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Plestiodon egregius BAIRD, 1858

IUCN Red List - Plestiodon egregius - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesPlestiodon egregius egregius BAIRD 1858
Plestiodon egregius insularis MOUNT 1965
Plestiodon egregius lividus MOUNT 1965
Plestiodon egregius onocrepis (COPE 1871)
Plestiodon egregius similis (MCCONKEY 1957) 
Common NamesMole Skink
egregius: Florida Keys Mole Skink
insularis:: 210 Cedar Key Mole Skink
lividus: Bluetail Mole Skink
onocrepis: Peninsula Mole Skink
similis: Northern Mole Skink 
SynonymPlestiodon egregius BAIRD 1858: 256
Eumeces egregius — TAYLOR 1936: 490
Eumeces egregius — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 135
Eumeces egregius — GRIFFITH, NGO & MURPHY 2000
Plestiodon egregius — SCHMITZ et al. 2004
Eumeces egregius — JENSEN et al. 2008: 305
Eumeces egregius egregius — MAYS et al. 2017

Plestiodon egregius insularis MOUNT 1965: 210
Plestiodon egregius insularis — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009

Plestiodon egregius lividus MOUNT 1965
Plestiodon egregius lividus — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009

Plestiodon egregius onocrepis (COPE 1871: 82)
Plistodon [sic] onocrepis COPE 1871: 82
Plestiodon egregius onocrepis — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Plestiodon egregius onocrepis — SCOTT et al. 2012

Plestiodon egregius similis (MCCONKEY 1957)
Eumeces egregius similis MCCONKEY 1957
Plestiodon egregius similis — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Plestiodon egregius similis — GUYER et al. 2018 
DistributionUSA (Alabama, S Georgia, Florida)

egregius: Florida keys and dry Tortugas. Type locality: Indian Key, Pinellas County, Florida.

similis: N Florida, Alamabama, S Georgia. Type locality: NW outskirts of Augusta, Richmond County, Georgia.

insularis: Levy county, Florida. Type locality: Cedar Key airstrip, Levy County, Florida.

onocrepis: Florida peninsula. Type locality: “, 1936), from Dummet's Plantation (=Dummett's Grove, near Allenhurst on Merritt I., Brevard County, Florida”.

lividus: Polk and Highlands counties, Florida. Type locality: E side of Hwy 27, 5.2 miles N Avon Park, Polk County, Florida.

