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Plestiodon inexpectatus (TAYLOR, 1932)

IUCN Red List - Plestiodon inexpectatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesSoutheastern Five-lined Skink 
SynonymEumeces inexpectatus TAYLOR 1932
Eumeces inexpectatus — TAYLOR 1936: 224
Eumeces inexpectatus — CONANT & COLLINS 1991
Eumeces inexpectatus — GRIFFITH, NGO & MURPHY 2000
Eumeces inexpectatus — WHITING et al. 2003
Plestiodon inexpectatus — SCHMITZ et al. 2004
Eumeces inexpectatus — JENSEN et al. 2008: 312 
DistributionUSA (E Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, S Maryland)

Type locality: Citrus county, Florida.  
TypesHolotype: KU 8232 (Univ. Kansas Museum Herpetological Coll.) 
EtymologyThe name inexpectatus probably refers to the unexpected discovery of this sibling species (which is very similar to P. fasciatus and P. laticeps). 
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1993. STANDARDIZED CRITERIA FOR THE RECOGNITION OF REPRODUCTIVE MODES IN SQUAMATE REPTILES. Herpetologica 49 (1): 118-132 - get paper here
  • BRANDLEY, MATTHEW C.; OTA, HIDETOSHI; HIKIDA, TSUTOMU; NIETO MONTES DE OCA, ADRIAN; FERIA-ORTIZ, MANUEL; GUO, XIANGUANG; WANG, YUEZHAO 2012. The phylogenetic systematics of blue-tailed skinks (Plestiodon) and the family Scincidae. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 165 (1): 163-189 - get paper here
  • Butterfield, B. P., Christy, C. C., Foster, A. R. & Vann, A. 2012. Geographic distribution: Plestiodon inexpectatus (southeastern five-lined skink). Herpetological Review 43: 619
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Gibbons, Whit; Judy Greene, and Tony Mills 2009. LIZARDS AND CROCODILIANS OF THE SOUTHEAST. University of Georgia Press, 240 pp.
  • Goldberg, S. R. 2017. Notes on the Testicular Cycle of Southeastern Five-lined Skinks, Plestiodon inexpectatus (Squamata: Scincidae), from North Carolina. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 52: 116 - get paper here
  • Griffith, H., A. Ngo & R. W. Murphy 2000. A cladistic evaluation of the cosmopolitan genus Eumeces Wiegmann (Reptilia, Squamata, Scincidae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 7 (1): 1-16 - get paper here
  • Griffith,H. 1991. Heterochrony and evolution of sexual dimorphism in the fasciatus group of the scincid genus Eumeces. Journal of Herpetology 25 (1): 24-30 - get paper here
  • Guyer, Craig; Mark A. Bailey, and Robert H. Mount 2018. Lizards and snakes of Alabama. University of Alabama Press - get paper here
  • Hromada, S J & Gienger, C M 2018. Geographic Distribution: Plestiodon inexpectatus (Southeastern Five-lined Skink) Herpetological Review 49 (3): 504 - get paper here
  • Jensen, John B.; Carlos D. Camp, Whit Gibbons, & Matt J. Elliott 2008. Amphibians and reptiles of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, 575 pp.
  • Mitchell, J. C. & Reay, K.K. 1999. Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Virginia. Specialty Publication 1, VA Dept of Game and Fisheries, 122 pp. - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J. C., McDaniel, W. & McDaniel, J. 2012. Plestiodon inexpectatus (southeastern five-line skink) bifurcation. Herpetological Review 43: 650
  • Mitchell, J.C. 1994. The reptiles of Virginia. Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries, ca. 350 pp.
  • Palmer, W.M. & Braswell, A.L. 1995. Reptiles of North Carolina. Univ. North Carolina Press
  • Reese, Robert W. 1949. The occurrence of Eumeces inexpectatus in Kentucky. Natural History Miscellanea (39): 1-2
  • Richmond, J.Q. 2006. Evolutionary basis of parallelism in North American scincid lizards. EVOLUTI ON & DEVELOPMENT 8 (6): 477–490
  • Rundquist, Eric M.;Collins, Joseph T. 1974. Distribution and life history notes on the southeastern five-lined skink, Eumeces inexpectatus Taylor, in Kentucky. Transactions of the Kentucky Academy of Science 35 (3-4): 79-80
  • Schmitz, Andreas; Patrick Mausfeld and Dirk Embert 2004. Molecular studies on the genus Eumeces Wiegmann, 1834: phylogenetic relationships and taxonomic implications. Hamadryad 28 (1-2): 73 – 89 - get paper here
  • Schweiger, M. 1995. Florida - herpetologische Eindrücke einer Rundreise. Elaphe 3 (3): 76-80
  • Seddon, Ryan and Matthew Klukowski. 2013. Secondary sexual coloration is related to white blood cell counts and testosterone in male southeastern Five-lined Skinks (Plestiodon inexpectatus). Amphibia-Reptilia 34 (4): 585-589 - get paper here
  • Steiner T M 1986. Eumeces inexpectatus Taylor. Southeastern five-lined skink. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 385: 1-2 - get paper here
  • Stevenson, Dirk J., Christopher L. Jenkins, Kevin M. Stohlgren, John B. Jensen, David L. Bechler, Ian Deery, Daniel Duff, Sean P. Graham, Robb Herrington, Phillip Higgins, Robert V. Horan, III, Crystal Kelehear, Dylan Kelly, Kelsie Kincaid, Lance D. 2015. Significant new records of amphibians and reptiles from Georgia, USA. Herpetological Review 46 (4): 597-601 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E. H. 1936. A taxonomic study of the cosmopolitan lizards of the genus Eumeces with an account of the distribution and relationship of its species. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 23 (14): 1-643 [1935] - get paper here
  • Taylor,E.H. 1932. Eumeces inexpectatus, a new American lizard of the family Scincidae. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 20 (13): 251-258 - get paper here
  • Whiting, A.S.; Aaron M. Bauer and Jack W. Sites, Jr. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships and limb loss in sub-Saharan African scincine lizards (Squamata: Scincidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 29 (3): 582-598 - get paper here
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