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Podarcis bocagei (SEOANE, 1885)

IUCN Red List - Podarcis bocagei - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesG: Nordwestibersiche Mauereidechse, Bocages Mauereidechse 
SynonymLacerta muralis var. bocagei SEOANE 1885: 18
Lacerta muralis var. bocagii — ZOOLOGICAL RECORD 1885: 15
Lacerta muralis bocagei — GALÁN 1931
Lacerta muralis bocagei — WERNER 1931
Lacerta bocagei bocagei — MERTENS & MÜLLER 1928
Lacerta hispanica bocagei — KLEMMER 1959
Podarcis bocagei — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Podarcis bocagei — ARNTZEN & SÁ-SOUSA 2007 
DistributionNW/WC Spain, N/W/EC Portugal (Berlenga Island, westnorth-west of Cape Carvoeiro)

bocagei: from NW Iberia (e.g. W Asturias, Cantabria, Galicia,
north of Portugal) to the Portuguese region of Extremadura, north of Lisbon (Galán, 1986; Pérez-Mellado, 1986, 1997, 1998). The southern range of P. b. bocagei was re-established south of the river Douro, northern Portugal

Type locality: La Coruña, NE Spain (restricted by MERTENS & MÜLLER 1928) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesType: BMNH 1946.9.1.23 (and possibly additional specimens). 
CommentSubspecies: Podarcis bocagei carbonelli PEREZ MELLADO 1981 has been elevated to full species status (Sá-Sousa & Harris, 2002).

Synonymy: partly after PÉREZ-MELLADO 1981. Harris & Sá-Sousa (2001) showed that Podarcis bocagei berlengensis VICENTE, 1985 is indistinguishable from P. carbonelli and thus relegated the first to the latter.

According to Sa-Sousa (2002) males of bocagei usually have thick black reticulations, whereas the carbonelli ones have thin diffused reticulations or speckled patterns. Males of both species have bright green dorsal colorations
during the mating period (e.g. MBC, FKC). Only the males of carbonelli typically show blue spots on the outer ventral scales (BGS). The bellies of bocagei are coloured (VTC), while carbonelli have whitish bellies. The two species also present differences in terms of scalation traits (Kaliontzopoulou et al. 2005). Females have significantly less reticulated flanks (FKD), less pigmentationon the body (e.g. CPP, VTP, BGS) and less green patterns (MBC, FKC), than respective males. Females generally attain a smaller body size, having longer trunks, but smaller heads and shorter limbs than males (Kaliontzopoulou et al. 2007, 2008, 2010a, 2010b).

Variation: Podarcis hispanica is a genetically (Kaliontzopoulou et al. 2011) and morphologically (Carretero 2008; Kaliontzopoulou et al. 2012) very diverse species. In fact, P. bocagei and P. (bocagei) carbonelli are nested within the P. hispanica clade based on DNA sequence data (PINHO et al. 2005; Kaliontzopoulou et al. 2011). 
EtymologyNamed after José Vicente Barboza du Bocage (Funchal, 1823-Lisboa, 1907), Portugese naturalist. 
  • Amaral, Maria José; Rita C. Bicho, Miguel A. Carretero, Juan C. Sanchez-Hernandez, Augusto M.R. Faustino,Amadeu M.V.M. Soares, Reinier M. Mann 2012. The usefulness of mesocosms for ecotoxicity testing with lacertid lizards. Acta Herpetologica 7 (2): 263-280 - get paper here
  • Arntzen, J.W. & Sá-Sousa, P. 2007. Morphological and Genetical Differentiation of Lizards (Podarcis bocagei and P. hispanica) in the Ria de Arosa Archipelago (Galicia, Spain) Resulting from Vicariance and Occasional Dispersal. in: W. Renema (ed.), Biogeography, Time and Place: Distributions, Barriers and Islands, Springer Verlag, pp. 365–401
  • Carretero MA. 2008. Assessment of the specific status of a group with complex systematics: the Iberomaghrebian lizard genus Podarcis (Squamata, Lacertidae). Integrative Zoology 4: 247-266
  • Engelmann,W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Galán, Pedro 2014. Herpetofauna del Parque Natural das Fragas do Eume (A Coruña): distribución, estado de conservación y amenazas. Basic and Applied Herpetology 28: 113-136 - get paper here
  • García-Muñoz, Enrique; Francisco Ceacero, Luis Pedrajas, Antigoni Kaliontzopoulou, Miguel Á. Carretero 2011. Tail tip removal for tissue sampling has no short-term effects on microhabitat selection by Podarcis bocagei, but induced autotomy does. Acta Herpetologica 6 (2): 223-227 - get paper here
  • Harris, D. J. and P. Sá-Sousa 2001. Species Distinction and Relationships of the Western Iberian Podarcis Lizards (Reptilia, Lacertidae) Based on Morphology and Mitochondrial DNA Sequences. The Herpetological Journal 11 (4):129-136
  • Kaliontzopoulou A, Carretero MA, Llorente GA. 2008. Interspecific and intersexual variation in presacral vertebrae number in Podarcis bocagei and P . carbonelli. Amphibia-Reptilia 29: 288-292 - get paper here
  • Kaliontzopoulou A, Carretero MA, Llorente GA. 2010. Sexual dimorphism in traits related to locomotion: ontogenetic patterns of variation in Podarcis wall lizards. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 99: 530-543 - get paper here
  • Kaliontzopoulou A, Carretero MA, Llorente GA. 2010. Intraspecific ecomorphological variation: linear and geometric morphometrics reveal habitat-related patterns within Podarcis bocagei wall lizards. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 23: 1234-1244
  • Kaliontzopoulou, A., Carretero, M.A. & Llorente, G., 2012. Morphology of Podarcis wall lizards from the Iberian Peninsula and North Africa: patterns of variation in a putative cryptic species complex. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 164: 173-193
  • Kaliontzopoulou, A., Pinho, C., Harris, D.J. & Carretero, M.A., 2011. When cryptic diversity blurs the picture: a cautionary tail from Iberian and North African Podarcis wall lizards. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 103: 779-800 - get paper here
  • Kaliontzopoulou, Antigoni; Carretero, Miguel A. 2006. Podarcis bocagei (Bocage's Wall Lizard). Abnormal Scalation. Herpetological Review 37 (4): 470-471 - get paper here
  • Kaliontzopoulou, Antigoni; Carretero, Miguel A. & Gustavo A. Llorente 2007. Multivariate and Geometric Morphometrics in the Analysis of Sexual Dimorphism Variation in Podarcis Lizards. J. Morphol. 268:152–165
  • Kwet, A. 2010. Reptilien und Amphibien Europas. Kosmos-Verlag, Stuttgart, 252 pp.
  • Kwet, Axel & Benny Trapp 2014. Liste der Reptilien Europas. Draco 15 (60): 72-79 - get paper here
  • Kwet, Axel & Benny Trapp 2014. Iberische Gebirgseidechsen und Spanische Mauereidechsen – zwei evolutionsbiologische Modellfälle. Draco 15 (60): 66-71 - get paper here
  • Malkmus, R. 1995. Die Amphibien und Reptilien Portugals, Madeiras und der Azoren. Die Neue Brehm-Bücherei, Bd. 621. Westarp Wissenschaften (Magdeburg)/Spektrum Akademischer Verlag (Heidelberg)
  • Malkmus, Rudolf 2003. Daten zur Winteraktivität portugesischer Echsen (Sauria). Die Eidechse 14 (2)
  • Meinig, Holger & Schlüpmann, M. 1987. Herpetologische Eindrücke einer Iberienreise. Herpetofauna 9 (49): 11-24 - get paper here
  • Mellado,V.P. 1986. Podarcis bocagei - Nordwestsibirische Mauereidechse. In: Böhme,W. (ed.), Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas, Band 2/II., Echsen III (Podarcis). Aula-Verlag Wiesbaden, pp. 15-24
  • Ortega Z, Mencía A, Pérez-Mellado V. 2016. Are mountain habitats becoming more suitable for generalist than cold-adapted lizards thermoregulation? PeerJ 4:e2085 - get paper here
  • Perez-Mellado, V. 1981. Nuevos Datos sobre la Sistematica y Distribucion de Podarcis bocagei (SeoaNe, 1884) (Sauria, Lacertidae) en la Peninsula Iberica. Amphibia-Reptilia 2: 259-265
  • Perez-Mellado, V. 1986. Los anfibios y reptiles [of the Iberian Peninsula]. Penthalon, Madrid 145 pp.
  • Pinho, C.; Harris, D.J. & Ferrand, N. 2008. Non-equilibrium estimates of gene flow inferred from nuclear genealogies suggest that Iberian and North African wall lizards (Podarcis spp.) are an assemblage of incipient species. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2008, 8:63
  • Pinho, Catarina; Nuno Ferrand and D. James Harris 2005. Reexamination of the Iberian and North African Podarcis (Squamata: Lacertidae) phylogeny based on increased mitochondrial DNA sequencing. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 38 (1): 266-273 [2006] - get paper here
  • Regalado, Pedro Galán 1994. Demografía y dinámica de una población de Podarcis bocagei. Revista Española de Herpetología 8: 142-144
  • Roca, Vicente 2015. Parasite specificity in Podarcis bocagei and P. carbonelli (Lacertidae) from NW Portugal: a host-parasite history. Basic and Applied Herpetology 29: - get paper here
  • Sá-Sousa, P. & D. J. Harris 2002. Podarcis carbonelli Perez-Mellado, 1981 is a distict species. Amphibia-Reptilia 23 (4): 459-468 - get paper here
  • Sá-Sousa, S.P.; Almeida, A.P.; Rosa, H.; Vicente, L.; Crespo, E.G. 2000. Genetic and morphological relationships of the Berlenga wall lizard (Podarcis bocagei berlengensis: Lacertidae). Journal of Zoological Systematics & Evolutionary Research 38(2):95-102.
  • Seoane,V.L. 1885. Identidad de Lacerta schreiberi (Bedriaga) y Lacerta viridis var. Gadovii (BOULENGER), é investigaciones herpetologicas de Galicia. La Coruña [1884]: 19 pp.
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Werner,F. 1931. Ergebnisse einer zoologischen Forschungsreise nach Marokko. III. Unternommen 1930 mit Unterstützung der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien von Franz Werner und Richard Ebner. III. Amphibien und Reptilien. Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien Mathem.-Naturw., Sect. 1, 140: 272-318 - get paper here
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