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Plestiodon kishinouyei (STEJNEGER, 1901)

IUCN Red List - Plestiodon kishinouyei - Least Concern, LR

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Kishinoue's Giant Skink, Japanese Skink 
SynonymEumeces kishinouyei STEJNEGER 1901: 190
Eumeces kishinouyei — STEJNEGER 1907: 210
Eumeces kishinouyei — TAYLOR 1936: 334
Eumeces kishinouyei — GRIFFITH, NGO & MURPHY 2000
Eumeces kishinouyei — CHEN et al. 2001
Plestiodon kishinouyei — SCHMITZ et al. 2004
Eumeces kishinouyei — GORIS & MAEDA 2004
Plestiodon kishinouyei — KURITA & TODA 2017 
DistributionJapan (southern Riu Kiu chain of islands: Miyakoshima, Ishigaki shima, Iriomote)

Type locality: Miyakoshima, Sakishima group, Riu Kiu.  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: ZUMT (also as TIU) 22 (Science Collection Museum Tokyo) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Taylor 1936: 334 
CommentThis species is classified as “near threatened” in Japan (Ota 2000).

Behavior: diurnal. However, Diaz-Sacco 2015 observed this species to be active on Iriomote-jima Island several times at night. Nocturnal activity was recorded mostly on rainy nights and exclusively in fall. 
EtymologyNamed in honour of Dr. K. Kishinouye, chief of the Fisheries Bureau, Imperial Department of Agriculture and Commerce, Tokyo. 
  • Barbour, Thomas 1909. Notes on Amphibia and Reptilia from Eastern Asia. Proc. New England zool. Club 4: 53-78, 2 plates - get paper here
  • BRANDLEY, MATTHEW C.; OTA, HIDETOSHI; HIKIDA, TSUTOMU; NIETO MONTES DE OCA, ADRIAN; FERIA-ORTIZ, MANUEL; GUO, XIANGUANG; WANG, YUEZHAO 2012. The phylogenetic systematics of blue-tailed skinks (Plestiodon) and the family Scincidae. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 165 (1): 163-189 - get paper here
  • Chen, Szu-Lung, Hidetoshi Ota and Tsutomu Hikida 2001. Geographic Variation in the Two Smooth Skinks, Scincella boettgeri and S. formosensis (Squamata: Scincidae), in the Subtropical East Asian Islands. Zoological Science 18 (1): 115-130 - get paper here
  • Diaz-Sacco, Juan Jose 2015. Nocturnal Activity Records of the Kishinoue's Giant Skink, Plestiodon kishinouyei, on Iriomote-Jima Island. Current Herpetology 34 (2): 172-176 - get paper here
  • Goris, R.C. & Maeda, N. 2004. Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Japan. Krieger, Malabar, 285 pp.
  • Griffith, H., A. Ngo & R. W. Murphy 2000. A cladistic evaluation of the cosmopolitan genus Eumeces Wiegmann (Reptilia, Squamata, Scincidae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 7 (1): 1-16 - get paper here
  • Kurita, K. & Toda, M. 2017. The role of ecological factors in determining phylogeographic and population genetic structure of two sympatric island skinks (Plestiodon kishinouyei and P. stimpsonii). Genetica; doi:10.1007/s10709-017-9960-3 - get paper here
  • Ota H 2000. The current geographic faunal pattern of reptiles and amphibians of the Ryukyu Archipelago and adjacent regions. Tropics 10: 51–62 - get paper here
  • Ota, H. 2000. Current status of the threatened amphibians and reptiles of Japan. Popul. Ecol. 42: 5-9 - get paper here
  • Schmitz, Andreas; Patrick Mausfeld and Dirk Embert 2004. Molecular studies on the genus Eumeces Wiegmann, 1834: phylogenetic relationships and taxonomic implications. Hamadryad 28 (1-2): 73 – 89 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, L. 1901. Diagnosis of eight new batrachians and reptiles from the Riu Kiu Archipelago, Japan. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 14: 189-191 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, LEONHARD H. 1907. Herpetology of Japan and adjacent territory. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 58: xx, 1-577 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E. H. 1936. A taxonomic study of the cosmopolitan lizards of the genus Eumeces with an account of the distribution and relationship of its species. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 23 (14): 1-643 [1935] - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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