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Podarcis tiliguerta (GMELIN, 1789)

IUCN Red List - Podarcis tiliguerta - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesPodarcis tiliguerta contii LANZA & BRIZZI 1977
Podarcis tiliguerta eiselti (LANZA 1972)
Podarcis tiliguerta granchii LANZA & BRIZZI 1974
Podarcis tiliguerta grandisonae (LANZA 1972)
Podarcis tiliguerta maresi (LANZA 1972)
Podarcis tiliguerta pardii LANZA & BRIZZI 1974
Podarcis tiliguerta ranzii (LANZA 1966)
Podarcis tiliguerta rudolphisimonii BRIZZI & LANZA 1975
Podarcis tiliguerta tiliguerta (GMELIN 1789)
Podarcis tiliguerta toro (MERTENS 1932) 
Common NamesG: Tyrrhenische Mauereidechse 
SynonymLacerta tiliguerta GMELIN in LINNAEUS 1789: 1070
Lacerta muralis tiliguerta — MERTENS 1932: 242
Lacerta muralis tiliguerta — TADDEI 1949: 245
Podarcis tiliguerta — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Podarcis tiliguerta — ARNOLD et al. 2007

Podarcis tiliguerta contii LANZA & BRIZZI 1977
Podarcis muralis contii LANZA & BRIZZI 1977

Podarcis tiliguerta ranzii (LANZA 1966)
Podarcis tiliguerta ranzii — CORTI et al. 2008
Podarcis tiliguerta ranzii — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008

Podarcis tiliguerta toro (MERTENS 1932)
Lacerta muralis toro MERTENS 1932: 246
Lacerta muralis toro — TADDEI 1949: 246
Lacerta muralis toro — LANZA 1954: 133
Podarcis tiliguerta toro — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008 
DistributionItaly (Sardinia, Isola Piana di Cavallo, Isola Pietricaggiosa, Isola Piana and Islotto Maestro Maria, Isole Poraggia Grande and Piccola, Isola Vacca, Toro Piccolo and Grande, Isola Giraglia, Isolotto Molarotto, Macinaggio Islands, Isole Porro and Locca, Isolotto di Toro)
France (Corsica)

contii: France (Corsica); Type locality: Piana di Cavallo Island, Corsica, France.

eiselti: France (Corsica); Type locality: Pietricaggiosa and Maestro Maria islands, Corsica, France

granchii: France (Corsica); Type locality: Poraggia Piccola and Poraggia Grande islets, Corsica, France

grandisonae: France (Corsica); Type locality: Vacca Islet, Corsica, France.

maresi: France (Corsica); Type locality: Toro Grande and Toro Piccolo islets, Corsica, France

pardii: France (Corsica); Type locality: Giraglia Island, Corsica, France.

ranzii: Molarotto Island; Type locality: Molarotto Islet, Sardinia, Italy.

rodulphisimonii: France (Corsica); Type locality: Finocchiarola, Isolotto di Mezzo and Isolotto di Terra islets, Corsica, France

sammichelii: France (Corsica); Type locality: Isolotto del Porro and Isolotto della Locca islets, Corsica, France

