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Plestiodon indubitus (TAYLOR, 1933)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymEumeces indubitus TAYLOR 1933
Eumeces indubitus — TAYLOR 1936: 466
Eumeces indubitus — TAYLOR 1943: 277
Eumeces brevirostris indubitus — DIXON 1969
Eumeces brevirostris indubitus — CASTRO-FRANCO & BUSTOS-ZAGAL 2003
Plestiodon brevirostris indubitus — LINER 2007
Plestiodon indubitus — FERIA-ORTIZ et al. 2011
Plestiodon indubitus — BRANDLEY et al. 2012 
DistributionMexico (Guerrero, Morelos, Michoacán)

Type locality: Kilometer 63 (Mexico-Cuernavaca highway), near Cuernavaca, Morelos.  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 
CommentSubspecies after LINER 1994.

Subspecies: FERIA-ORTIZ et al. 2011 provide evidence that P. b. brevirostris, P. b. bilineatus, P. b. dicei, and the eastern populations of P. b indubitus (from Morelos, Guerrero, and México) represent distinct species, whereas the western populations of P. b. indubitus (from Colima and Jalisco) represent an undescribed species. The data cannot resolve whether P. b. pineus is conspecific with P. b. dicei or P. b. dicei is a paraphyletic ( = nonexclusive) species relative to an exclusive P. b. pineus. Thus, the status of P. b. pineus remains uncertain. The haplotype phylogeny also suggests that P. b. brevirostris may represent more than one species. BRANDLEY et al. (2012) showed that bilineatus, dicei, and indubitus are paraphyletic with respect to other species and thus need to be split up. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “brevis, -e” = short and “rostrum” = beak, proboscis, trunk. 
References
  • BRANDLEY, MATTHEW C.; OTA, HIDETOSHI; HIKIDA, TSUTOMU; NIETO MONTES DE OCA, ADRIAN; FERIA-ORTIZ, MANUEL; GUO, XIANGUANG; WANG, YUEZHAO 2012. The phylogenetic systematics of blue-tailed skinks (Plestiodon) and the family Scincidae. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 165 (1): 163-189 - get paper here
  • Bryson, R. W., Linkem, C. W., Pavón-Vázquez, C. J., Nieto-Montes de Oca, A., Klicka, J. and McCormack, J. E. 2017. A phylogenomic perspective on the biogeography of skinks in the Plestiodon brevirostris group inferred from target enrichment of ultraconserved elements. J. Biogeogr.. doi:10.1111/jbi.12989 - get paper here
  • Castro Franco, R. & M. G. Bustos-Zagal 2003. Lagartijas de Morelos, México: distribución, hábitat y conservación. Acta Zoológica Mexicana (n.s.) 88:123-142 - get paper here
  • Dixon, J.R. 1969. Taxonomic review of the Mexican skinks of the Eumeces brevirostris group. Los Angeles County Museum Contributions in Science (168): 30 pp. - get paper here
  • Feria-Ortiz, Manuel; Norma L. Manríquez-Morán, and Adrián Nieto-Montes de Oca 2011. Species Limits Based on mtDNA and Morphological Data in the Polytypic Species Plestiodon brevirostris (Squamata: Scincidae). Herpetological Monographs 25 (1): 25-51 - get paper here
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • PALACIOS-AGUILAR, RICARDO & OSCAR FLORES-VILLELA 2018. An updated checklist of the herpetofauna from Guerrero, Mexico. Zootaxa 4422 (1): 1-24 - get paper here
  • PAVÓN-VÁZQUEZ, CARLOS J., ADRIÁN NIETO-MONTES DE OCA, ANDRÉS A. MENDOZA-HERNÁNDEZ, ERIC CENTENERO-ALCALÁ, SAMUEL A. SANTA CRUZ-PADILLA, VÍCTOR H. JIMÉNEZ-ARCOS 2017. A new species of Plestiodon (Squamata: Scincidae) from the Balsas Basin, Mexico Zootaxa 4365 (2): 149-172 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E. H. 1936. A taxonomic study of the cosmopolitan lizards of the genus Eumeces with an account of the distribution and relationship of its species. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 23 (14): 1-643 [1935] - get paper here
  • Taylor, E. H. 1943. Mexican lizards of the genus Eumeces, with comments on the recent literature on the genus. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 29 (5): 269-300 - get paper here
  • Taylor, Edward H. 1933. A new species of lizard from Mexico. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 21 (9): 257-262 [vol not in BHL] - get paper here
 
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