TypesSyntypes: USNM 3127 (2 specimens)
Holotype: UF 12598.4 (Florida State Museum of Natural History) [insularis]
Holotype: UF 12642.1 (Florida State Museum of Natural History) [lividus]
Holotype: lost, formerly YPM (lost fide Taylor, 1936), from Dummet's Plantation (=Dummett's Grove, near Allenhurst on Merritt I;, Brevard County, Florida, fide Mount, 1965), collected by C.J. Maynard [onocrepis]
Holotype: UF 7647 (Florida State Museum of Natural History) [similis] 
CommentDistribution: for map of subspecies see Gibbons et al. 2009: 97 
  • Baird,S.F. 1859. Description of new genera and species of North American lizards in the museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 10: 253-256 [1858] - get paper here
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1993. STANDARDIZED CRITERIA FOR THE RECOGNITION OF REPRODUCTIVE MODES IN SQUAMATE REPTILES. Herpetologica 49 (1): 118-132 - get paper here
  • BRANDLEY, MATTHEW C.; OTA, HIDETOSHI; HIKIDA, TSUTOMU; NIETO MONTES DE OCA, ADRIAN; FERIA-ORTIZ, MANUEL; GUO, XIANGUANG; WANG, YUEZHAO 2012. The phylogenetic systematics of blue-tailed skinks (Plestiodon) and the family Scincidae. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 165 (1): 163-189 - get paper here
  • Collins, J.T. and T. W. Taggart 2009. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Sixth Edition. Center for North American Herpetology, 48 pp.
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Cope, Edward D. 1871. Catalogue of Reptilia and Batrachia obtained by C. J. Maynard in Florida. Second and Third Annual Reports of the Trustees of the Peabody Academy of Science for the years 1869 and 1870: 82-84
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Enge, Kevin M., Cody D. Godwin and Jonathan D. Mays. 2015. Geographic Distribution: Plestiodon egregius similis (northern mole skink). Herpetological Review 46 (2): 218 - get paper here
  • Enge, Kevin M., Cody D. Godwin, Paul E. Moler and Jonathan D. Mays. 2015. Plestiodon egregius onocrepis (peninsula mole skink) albinism. Herpetological Review 46 (2): 259 - get paper here
  • Gibbons, Whit; Judy Greene, and Tony Mills 2009. LIZARDS AND CROCODILIANS OF THE SOUTHEAST. University of Georgia Press, 240 pp.
  • Gilbert, Carter R. 1974. Catalogue of type specimens in the Department of Natural Sciences, Florida State Museum. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum Biological Sciences 18 (2): 102-120 - get paper here
  • Griffith, H., A. Ngo & R. W. Murphy 2000. A cladistic evaluation of the cosmopolitan genus Eumeces Wiegmann (Reptilia, Squamata, Scincidae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 7 (1): 1-16 - get paper here
  • Guyer, Craig; Mark A. Bailey, and Robert H. Mount 2018. Lizards and snakes of Alabama. University of Alabama Press - get paper here
  • Hill, E. Pierson. 2016. Geographic Distribution: Plestiodon egregius (Mole Skink). Herpetological Review 47 (1): 81-82 - get paper here
  • Jensen, J. B. & Stevenson, D. J. 2012. Plestiodon egregius (mole skink) mating activity. Herpetological Review 43: 650
  • Jensen, John B.; Carlos D. Camp, Whit Gibbons, & Matt J. Elliott 2008. Amphibians and reptiles of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, 575 pp.
  • Mays, Jonathan D., Enge, Kevin M., Emerick, Adam and Hill, E. Pierson 2017. New island records for reptiles in the Florida Keys, Monroe County, Florida, USA Herpetological Review 48 (1): 145-146 - get paper here
  • McConkey, Edwin H. 1957. The subspecies of Eumeces egregius, a lizard of the southeastern United States. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences 2 (2): 13-23 - get paper here
  • Mount, Robert H. 1963. The natural history of the red-tailed skink, Eumeces egregius Baird. American Midland Naturalist 70 (2): 356-385 - get paper here
  • Mount, Robert H. 1965. Variation and systematics of the scincoid lizard, Eumeces egregius (Baird). Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences 9 (5): 183-213 - get paper here
  • Mount, Robert H. 1968. Eumeces egregius. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (73): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Richmond, J.Q. 2006. Evolutionary basis of parallelism in North American scincid lizards. EVOLUTI ON & DEVELOPMENT 8 (6): 477–490
  • Schmitz, Andreas; Patrick Mausfeld and Dirk Embert 2004. Molecular studies on the genus Eumeces Wiegmann, 1834: phylogenetic relationships and taxonomic implications. Hamadryad 28 (1-2): 73 – 89 - get paper here
  • Schrey, Aaron W.; Kyle G. Ashton, Stacy Heath, Henry R. Mushinsky, and Earl D. McCoy 2012. Range-Wide Genetic Analysis of the Threatened Bluetail Mole Skink Identifies Similar Genetic Structure with Sympatric Lizards. Journal of Herpetology 46 (2): 241-247. - get paper here
  • Scott, J., Dye, D. et al. 2012. FHF snapshot. HerpNation 2.5 (8): 18-22 - get paper here
  • Stevenson, Dirk J.;Willis, Beth A. 1999. Geographic distribution. Eumeces egregius similis. Herpetological Review 30 (1): 52 - get paper here
  • Stuart, Gary W.; Karen Moffett and Jeffery J. Leader 2002. A Comprehensive Vertebrate Phylogeny Using Vector Representations of Protein Sequences from Whole Genomes. Mol. Biol. Evol. 19 (4):554–562
  • Taylor, E. H. 1936. A taxonomic study of the cosmopolitan lizards of the genus Eumeces with an account of the distribution and relationship of its species. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 23 (14): 1-643 [1935] - get paper here
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