You are here » home advanced search Plestiodon fasciatus

Plestiodon fasciatus (LINNAEUS, 1758)

IUCN Red List - Plestiodon fasciatus - Least Concern, LC

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Plestiodon fasciatus?

Add your own observation of
Plestiodon fasciatus »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesFive-lined Skink 
SynonymLacerta fasciata LINNAEUS 1758: 209
? Lacerta quinquelineata LINNAEUS 1766 (see comment)
Eumeces fasciatus — HEILPRIN 1888: 26
Eumeces fasciatus — TAYLOR 1936: 188
Eumeces fasciatus — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 128
Eumeces fasciatus — GRIFFITH, NGO & MURPHY 2000
Eumeces fasciatus — WHITING et al. 2003
Plestiodon fasciatus — SCHMITZ et al. 2004
Eumeces fasciatus — JENSEN et al. 2008: 308 
DistributionUSA (E Texas, E Oklahoma, E Kansas, Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, S Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, West Virginia, Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey, New York, W Connecticut, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, N Florida, Wisconsin, Michigan), SE Canada (Ontario)

Type locality: “Carolina”  
Reproductionoviparous. 
Types 
DiagnosisDiagnosis of the genus Eumeces (fide GRIFFITH et al. 2000): 26 – 34 presacral vertebrae. Limbs relatively slender, lamellae not expanded. Head somewhat depressed in lateral view. Skull with unindented parietal bones and near-complete or full closure of supratemporal fontanelle. Conspicuous sexual dimorphism (except in E. egregius, E. longirostris); males with proportionally larger, broader heads, due to expansion of quadrate bones and adductor mandibularis muscles. Scales of head smooth and shiny, not separated by deep sutures. Two loreals, followed by two presuboculars. Postnasal present or absent. Palpebral and superciliary scales not separated by groove. One to two pairs of nuchal scales. Mid-dorsal scales not broadened, not fused. Lateral preanal scales overlie medial preanal scales (convergent with some sphenomorphine lygosomines). Ear lobules inconspicuous. Juveniles dark, usually strongly striped, tails brilliantly colored, adults show reduction or loss of striping and tail coloration. From temperate North America south to northern Central America, Bermuda, and eastern Asia. 
CommentIt is uncertain whether the name L. quinquelineata is now referable to fasciata or to Scincus laticeps Schneider (1801), revived by Taylor (1932) as a member of the fasciatus complex, but there has never been any question that it applies to some member of that complex [SMITH 2005].

Type Species: GRIFFITH et al. (2000) designated Lacerta fasciata LINNAEUS 1758 as type species of the genus Eumeces with the following diagnosis of the genus Eumeces.

