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Podarcis peloponnesiacus (BIBRON & BORY, 1833)

IUCN Red List - Podarcis peloponnesiacus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesPodarcis peloponnesiacus lais (BUCHHOLZ, 1960)
Podarcis peloponnesiacus peloponnesiacus (BIBRON & BORY, 1833)
Podarcis peloponnesiacus thais (BUCHHOLZ, 1960) 
Common NamesE: Peloponnese Wall Lizard
G: Peloponnesische Eidechse 
SynonymLacerta peloponnesiaca BIBRON & BORY 1833: 66
Lacerta peloponnesiaca — WERNER 1895: 470
Podarcis peloponnesiaca — BISCHOFF & BISCHOFF 1980
Podarcis peloponnesiaca — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Podarcis peloponnesiaca — PLESSAS 2002
Podarcis peloponnesiacus — BÖHME & KÖHLER 2005

Podarcis peloponnesiacus lais (BUCHHOLZ, 1960)
Lacerta peloponnesiaca lais BUCHHOLZ, 1960
Lacerta peloponnesiaca phryne BUCHHOLZ 1960
Lacerta peloponnesiaca lais — TIEDEMANN et al. 1994: 44
Podarcis peloponnesiacus lais — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008

Podarcis peloponnesiacus thais (BUCHHOLZ, 1960)
Lacerta peloponnesiaca thais BUCHHOLZ 1967
Lacerta peloponnesiaca thais — TIEDEMANN et al. 1994: 44
Podarcis peloponnesiacus thais — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Podarcis peloponnesiacus thais — KWET & TRAPP 2014 
DistributionGreece (Peloponnese, provinces Lakonia, Messenia and Arkadia, Achaia, Ilis [?], Argolis)

lais: Greece (Achaia, Ilis); paratype locality: Vythinia, ca. 1100 m elevation, Peloponnes

peloponnesiaca: Lakonia, Messinia, Arkadia.

thais: Argolis, Korinthia. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZFMK 12115, paratypes in ZFMK, NMW, MM and MTKD [lais]
Holotype: ZFMK 12263, paratypes in ZFMK and NMW [phryne]
Holotype: ZFMK 12261, paratypes in ZFMK, NMW and MTKD [thais] 
CommentLargest Podarcis species in Europe, reaching 25 cm total length (8 cm snout-vent length).

