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Plestiodon brevirostris (GÜNTHER, 1860)

IUCN Red List - Plestiodon brevirostris - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesPlestiodon brevirostris brevirostris (GÜNTHER 1860)
Plestiodon brevirostris pineus (AXTELL 1960) 
Common NamesShortnose Skink 
SynonymMabouia brevirostris GÜNTHER 1860: 442
Eumeces brevirostris — BOCOURT 1879: 439
Eumeces brevirostris — GÜNTHER 1885: 32
Eumeces brevirostris — TAYLOR 1936: 459
Eumeces brevirostris — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 168
Eumeces brevirostris — LINER 1994
Eumeces brevirostris — GRIFFITH, NGO & MURPHY 2000
Plestiodon brevirostris — SCHMITZ et al. 2004
Plestiodon brevirostris — MATA-SILVA et al. 2015

Plestiodon brevirostris pineus (AXTELL 1960)
Eumeces dicei pineus AXTELL 1960
Eumeces brevirostris pineus — DIXON 1969: 14
Plestiodon brevirostris pineus — GARCIA-VÁZQUEZ & FERIA-ORTIZ 2006
Plestiodon brevirostris pineus — LINER 2007 
DistributionMexico (Guerrero, Morelos, Oaxaca, Veracruz, Puebla, Durango, San Luis Potosí, Michoacán)

brevirostris: Mexico (Guerrero)

Type locality: Oaxaca; restricted to the city of Oaxaca by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950.

pineus: Mexico (Coahuila); Type locality: Cañón de Carolina, 1 3 miles east of San Antonio de las Alazanas, Coahuila, México.  
Reproductionviviparous (HR 38:81-82, 2007) 
TypesHolotype: BMNH (fide Dixon 1969)
Holotype: KU 39539, Robert G. Webb; July 6, 1955. 
CommentSubspecies: FERIA-ORTIZ et al. 2011 provide evidence that P. b. brevirostris, P. b. bilineatus, P. b. dicei, and the eastern populations of P. b indubitus (from Morelos, Guerrero, and México) represent distinct species, whereas the western populations of P. b. indubitus (from Colima and Jalisco) represent an undescribed species. The data cannot resolve whether P. b. pineus is conspecific with P. b. dicei or P. b. dicei is a paraphyletic ( = nonexclusive) species relative to an exclusive P. b. pineus. Thus, the status of P. b. pineus remains uncertain. The haplotype phylogeny also suggests that P. b. brevirostris may represent more than one species. BRANDLEY et al. (2012) showed that bilineatus, dicei, and indubitus are paraphyletic with respect to other species and thus need to be split up.

Distribution: not in Jalisco fide CRUZ-SÁENZ et al. 2017.

Habitat: Plestiodon brevirostris is found in mesic forest and xeric scrub at higher elevations. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “brevis, -e” = short and “rostrum” = beak, proboscis, trunk. 
References
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  • Axtell, Ralph W. 1960. A new subspecies of Eumeces dicei from the Sierra Madre of northeastern Mexico. Copeia 1960 (1): 19-26 - get paper here
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1993. STANDARDIZED CRITERIA FOR THE RECOGNITION OF REPRODUCTIVE MODES IN SQUAMATE REPTILES. Herpetologica 49 (1): 118-132 - get paper here
  • Bocourt, M. F. 1879. Etudes sur les reptiles, p. i-xiv, 1-1012. In Recherches Zoologiques pour servir a l'Histoire de Ia Faune de l'Amérique Centrale et du Mexique. Mission Scientifique au Mexique et dans l'Amérique Centrale, Recherches zoologiques. Part 2, sect. 1; In A Imprimerie Impériale, Paris [3, Pt. 6], pp. 360–440. - get paper here
  • BRANDLEY, MATTHEW C.; OTA, HIDETOSHI; HIKIDA, TSUTOMU; NIETO MONTES DE OCA, ADRIAN; FERIA-ORTIZ, MANUEL; GUO, XIANGUANG; WANG, YUEZHAO 2012. The phylogenetic systematics of blue-tailed skinks (Plestiodon) and the family Scincidae. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 165 (1): 163-189 - get paper here
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