Type species: there is no type species of the genus Plestiodon. “The type has been lost and there is a confusing history of the name regardless.  The type was collected from the Carolinas and it was a classic five stripe with blue tail phenotype so it must've been P. fasciatus, P. inexpectatus, or P. laticeps.  Linneaus named it Plestiodon quinquelineatus.” (Matt Brandley, pers. comm. 22 Feb 2015). 
Etymology 
References
  • Allen, Morrow J. 1932. A survey of the Amphibians and reptiles of Harrison County, Mississippi. American Museum Novitates (542): 1-20 - get paper here
  • Bartlett, R. D. & Bartlett, P. 1999. A Field Guide to Texas Reptiles and Amphibians. Gulf Publishing Co., Houston, Texas, 331 pp.
  • Bateson, Zachary W.; John D. Krenz, and Robert E. Sorensen 2011. Multiple Paternity in the Common Five-lined Skink (Plestiodon fasciatus). Journal of Herpetology 45 (4): 504-510. - get paper here
  • Baxter-Gilbert, James, Julia L. Riley and Jacqueline D. Litzgus. 2013. Plestiodon fasciatus (five-lined skink) artificial habitat use. Herpetological Review 44 (4): 680-681
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1993. STANDARDIZED CRITERIA FOR THE RECOGNITION OF REPRODUCTIVE MODES IN SQUAMATE REPTILES. Herpetologica 49 (1): 118-132 - get paper here
  • Bogosian, Victor; Eric C. Hellgren, and Raymond W. Moody 2012. Assemblages of Amphibians, Reptiles, and Mammals on an Urban Military Base in Oklahoma. Southwestern Naturalist 57 (3): 277-284. - get paper here
  • BRANDLEY, MATTHEW C.; OTA, HIDETOSHI; HIKIDA, TSUTOMU; NIETO MONTES DE OCA, ADRIAN; FERIA-ORTIZ, MANUEL; GUO, XIANGUANG; WANG, YUEZHAO 2012. The phylogenetic systematics of blue-tailed skinks (Plestiodon) and the family Scincidae. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 165 (1): 163-189 - get paper here
  • Brazeau, Daniel, Richard Freitag, Stephen J. Hecnar and Darlene R. Hecnar. 2015. Comparing common five-lined skink (Plestiodon fasciatus) diet among populations and time. Herpetological Review 46 (3): 331-336
  • Brodman, Robert, Megan Gramhofer, Anastasia Marsh, Michael S. Finkler and James Horton. 2014. Geographic Distribution: Plestiodon fasciatus (common five-lined skink). Herpetological Review 45 (2): 283
  • Brown, Lauren E.; Funk, Richard S.; Moll, Don; Tucker, John K. 1975. Distributional notes on reptiles in Illinois. Herpetological Review 6 (3): 78-79 - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E. 1933. A collection of amphibians and reptiles from southern Missouri. American Midland Naturalist 14 (2): 170-173 - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E. 1933. A contribution to the herpetology of Kentucky. American Midland Naturalist 14 (6): 669-679 - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E. 1935. Further records of the ecology and distribution of amphibians and reptiles in the middle west. American Midland Naturalist 16 (3): 311-336 - get paper here
  • Chatfield, Matthew W. H., Matt Vance, Aimée Thomas and James R. Lee. 2014. Plestiodon fasciatus (five-lined skink) spider web entrapment. Herpetological Review 45 (2): 331
  • Clark, D. R., Jr.;Hall, R. J. 1970. Function of the blue tail-coloration of the five-lined skink (Eumeces fasciatus). Herpetologica 26 (2): 271-274 - get paper here
  • Cochran, Philip A. 2008. Foraging by Northern Prairie Skinks and Five-lined Skinks May Include Simultaneous Search and Prey Handling. Journal of Kansas Herpetology 25: 19-20 - get paper here
  • Conant, Roger 1938. The Reptiles of Ohio. American Midland Naturalist 20 (1): 1-200 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Duffus, Amanda L. J., Natalie B. Hays and Gregory D. Hartman. 2014. Geographic Distribution: Plestiodon fasciatus (common five-lined skink). Herpetological Review 45 (1): 92
  • Dury, R. 1932. Notes on Reptiles and Amphibians From Clifty Falls State Park, Jefferson County, Indiana Proc. Jr. Soc. Nat. Hist. Cincinnati 3 (2): 23-26
  • Edgren, Richard A. 1959. Hormonal control of red head coloration in the five-lined skink, Eumeces fasciatus Linnaeus. Herpetologica 15 (2): 155-158 - get paper here
  • Elmberg, J. 1980. Herpetological observations 77-78 [in Vernon county, Wisconsin]. Fältbiologerna Umea.
  • Fitch, Henry S. 1954. Life history and ecology of the five-lined skink, Eumeces fasciatus. University of Kansas Publications Museum of Natural History 8 (1): 1-156 + 2 plates - get paper here
  • Gibbons, Whit; Judy Greene, and Tony Mills 2009. LIZARDS AND CROCODILIANS OF THE SOUTHEAST. University of Georgia Press, 240 pp.
