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Plestiodon lagunensis (VAN DENBURGH, 1895)

IUCN Red List - Plestiodon lagunensis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: San Lucan Skink
S: Lincer de la Laguna 
SynonymEumeces lagunensis VAN DENBURGH 1895: 134
Plestiodon lagunensis — VAN DENBURGH & SLEVIN 1921: 28
Plestiodon skiltonianus lagunensis — NELSON 1921: 114
Plestiodon lagunensis — LOVERIDGE 1929
Eumeces lagunensis — TAYLOR 1936: 431
Eumeces lagunensis — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 167
Eumeces skiltonianus lagunensis — STEBBINS 1985: 149
Eumeces skiltonianus lagunensis — TANNER 1988
Eumeces lagunensis — LINER 1994
Eumeces lagunensis — GRIFFITH, NGO & MURPHY 2000
Plestiodon lagunensis — SCHMITZ et al. 2004 
DistributionMexico (Baja California Sur)

Type locality: San Francisquito, Sierra de la Laguna, Baja California.  
Reproductionoviparous (phylogenetic imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesNeotype: USNM 67398. Designated by Taylor (1936). Original syntypes: CAS 400 and 402 (destroyed in the earthquake of 1906). 
CommentPhylogenetics: P. lagunensis appears to be nested within P. skiltonianus in the analysis of RICHMOND (2006). 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Beaman, K. R., J. Q. Richmond and L. L. Grismer. 2004. Eumeces lagunensis. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (792): 1-3 - get paper here
  • BRANDLEY, MATTHEW C.; OTA, HIDETOSHI; HIKIDA, TSUTOMU; NIETO MONTES DE OCA, ADRIAN; FERIA-ORTIZ, MANUEL; GUO, XIANGUANG; WANG, YUEZHAO 2012. The phylogenetic systematics of blue-tailed skinks (Plestiodon) and the family Scincidae. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 165 (1): 163-189 - get paper here
  • Goldberg, Stephen R., Kent R. Beaman and Jeanette Arreola. 2013. Plestiodon lagunensis (San Lucan skink) reproduction. Herpetological Review 44 (3): 512-513 - get paper here
  • Griffith, H., A. Ngo & R. W. Murphy 2000. A cladistic evaluation of the cosmopolitan genus Eumeces Wiegmann (Reptilia, Squamata, Scincidae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 7 (1): 1-16 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. L. 1996. Geographic variation, taxonomy, and distribution of Eumeces skiltonianus and E. laguensis (Squamata: Scincidae) in Baja California, México. Amphibia-Reptilia 17 (4) : 361-375. - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. L.; McGuire, J. A. 1993. The oases of central Baja California, Mexico. Part I. A preliminary account of the relict mesophilic herpetofauna and the status of the oases. Bull. Southern California Acad. Sci. 92 (1): 2-24 - get paper here
  • Jones, L.L. & Lovich, R.E. 2009. Lizards of the American Southwest. A photographic field guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers, Tucson, AZ, 568 pp. [review in Reptilia 86: 84] - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1929. On Some Skinks of the Genus Eumeces from North America Copeia 173: 111-112. - get paper here
  • Nelson, Edward W. 1921. Lower California and Its Natural Resources. Memoirs National Academy of Sciences 16: 194 pp.
  • Peralta-García A, Valdez-Villavicencio JH, Fucsko LA, Hollingsworth BD, Johnson JD, Mata-Silva V, Rocha A, DeSantis DL, Porras LW, and Wilson LD. 2023. The herpetofauna of the Baja California Peninsula and its adjacent islands, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 17(1&2): 57–142
  • Richmond, J.Q. 2006. Evolutionary basis of parallelism in North American scincid lizards. EVOLUTI ON & DEVELOPMENT 8 (6): 477–490 - get paper here
  • Schmitz, Andreas; Patrick Mausfeld and Dirk Embert 2004. Molecular studies on the genus Eumeces Wiegmann, 1834: phylogenetic relationships and taxonomic implications. Hamadryad 28 (1-2): 73 – 89 - get paper here
  • Shedd, Jackson D. and Jonathan Q. Richmond. 2013. Conserved ontogeny of color pattern leads to the misdiagnosis of Scincid lizards of the Plestiodon skiltonianus species complex. Herpetological Review 44 (3): 417-420 - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M. & Taylor,E.H. 1950. An annotated checklist and key to the reptiles of Mexico exclusive of the snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 199: 1-253 - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Tanner, W.W. 1988. Eumeces skiltonianus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 447: 1-4 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E. H. 1936. A taxonomic study of the cosmopolitan lizards of the genus Eumeces with an account of the distribution and relationship of its species. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 23 (14): 1-643 [1935] - get paper here
  • Taylor, E. H. 1943. Mexican lizards of the genus Eumeces, with comments on the recent literature on the genus. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 29 (5): 269-300 - get paper here
  • Van Denburgh,J. 1895. A review of the herpetology of Lower California. Part I - Reptiles. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (2) 5: 77-163 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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