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Polychrus gutturosus BERTHOLD, 1846

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Higher TaxaPolychrotidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Berthold's Bush Anole
G: Gefleckter Buntleguan 
SynonymPolychrus gutturosus BERTHOLD 1845
Polychrus gutturosus BERTHOLD 1846: 11
Polychrus (Chaunolaemus) multicarinatus PETERS 1869: 768
Polychrus gutturosus — BOULENGER 1885: 100
Polychrus spurrelli BOULENGER 1914: 814
Polychrus gutturosus spurrelli — PARKER 1935: 516
Polychrus gutturosus spurrelli — PETERS et al. 1970: 234
Polychrus gutturosus — PETERS et al. 1970: 233
Polychrus gutturosus — KÖHLER 2000: 83
Polychrus gutturosus — KOCH et al. 2011 
DistributionHonduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama,
W Ecuador, E Colombia (incl. Valle del Cauca)

Type locality: Popayán, W Colombia [there are both a city and a province of that name in Colombia, see KOCH et al. 2011 for a discussion].  
TypesHolotype: ZFMK 21341 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (Tab. 3). (1) A Polychrus with a maximum known SVL of 170 mm; (2) dorsal and gular crest absent; (3) 63 to 82 scales around midbody; (4) 75 to 105 scales in middorsal row from behind the occipital scales to the level of the posterior edge of the thigh; (5) femoral pores 9 to 21 on one side (Fig. 6E); (6) lamellae on finger IV 25–36; (7) lamellae on toe IV 35–45 (Fig. 6D); (8) tail 2.36–3.55 times longer than SVL; (9) dorsal scales smooth or with 1–3 keels; (10) ventral scales with 1–5 keels; (11) gular scales oval, mostly striated, much larger than ventrals, those on gular fan widely separated by granular skin (Fig. 6C); (12) a sexual dichromatism present [from KOCH et al. 2011]. 
CommentSynonymy: partly after Peters et al. 1970. KOCH et al. 2011 synonymized P. spurrelli with P. gutturosus. 
EtymologyThe name gutturosus is Latin meaning ‘‘with enlarged throat,’’ and alludes to the extensible, saclike dewlap of males of this species. 
  • Antúnez-Fonseca CA, Martínez M, King TW, Ordoñez-Mazier DI, Wilson LD, Turcios-Casco MA 2022. Filling a gap in the distribution of the Berthold’s Bush Anole, Polychrus gutturosus (Squamata, Polychrotidae), in Honduras. Herpetozoa 35: 219-223 - get paper here
  • Berthold,A.A. 1846. Mittheilungen über das zoologische Museum zu Göttingen. I. Verzeichnisss der aufgestellten Reptilien. Nachr. G. A. Univ. K. Gesell. Wiss. Göttingen 8-10: 1-28
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  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1914. On a second collection of batrachians and reptiles made by Dr. H. G. F. Spurrell, F.Z.S. in the Chocó, Colombia. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1914: 813-817 - get paper here
  • Bringsøe, Henrik, Olman Alfaro Sánchez and Hans Ole Hansen. 2016. First record and distributional extension for Polychrus gutturosus Berthold, 1845 (Squamata: Polychrotidae) in the Península de Nicoya of northwestern Costa Rica, with a new record from Provincia de San José. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3(4): 1091–1094 - get paper here
  • Castro-Herrera, F. & Vargas-Salinas, F. 2008. Anfibios y reptiles en el departamento del Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Biota Colombiana 9 (2): 251 - 277 - get paper here
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  • Gómez-Hoyos, Diego A.; Sergio Escobar-Lasso, Tatiana Suarez-Joaqui, Julián A. Velasco 2015. Predation on the bush anole Polychrus gutturosus by the parrot snake Leptophis ahaetulla, with a new record of the bush anole for the Gorgona Island National Natural Park, Colombia. Herpetology Notes 8: 297-301 - get paper here
  • Herr, Mark W. and Daniel Herr. 2014. Geographical Distribution: Polychrus gutturosus (Berthold's bush anole). Herpetological Review 45 (4): 662 - get paper here
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  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
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  • Ortleb, Edward; Heatwole, Harold 1965. Comments on some Panamanian lizards with a key to the species from Barro Colorado Island, C.Z. and vicinity. Carib. J. Sci. 5 (3-4):141-147.
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  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1869. Über neue Saurier (Chaunolæmus multicarinatus, Tropidolepisma richardi und Gymnodactylus steudneri) und Batrachier (Cyclohamphus fasciatus und Hyla gracilenta). Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1869 (November): 786-790 - get paper here
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  • Sunyer, Javier 2014. An updated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1 (2): 186–202. - get paper here
  • Sunyer, Javier, José Gabriel Martínez-Fonseca and Milton Salazar-Saavedra. 2016. New departmental records for lizards in Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3(4): 1049–1054 - get paper here
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