  • Goin, Coleman J. 1940. Does Eumeces fasciatus (Linnaeus) occur in Florida?. Copeia 1940 (1): 52 - get paper here
  • Gray, Brian S. and Mark Lethaby 2008. THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF ERIE COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 44(2): 49-69 - get paper here
  • Green, N.B., & Pauley, T.K. 1987. Amphibians and reptiles in West Virginia. Univ. of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, 241 pp.
  • Griffith, H., A. Ngo & R. W. Murphy 2000. A cladistic evaluation of the cosmopolitan genus Eumeces Wiegmann (Reptilia, Squamata, Scincidae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 7 (1): 1-16 - get paper here
  • Griffith,H. 1991. Heterochrony and evolution of sexual dimorphism in the fasciatus group of the scincid genus Eumeces. Journal of Herpetology 25 (1): 24-30 - get paper here
  • Hartzell, Sean M. 2017. Geographic Distribution: Plestiodon fasciatus (Common Five-lined Skink) Herpetological Review 48 (1): 126 - get paper here
  • Heilprin, A. 1888. On the affinities of the North-Amerian lizard fauna. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 1: 24-27 - get paper here
  • Howes, B.J. & Lougheed, S.C. 2004. The importance of cover rock in northern populations of the Five-lined Skink (Eumeces fasciatus). Herpetologica 60 (3): 287-294 - get paper here
  • Howes, B.J. & Lougheed, S.C. 2007. Male body size varies with latitude in a temprate lizard. Can. J. Zool. 85: 626-633
  • Howes,Briar J.; Bethany Lindsay and Stephen C. Lougheed 2006. Range-wide phylogeography of a temperate lizard, the five-lined skink (Eumeces fasciatus). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40 (1): 183-194 - get paper here
  • Jensen, John B.; Carlos D. Camp, Whit Gibbons, & Matt J. Elliott 2008. Amphibians and reptiles of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, 575 pp.
  • Kapfer, Joshua M., Jeffrey M. Lorch, Erik R. Wild, Donald J. Brown, Lisa Mitchem, Nicholas Rudolph, Karl Rutzen and Richard C. Vogt. 2015. Distributional records for amphibians and reptiles from Wisconsin, USA. Herpetological Review 46 (4): 587-590
  • Kessler, Ethan J., Andrew R. Kuhns, Cody M. Rhoden, Chris A. Phillips, Cassandra E. Cook, Amy K. Keigher and John A. Crawford. 2015. New county records of reptiles and amphibians from state-managed properties in Illinois. Herpetological Review 46 (4): 603-604
  • King, Richard B.; Oldham, Michael J.; Weller, Wayne F.; Wynn, Douglas. 1997. Historic and current amphibian and reptile distributions in the Island Region of Western Lake Erie. American Midland Naturalist 138(1):153-173 - get paper here
  • Kingman, R. H. 1932. A comparative study of the skull in the genus Eumeces of the family Scincidae. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 20 (15): 273-295 - get paper here
  • Leal, Francisca and Martha Patricia Ramírez-Pinilla 2010. Evolution and development of the extraembryonic membranes in lizards: Heterochronies and placentotrophy. Herp. Cons. Biol. 5 (2) - get paper here
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiæ. 10th Edition: 824 pp. - get paper here
  • Lönnberg, Einar 1894. Notes on reptiles and batrachians collected in Florida in 1892 and 1893. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 17 (1003): 317-339 - get paper here
  • Luef, H. 2008. North Carolinas südliche Küstenebene - Ein Paradies für Reptilienfreunde. Reptilia (Münster) 13 (70): 38-49 - get paper here
  • McAllister, Chris T. 2015. Plestiodon fasciatus (five-lined skink) diet. Herpetological Review 46 (3): 434
  • McCauley, R. H., Jr. 1939. Differences in the young of Eumeces fasciatus and Eumeces laticeps. Copeia 1939 (2): 93-95 - get paper here
  • McClintock, James B., Robert A. Angus and Ken R. Marion. 2015. Plestiodon fasciatus (five-lined skink) predation by fish. Herpetological Review 46 (3): 434-435
  • McIlhenny, E. A. 1937. Notes on the five lined skink. Copeia 1937 (4): 232-233 - get paper here
  • Meshaka Jr, Walter E.;, Jane Netting Huff & Robert C. Leberman 2008. Amphibians and Reptiles of Powdermill Nature Reserve in Western Pennsylvania. Journal of Kansas Herpetology 25: 12-18 - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J. C. & Reay, K.K. 1999. Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Virginia. Specialty Publication 1, VA Dept of Game and Fisheries, 122 pp. - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J.C. 1994. The reptiles of Virginia. Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries, ca. 350 pp.
  • Neill, Wilfred T.;Allen, E. Ross 1950. Eumeces fasciatus in Florida. Copeia 1950 (2): 156 - get paper here