toro: Italy (Toro Island, Sardinia); Type locality: “Insel Toro”; Holotype: Museo Civico di Soria Naturale Genova Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
CommentHybridization: Capula (2002) provides genetic evidence of natural hybridization between Podarcis siculus and Podarcis tiliguerta. The hybrid specimens appeared morphologically intermediate between the parent species. The absence of backcrossed individuals indicate that free interbreeding between the two species is unlikely. Hybrids were found in areas of habitat disturbance only. 
Etymology“tiliguerta” is local name (on Sardinia) for “lizard”, and hence used as a noun [J. Speybroeck, W. Böhme, F. Tillack, pers. comm.] 
  • Bassu, L.; V. Nulchis, M. G. Satta, C. Fresi & C. Corti 2008. Atlas of amphibians and reptiles of Sardinia - state of the art and general considerations. Herpetologia Sardiniae (Claudia Corti, ed.), Edizioni Belvedere, 504 pp.
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1907. Remarks on Prof. von Méhely’s paper “Zur Lösung der ‘Muralis-Frage’. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7) 20: 39-46 - get paper here
  • Brizzi, R. & Lanza, B. 1975. The natural history of the Macinaggio Islets (northeastern Corsica) with particular reference to their herpetofauna. Natura, Milano 66 (1-2): 53-72
  • Capula, M. 1996. Evolutionary genetics of the insular lacertid lizard Podarcis tiliguerta: genetic structure and population heterogeneity in a geographically fragmented species. Heredity 77: 518-529.
  • Capula, M. 2002. Genetic evidence of natural hybridization between Podarcis sicula and Podarcis tiliguerta (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Amphibia-Reptilia 23 (3): 313-321 - get paper here
  • Corti, C.; S. Bruschi, G. Spano, M. Putzu, L. Luiselli, P. Lo Cascio & A. Navone 2008. The herpetofauna of the "Area Marina Protetta di Tavolara - Punta Coda Cavallo" and, morphological and preliminary ecological observations on Podarcis tiliguerta ranzii of Molarotto Islet, NE Sardinia, Italy. Herpetologia Sardiniae (Claudia Corti, ed.), Edizioni Belvedere, 504 pp.
  • Engelmann,W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Forman, F. & Forman, B. 1981. Herpetologische Beobachtungen auf Korsika. Herpetofauna 3 (10): 12-16 - get paper here
  • Gmelin, J.F. 1789. Caroli a Linné Systema naturae. 13. ed., Tom 1 Pars 3. G. E. Beer, Lipsiae. 1033-1516 pp.
  • Harris, D.J.; Pinho, C.; Carretero, M.A.; Corti, C.; Böhme, W. 2005. Determination of genetic diversity within the insular lizard Podarcis tiliguerta using mtDNA sequence data, with a reassessment of the phylogeny of Podarcis. Amphibia-Reptilia 26 (3): 401-407 - get paper here
  • Kaliontzopoulou, Antigoni, Daniele Salvi, Veronica Gomes, João P. M. C. Maia and Panagiotis Kaliontzopoulos. 2013. Polydactyly in the Tyrrhenian Wall Lizard (Podarcis tiliguerta). Acta Herpetologica 8 (1): 75-78
  • Kwet, A. 2010. Reptilien und Amphibien Europas. Kosmos-Verlag, Stuttgart, 252 pp.
  • Kwet, Axel & Benny Trapp 2014. Liste der Reptilien Europas. Draco 15 (60): 72-79 - get paper here
  • Kwet, Axel & Benny Trapp 2014. Reptilien in Europa – eine aktuelle Übersicht. Draco 15 (60): 6-25 - get paper here
  • Lanza, B. 1954. Notizie su alcune lucertole italiane e descrizione di una nuova razza insulare del golfo di Salerno. Boll. di Zool. (Torino) 21: 133-143. - get paper here
  • Lanza, B. 1967. Su due nuove razze insulari di Lacerta sicula e di Lacerta tiliguerta. Archo zool. ital. 51: 511-522 [1966]
  • Lanza, B. 1972. The natural history of the Cerbicale Islands (southeastern Corsica) with particular reference to their herpetofauna. Natura, Milano 63 (4): 345-407
  • Lanza, B. 1976. On a new Wall-lizard from Corsica, with notes on the Sanguinarie Islands (Reptilia Lacertidae). Natura, Milano 67 (3-4): 185-202
  • Lanza, B. & R. Brizzi 1974. On two new Corsican microinsular subspecies of Podarcis tiliguerta (Gmelin, 1789). Natura – Soc. ital. Sci. Nat., Museo civ. Stor. Nat. e Acquario civ., Milano, 65 (3/4): 155-193. (25-23)
  • Lanza, Benedetto;Brizzi, Rossana 1977. The lizard of Piana di Cavallo Island (southeastern Corsica): Podarcis muralis contii subsp. nova. Natura 68 (3-4): 157-165
  • Lewis, Todd R., Alex Ramsey, Arnold Sciberras and Colin Bailey. 2015. Kleptoparasitism on Carpenter Ants (Camponotus spp.) by Podarcis tiliguerta (Gmelin, 1789) in Corsica and Podarcis filfolensis (Bedriaga, 1876) on the Maltese Islands. Herpetozoa 27 (3/4): 175-176 [2014]
  • Mertens, R. 1932. Zur Verbreitung und Systematik einiger Lacerta — Formen der Apenninischen Haibinsel und der Tyrrhenischen Inselwelt. Senckenbergiana 14: 235-259
  • Salvi, Daniele; Pierluigi Bombi 2010. Reptiles of Sardinia: updating the knowledge on their distribution. Acta Herpetologica 5 (2): 161-178 - get paper here
  • Schmid, A. 2013. Im Hochsommer nach Sardinien. Reptilia (Münster) 18 (102): 89-93 - get paper here
  • Schneider,B. 1986. Podarcis tiliguerta - Tyrrhenische Mauereidechse. In: Böhme,W. (ed.), Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas, Band 2/II., Echsen III (Podarcis). Aula-Verlag Wiesbaden, pp. 363-376
  • Schulte, U.; A. Kwet & A. Nöllert 2011. Die Mauereidechse – Reptil des Jahres 2011. Reptilia (Münster) 16 (90): 60-68 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Taddei, A. 1949. Le Lacerte (Archaeolacerte e Podarcis) dell’Italia peninsulare e delle Isole. Commentationes Pontificia Academia Scientarum, 13 (4): 197-274 - get paper here
  • Trapp, Benny 2010. Artenmarathon auf Sardinien. Draco 11 (42): 54-64
  • Trutnau, L. 1975. Europaische Amphibien und Reptilien. Belser Verlag, Stuttgart 212 pp.
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