Lymberakis et al. (2008) found P. erhardii polyphyletic with respect to P. peloponnesiacus. As a consequence they described 2 new species whose populations were previously assigned to P. erhardii, namely P.levendis and P. cretensis. Alternatively, they could have synonymized P. peloponnesiacus with P. erhardii to avoid polyphyly. 
References
  • Bauer, Luc 2005. Eb week op de Peloponnesus. Lacerta 63 (3): 92-107 - get paper here
  • Bedriaga, J.v. 1883. Die Amphibien und Reptilien Griechenlands. Zool. Anz. 6: 216-220
  • Bibron & BORY 1833. Vertébrés a sang froid. Reptiles et poissons. Reptiles. In: Geoffroy & Geoffroy, Expédition Scientifique de Morée, Tome III. 1re partie, Zoologie: pp. 57- - get paper here
  • Bischoff, W. & Bischoff, U. 1980. Einige Bemerkungen zur Herpetofauna des Peloponnes. Herpetofauna 2 (4): 17-22 - get paper here
  • Bringsoe,H. 1986. Podarcis peloponnesiaca - Peloponneseidechse. In: Böhme,W. (ed.), Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas, Band 2/II., Echsen III (Podarcis). Aula-Verlag Wiesbaden, pp. 209-230
  • Buchholz, K. F. 1960. Zur Kenntnis von Lacerta peloponnesiaca (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Bonn. zool. Beitr. 11: 87-107. - get paper here
  • Engelmann,W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Kwet, A. 2010. Reptilien und Amphibien Europas. Kosmos-Verlag, Stuttgart, 252 pp.
  • Kwet, Axel & Benny Trapp 2014. Liste der Reptilien Europas. Draco 15 (60): 72-79 - get paper here
  • Kwet, Axel & Benny Trapp 2014. Reptilien in Europa – eine aktuelle Übersicht. Draco 15 (60): 6-25 - get paper here
  • Lymberakis, P.; N. Poulakakis, A. Kaliontzopoulou, E. Valakos & M. Mylonas 2008. Two new species of Podarcis (Squamata; Lacertidae) from Greece. Systematics and Biodiversity 6 (3): 307–318 - get paper here
  • Machts, Tobias 2010. Die Amphibien und Reptilien der Peloponnes-Halbinsel. Draco 11 (42): 65-72
  • MARAGOU, P. & VALAKOS, E. D. & GIANNOPOULOS, Z. & STAVROPOULOU, A. & CHONDROPOULOS, B. 1996. Spring aspect of feeding ecology in Podarcis peloponnesiaca (BIBRON & BORY, 1833). Herpetozoa 9 - get paper here
  • Meyer, A. 1985. Die Reptilienfauna des südlichen Peleponnes. Sauria 7 (1): 13-16 - get paper here
  • Plessas, A. 2002. Herp hound experience in Greece. Reptilia (GB) (21): 8-10 - get paper here
  • Poulakakis, N., P. Lymberakis; E. Valakos; E. Zouros and M. Mylonas 2005. Phylogenetic relationships and biogeography of Podarcis species from the Balkan Peninsula, by bayesian and maximum likelihood analyses of mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 37 (3): 845-857 - get paper here
  • Poulakakis, N.; P. Lymberakis, A. Antoniou, D. Chalkia, E. Zouros, M. Mylonas and E. Valakos 2003. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of the wall-lizard Podarcis erhardii (Squamata: Lacertidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 28 (1): 38-46 - get paper here
  • Rovatsos, Michail; Jasna Vukić, Marie Altmanová, Martina Johnson Pokorná, Jiří Moravec and Lukáš Kratochvíl 2016. Conservation of sex chromosomes in lacertid lizards. Molecular Ecology, DOI: 10.1111/mec.13635 - get paper here
  • Rutschke, J.; Koepe, D. & Deichsel, G. 2005. Beobachtungen zu anthropogenen Einflüssen auf die Reptilienfauna des Peloponnes (Griechenland). Herpetofauna 25 (143): 17-28 [2003/2004] - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Speybroeck, J. 2007. Enkele bedenkingen bij de Nederlandse namenlijst van de Europese herpetofauna en een reactie op Bauer. Lacerta 65 (1): 16-31 - get paper here
  • Tiedemann,F.; Häupl,M. & Grillitsch,H. 1994. Katalog der Typen der herpetologischen Sammlung nach dem Stand vom 1. Jänner 1994. Teil II: Reptilia. Kat. wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 10 (Vertebrata 4): 1-110
  • Trapp, B. 2003. Podarcis peloponnesiaca (BIBRON & BORY 1833), Peloponnes-Mauereidechse. Reptilia (Münster) 8 (44): 51-54 - get paper here
  • Trapp, B. 2005. Die Eidechsen Griechenlands. Draco 5 (21): 38-41 - get paper here
  • Trapp, B. 2007. Reptilien und Amphibien des griechischen Festlandes. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 300 pp. - get paper here
  • Valakos, Efstratios D.; Andriani Kourkouli, Margarita Skopeliti, Panayiotis Pafilis, Nikolaos Poulakakis, Ioannis F. Voutsas, Petros Lymberakis, Chrisi Simou, Wolfgang Voelter and Ourania E. Tsitsilonis 2007. Combining immunological and molecular data to assess phylogenetic relations of some Greek Podarcis species. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 147 (1): 1-10
  • Werner, F. 1895. Schlußantwort an Herrn Dr. v. Bedriaga. Zool. Anz. 18: 469-470 - get paper here
 
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