  • Noble, G. K.;Mason, E. R. 1933. Experiments on the brooding habits of the lizards Eumeces and Ophisaurus. American Museum Novitates (619): 1-29 - get paper here
  • Palmer, W.M. & Braswell, A.L. 1995. Reptiles of North Carolina. Univ. North Carolina Press
  • Paulissen, Mark A. and Devyn A. Moran 2017. Intraspecific Aggression in Neonate Common Five-Lined Skinks (Plestiodon fasciatus) Journal of Herpetology 51 (4): 477-481 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E.R. & Vitt, L.J. 2003. Lizards - Windows to the Evolution of Diversity. University of California Press, Berkeley, 347 pp. [review in Copeia 2004: 955] - get paper here
  • Pyron, Robert Alexander; Camp, Carlos Duane 2007. Courtship and mating behaviours of two syntopic species of skink (Plestiodon anthracinus and Plestiodon fasciatus). Amphibia-Reptilia 28 (2): 263-268 - get paper here
  • Richmond, J.Q. 2006. Evolutionary basis of parallelism in North American scincid lizards. EVOLUTI ON & DEVELOPMENT 8 (6): 477–490
  • Schmitz, Andreas; Patrick Mausfeld and Dirk Embert 2004. Molecular studies on the genus Eumeces Wiegmann, 1834: phylogenetic relationships and taxonomic implications. Hamadryad 28 (1-2): 73 – 89 - get paper here
  • Schneider, JOHANN GOTTLOB 1801. Historiae Amphibiorum naturalis et literariae. Fasciculus secundus continens Crocodilos, Scincos, Chamaesauras, Boas. Pseudoboas, Elapes, Angues. Amphisbaenas et Caecilias. Frommanni, Jena. 374 pp. - get paper here
  • Seburn, Carolyn N. L. and Briar J. Howes. 2012. Common Five-lined Skink - Scinque pentaligne (Plestiodon fasciatus). The Canadian Herpetologist 2 (2): 10-11
  • Smith, Hobart M. 2005. Plestiodon: A Replacement Name for Most Members of the Genus Eumeces in North America. Journal of Kansas Herpetology 14: 15-16 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M.;Leonard, Arthur B. 1934. Distributional records of reptiles and amphibians in Oklahoma. American Midland Naturalist 15: 190-196 - get paper here
  • Stevenson, Dirk J., Christopher L. Jenkins, Kevin M. Stohlgren, John B. Jensen, David L. Bechler, Ian Deery, Daniel Duff, Sean P. Graham, Robb Herrington, Phillip Higgins, Robert V. Horan, III, Crystal Kelehear, Dylan Kelly, Kelsie Kincaid, Lance D. 2015. Significant new records of amphibians and reptiles from Georgia, USA. Herpetological Review 46 (4): 597-601
  • Stewart, James R. and Tom W. Ecay 2010. Patterns of maternal provision and embryonic mobilization of calcium in oviparous and viviparous squamate reptiles. Herp. Cons. Biol. 5 (2) - get paper here
  • Strickland, John M. and Gregory D. Hartman. 2015. New distribution records of amphibians and reptiles in West-Central Georgia, USA. Herpetological Review 46 (4): 601-602
  • Taylor, E. H. 1936. A taxonomic study of the cosmopolitan lizards of the genus Eumeces with an account of the distribution and relationship of its species. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 23 (14): 1-643 [1935] - get paper here
  • Taylor, Edward Harrison 1932. Eumeces laticeps: a neglected species of skink. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 20 (14): 263-271 - get paper here
  • Thawley, Christopher J. 2013. Geographic Distribution: Plestiodon fasciatus (common five-lined skink). Herpetological Review 44 (4): 626
  • Thawley, Christopher J. and Fern Graves. 2014. Geographical Distribution: Plestiodon fasciatus (common five-lined skink). Herpetological Review 45 (4): 661
  • Umbers, Kate D. L. 2013. On the perception, production and function of blue colouration in animals. Journal of Zoology 289: 229–242 - get paper here
  • Walley, Harlan D. 1997. Geographic Distribution. Eumeces fasciatus. Herpetological Review 28 (1): 50 - get paper here
  • Weller, W.H. 1930. Records of Some Reptiles and Amphibians from Chimney Rock Camp, Chimney Rock N. C., and Vicinity. Proc. Jr. Soc. Nat. Hist. Cincinnati 1 (8-9): 51-54 [unnumbered pages]
  • Weller, W.H. 1930. On a Recent Occurrence of the Blue-Tailed Skink in Hamilton Co. Proc. Jr. Soc. Nat. Hist. Cincinnati 1 (5-6): 29
  • Werning, H. 2009. Florida - ein kleiner herpetologischer Reiseführer. Draco 10 (37): 4-23 - get paper here
  • Whiting, A.S.; Aaron M. Bauer and Jack W. Sites, Jr. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships and limb loss in sub-Saharan African scincine lizards (Squamata: Scincidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 29 (3): 582-598 - get paper here
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:


Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator