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Podarcis hispanicus (STEINDACHNER, 1870)

IUCN Red List - Podarcis hispanicus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesPodarcis hispanicus hispanicus STEINDACHNER 1870
Podarcis hispanicus cebennensis GUILLAUME & GENIEZ in FRETEY 1986
Podarcis hispanicus sebastiani (KLEMMER 1964) 
Common NamesE: Iberian Wall Lizard
G: Spanische Mauereidechse
D: Spaanse Muurhagedis 
SynonymLacerta oxycephala var. hispanica STEINDACHNER 1870: 336
Lacerta muralis fusca var. hesperica SCHREIBER 1912
Lacerta hispanica — SCHREIBER 1912
Lacerta hispanica — TRUTNAU 1975
Podarcis hispanica — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Podarcis hispanica — SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996: 437
Podarcis hispanicus — BÖHME & KÖHLER 2005
Podarcis liolepis — GENIEZ et al. 2008

Podarcis hispanicus cebennensis GUILLAUME & GENIEZ in FRETEY 1986
Podarcis hispanicus cebennensis — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Podarcis hispanicus cebennensis — BERRONEAU 2010: 68

Podarcis hispanicus sebastiani (KLEMMER 1964)
Podarcis hispanicus sebastiani — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008 
DistributionPortugal, Spain (incl. Columbrete Islands), Gibraltar, S France,
N Morocco (in the Haut Atlas up to 3100 m), N Algeria, N Tunisia

hispanica: restricted to SE Spain; Type locality: Alicante, Spanien and Monte Agudo, Murcia.

sebastiani: Mt. Urgull and the island of Santa Clara (off San Sebastian, The Basque Country, Spain) (Bea et al., 1986).

cebennensis: SW France and North of Catalonia, Spain.

Type locality: Mount Agudo, near Murcia (SE Spain), restricted by Mertens and Müller (1928). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesSyntypes: NMW 16087:1,2, NMW 16088:1-11 
CommentSubspecies: PEREZ-MELLADO in SALVADOR 1998 has invalidated Podarcis hispanica cebennensis and P. h. sebastiani. P. vaucheri has been elevated to species status. Podarcis hispanica atrata (BOSCÁ, 1916) has been elevated to full species status.

Synonymy: partly after TIEDEMANN et al. 1994.

Podarcis hispanica is a genetically (Kaliontzopoulou et al. 2011) and morphologically (Carretero 2008; Kaliontzopoulou et al. 2012) very diverse species. In fact, P. bocagei and P. carbonelli are nested within the P. hispanica clade based on DNA sequence data (PINHO et al. 2005).

Pérez-Mellado (1981) separated the greenish Bocage wall lizard P. bocagei Seoane, 1884, a species endemic to NW Iberia, from the sympatric P. hispanica. Guillaume (1987) suggested this NW Iberian P. hispanica to be its ‘lusitanica’ form. Pérez-Mellado and Galindo (1986) grouped all Iberian forms under the nominal subspecies, including P. h. atrata, but leaving P. h. vaucheri as a subspecies exclusive to NW Africa.

Biometry clearly splits Podarcis hispanica into two different types (Sá-Sousa et al. 2002). Differences in scalation between the two types were not clear, but multiple correspondence analyses showed that different chromatic patterns é t each of the types: one presented dark dorsal patterns (e.g. reticulated, eyeled, striped) and whitish-pearly belly, while the other showed green or yellow-brown patterns and yellow-orange belly. These two morphotypes constitute different molecular lineages and have different ranges of distribution. A recent morphological examination of the entire clade of P. hispanica revealed very extensive variation within mitochondrial lineages and no diagnostic traits (Kaliontzopoulou et al. 2012). 
  • Arntzen, J.W. & Sá-Sousa, P. 2007. Morphological and Genetical Differentiation of Lizards (Podarcis bocagei and P. hispanica) in the Ria de Arosa Archipelago (Galicia, Spain) Resulting from Vicariance and Occasional Dispersal. in: W. Renema (ed.), Biogeography, Time and Place: Distributions, Barriers and Islands, Springer Verlag, pp. 365–401
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  • Carretero MA. 2008. Assessment of the specific status of a group with complex systematics: the Iberomaghrebian lizard genus Podarcis (Squamata, Lacertidae). Integrative Zoology 4: 247-266
  • Castilla, Aurora M.;Fernandez-Pedrosa, Victoria;Harris, D. James;Gonzalez, Ana;Latorre, Amparo;Moya, Andr_s 1998. Mitochondrial DNA divergence suggests that Podarcis hispanica atrata (Squamata: Lacertidae) from the Columbretes Islands merits specific dictinction. Copeia 1998 (4): 1037-1040 - get paper here
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  • Garcia-Muñoz, Enrique and Miguel Angel Carretero. 2013. Comparative ecophysiology of two sympatric lizards. Laying the groundwork for mechanistic distribution models. Acta Herpetologica 8 (2): 123-128 - get paper here
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