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Plestiodon coreensis (DOI & KAMITA, 1937)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Smith's Skink 
SynonymEumeces coreensis DOI & KAMITA 1937
Eumeces coreensis SMITH et al. 1979 (fide FRANK & RAMUS 1995)
Eumeces coreensis — GRIFFITH, NGO & MURPHY 2000
Plestiodon coreensis — SCHMITZ et al. 2004
Eumeces coreensis — DATHE 2012 
Distribution“North West Corea” = NW North Korea ?

Type locality: Sanpoto near Ryuganpo (Yongamp'o) (female) and Suiunto Island (Sin-do Island), Korea (male)  
DiagnosisAccording to Okada (1939: 187), the species differs from E. chinensis and "E. pekinensis" (=xanthi) in the following characters: only one postmental, prefrontals in contact with each other, six upper and lower labials; E. coreensis differs from E. c. chinensis in having two upper labials in contact with posterior loreal and from E. xanthi in having no postnasal. Taylor (1935: 243) states that E. xanthi varies in that one specimen shows only six upper labials. According to his Fig. 33, the prefrontals are in contact. E. xanthi usually has 22 rows about the middle of the body, one in nine having 24. Both known specimens of coreensis have 24. Like xanthi, coreensis has four narrow, dark dorsal bands, but Okada states that these are situated on the four median dorsal rows whereas those of E. xanthi are located on the two median dorsal rows and on the third scale row. Both species have a broad, dark lateral band. 
CommentDistribution: there is a place in extreme NW North Korea called Ryongampo near the border with China (Google maps) 
EtymologyApparently named after its occurrence in Korea. 
  • BRANDLEY, MATTHEW C.; OTA, HIDETOSHI; HIKIDA, TSUTOMU; NIETO MONTES DE OCA, ADRIAN; FERIA-ORTIZ, MANUEL; GUO, XIANGUANG; WANG, YUEZHAO 2012. The phylogenetic systematics of blue-tailed skinks (Plestiodon) and the family Scincidae. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 165 (1): 163-189 - get paper here
  • Dathe, Falk 2012. Die Geschichte der Schlangenfarm des Tierparks Berlin. Draco 13 (51): 54-57 - get paper here
  • Doi,H. & KAMITA,T. 1937. A new species of Eumeces from West Corea. Zool. Mag. Tokyo 49: 211-215
  • Griffith, H., A. Ngo & R. W. Murphy 2000. A cladistic evaluation of the cosmopolitan genus Eumeces Wiegmann (Reptilia, Squamata, Scincidae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 7 (1): 1-16 - get paper here
  • Okada, Y. 1939. Studies on the lizards of Japan, contribution III. Scincidae. Zool. Inst., Tokyo Bunrika Daigaku 4 (73): 159-214
  • Schmitz, Andreas; Patrick Mausfeld and Dirk Embert 2004. Molecular studies on the genus Eumeces Wiegmann, 1834: phylogenetic relationships and taxonomic implications. Hamadryad 28 (1-2): 73 – 89 - get paper here
  • Shannon, F.A. 1956. The reptiles and amphibians of Korea. Herpetologica 12 (1): 22-49 - get paper here
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