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Plestiodon stimpsonii (THOMPSON, 1912)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Stimpson's Skink 
SynonymEumeces stimpsonii THOMPSON 1912: 4
Eumeces ishigakiensis THOMPSON 1912
Eumeces ishigakiensis VAN DENBURGH 1912: 5
Lygosoma stimpsonii — BARBOUR 1917
Eumeces stimsonii — TAYLOR 1936: 260 (in error)
Eumeces stimsonii — SLEVIN & LEVITON 1956: 542 (in error)
Eumeces stimsonii — FRANK & RAMUS 1995 (in error)
Eumeces stimsonii [sic] — GRIFFITH, NGO & MURPHY 2000
Plestiodon stimpsonii — SCHMITZ et al. 2004
Eumeces stimpsonii — GORIS & MAEDA 2004
Plestiodon stimpsonii — KURITA & TODA 2017 
DistributionJapan (Yaeyama Group of the southern Ryukyus)

Type locality: Ishigaki Island, Loo Choo Islands, Japan.  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: CAS 21645
Holotype: CAS 21666 [ishigakiensis] 
CommentSynonymy: HIKIDA 1989.

Distribution: Map: KURITA & HIKIDA 2014: 188

Etymology: not given in original description. 
EtymologyThompson doesn’t give a derivation for the name. However, the species is described as being allied to marginatus. The types of marginatus were collected by William Stimpson (1832-1872), chief zoologist of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition of 1853-56, led by Captain John Rodgers. (Glenn Shea, pers. comm., 2 Feb 2024)
  • Barbour, T. 1917. A most regretable tangle of names. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (44): 1-9 - get paper here
  • BRANDLEY, MATTHEW C.; OTA, HIDETOSHI; HIKIDA, TSUTOMU; NIETO MONTES DE OCA, ADRIAN; FERIA-ORTIZ, MANUEL; GUO, XIANGUANG; WANG, YUEZHAO 2012. The phylogenetic systematics of blue-tailed skinks (Plestiodon) and the family Scincidae. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 165 (1): 163-189 - get paper here
  • Goris, R.C. & Maeda, N. 2004. Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Japan. Krieger, Malabar, 285 pp.
  • Griffith, H., A. Ngo & R. W. Murphy 2000. A cladistic evaluation of the cosmopolitan genus Eumeces Wiegmann (Reptilia, Squamata, Scincidae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 7 (1): 1-16 - get paper here
  • Hikida T 1989. The Ryukyu Blue-tailed Skink, Eumeces marginatus Not Distributed in Taiwan. Journal of Taiwan Museum 42 (1): 81-88 - get paper here
  • Hikida T. & Ota H. 1997. Biogeography of reptiles in the subtropical East Asian Islands. Proc. Symposium Phylogeny, Biogeography Cons. Fauna Flora East Asian Region, pp. 11-28
  • Hikida, T. & Motokawa, J. 1999. Phylogeographical relationships of the skinks of the genus Eumeces (Reptilia; Scincidae) in East Asia. in: Ota, H. (ed.) Tropical Island Herpetofauna, pp. 231-247 - get paper here
  • Kurita, K. & Toda, M. 2017. The role of ecological factors in determining phylogeographic and population genetic structure of two sympatric island skinks (Plestiodon kishinouyei and P. stimpsonii). Genetica; doi:10.1007/s10709-017-9960-3 - get paper here
  • Okamoto, Taku 2016. Historical Biogeography of the Terrestrial Reptiles of Japan: A Comparative Analysis of Geographic Ranges and Molecular Phylogenies. Species Diversity of Animals in Japan, pp 135-163; DOI<br />10.1007/978-4-431-56432-4_5 - get paper here
  • Schmitz, Andreas; Patrick Mausfeld and Dirk Embert 2004. Molecular studies on the genus Eumeces Wiegmann, 1834: phylogenetic relationships and taxonomic implications. Hamadryad 28 (1-2): 73 – 89 - get paper here
  • Slevin, Joseph R.;Leviton, Alan E. 1956. Holotype specimens of reptiles and amphibians in the collection of the California Academy of Sciences. [type catalogue] Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 28 (14): 529-560 - get paper here
  • Thompson, J.C. 1912. Herpetological notices, No. 2. Prodrome of descriptions of new species of Reptilia and Batrachia from the Far East. Privately published, San Francisco.
  • Van Denburgh, J. 1912. Advance diagnoses of new reptiles and amphibians from the Loo Choo Islands and Formosa. Privately published by author, San Francisco. 8 pages.
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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