: Squamata: Uropeltidae) in Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8 (11): 9375–9376 - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Whitaker, Romulus and Ashok Captain 2004. Snakes of India. Draco Books, 500 pp., reprinted 2007 - get paper here
  • Williams, Ernest E. 1959. The occipito-vertebral joint in the burrowing snakes of the family Uropeltidae. Breviora (106): 1-10 - get paper here
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