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Polychrus gutturosus BERTHOLD, 1846

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Higher TaxaPolychrotidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesE: Berthold's Bush Anole
G: Gefleckter Buntleguan 
SynonymPolychrus gutturosus BERTHOLD 1845
Polychrus gutturosus BERTHOLD 1846: 11
Polychrus (Chaunolaemus) multicarinatus PETERS 1869: 768
Polychrus gutturosus — BOULENGER 1885: 100
Polychrus spurrelli BOULENGER 1914: 814
Polychrus gutturosus spurrelli — PARKER 1935: 516
Polychrus gutturosus spurrelli — PETERS et al. 1970: 234
Polychrus gutturosus — PETERS et al. 1970: 233
Polychrus gutturosus — KÖHLER 2000: 83
Polychrus gutturosus — KOCH et al. 2011 
DistributionHonduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama,
W Ecuador, E Colombia (Valle del Cauca)

Type locality: Popayán, W Colombia [there are both a city and a province of that name in Colombia, see KOCH et al. 2011 for a discussion]. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: ZFMK 21341 
CommentSynonymy: partly after Peters et al. 1970. KOCH et al. 2011 synonymized P. spurrelli with P. gutturosus.

Diagnosis (Tab. 3). (1) A Polychrus with a maximum known SVL of 170 mm; (2) dorsal and gular crest absent; (3) 63 to 82 scales around midbody; (4) 75 to 105 scales in middorsal row from behind the occipital scales to the level of the posterior edge of the thigh; (5) femoral pores 9 to 21 on one side (Fig. 6E); (6) lamellae on finger IV 25–36; (7) lamellae on toe IV 35–45 (Fig. 6D); (8) tail 2.36–3.55 times longer than SVL; (9) dorsal scales smooth or with 1–3 keels; (10) ventral scales with 1–5 keels; (11) gular scales oval, mostly striated, much larger than ventrals, those on gular fan widely separated by granular skin (Fig. 6C); (12) a sexual dichromatism present [from KOCH et al. 2011]. 
  • Berthold,A.A. 1846. Über verschiedene neue oder seltene Reptilien aus Neu-Granada und Crustaceen aus China. Abh. K. Gesell. Wiss. Göttingen 3: 3-32 - get paper here
  • Berthold,A.A. 1846. Mittheilungen über das zoologische Museum zu Göttingen. I. Verzeichnisss der aufgestellten Reptilien. Nachr. G. A. Univ. K. Gesell. Wiss. Göttingen 8-10: 1-28
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1914. On a second collection of batrachians and reptiles made by Dr. H. G. F. Spurrell, F.Z.S. in the Chocó, Colombia. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1914: 813-817 - get paper here
  • Bringsøe, Henrik, Olman Alfaro Sánchez and Hans Ole Hansen. 2016. First record and distributional extension for Polychrus gutturosus Berthold, 1845 (Squamata: Polychrotidae) in the Península de Nicoya of northwestern Costa Rica, with a new record from Provincia de San José. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3(4): 1091–1094 - get paper here
  • Castro-Herrera, F. & Vargas-Salinas, F. 2008. Anfibios y reptiles en el departamento del Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Biota Colombiana 9 (2): 251 - 277 - get paper here
  • Cortés Gómez, Angela María; Anyelet Valencia Aguilar, Diana Marcela Torres Domínguez, Lina María García Calderón, Diego Fernando Villaquirán Martínez, Andrea del Pilar Cáceres Franco, Fernando Castro Herrera 2010. Guía de los anfibios y reptiles. Área en conservación de la microcuenca Quebrada Pericos. [Valle de Cauca, Colombia]. Corporación Autónoma Regional del Valle del Cauca, Santiago de Cali: CVC, 37 pp. - get paper here
  • Gómez-Hoyos, Diego A.; Sergio Escobar-Lasso, Tatiana Suarez-Joaqui, Julián A. Velasco 2015. Predation on the bush anole Polychrus gutturosus by the parrot snake Leptophis ahaetulla, with a new record of the bush anole for the Gorgona Island National Natural Park, Colombia Herpetology Notes 8: 297-301 - get paper here
  • Herr, Mark W. and Daniel Herr. 2014. Geographical Distribution: Polychrus gutturosus (Berthold's bush anole). Herpetological Review 45 (4): 662
  • Koch, Claudia;, Pablo J. Venegas, Antonio Garcia-Bravo,, Wolfgang Böhme 2011. A new bush anole (Iguanidae, Polychrotinae, Polychrus) from the upper Marañon basin, Peru, with a redescription of Polychrus peruvianus (Noble, 1924) and additional information on P. gutturosus Berthold, 1845. ZooKeys 141: 79–107 - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Köhler, G. 2003. Das Leguanportrait: Polychrus gutturosus BERTHOLD 1845. Iguana Rundschreiben 16 (1): 5-8
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • ORD, T. J.; D. A. KLOMP, J. GARCIA-PORTA & M. HAGMAN 2015. Repeated evolution of exaggerated dewlaps and other throat morphology in lizards. J. evol. Biol., doi: 10.1111/jeb.12709 - get paper here
  • Ortleb, Edward; Heatwole, Harold 1965. Comments on some Panamanian lizards with a key to the species from Barro Colorado Island, C.Z. and vicinity. Carib. J. Sci. 5(3-4):141-147.
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1869. Über neue Saurier (Chaunolæmus multicarinatus, Tropidolepisma richardi und Gymnodactylus steudneri) und Batrachier (Cyclohamphus fasciatus und Hyla gracilenta). Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1869 (November): 786-790 - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. University of Chicago Press, 934 pp. [review in Copeia 2003 (1): 205]
  • Schlüter, Uwe 2013. Buntleguane - Lebensweise, Pflege und Fortpflanzung. KUS-Verlag, 80 pp. - get paper here
  • Solís, J. M., J. Adams, and C. M. O’Reilly. 2017. Polychrus gutturosus Berthold, 1845. Honduras, Atlántida. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(3): 666–668 - get paper here
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Sunyer, Javier 2014. An updated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1 (2): 186–202. - get paper here
  • Sunyer, Javier, José Gabriel Martínez-Fonseca and Milton Salazar-Saavedra. 2016. New departmental records for lizards in Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3(4): 1049–1054 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E. H. 1956. A review of the lizards of Costa Rica. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 38 (part 1): 3-322 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Koch C, Venegas PJ, Poe S 2017. Phylogeny and diversity of neotropical monkey lizards (Iguanidae: Polychrus Cuvier, 1817). PLoS ONE 12(6): e0178139 - get paper here
  • Valencia-Zuleta A, Jaramillo-Martínez AF, Echeverry-Bocanegra A, Viáfara-Vega R, Hernández-Córdoba O, Cardona-Botero VE, Gutiérrez-Zúñiga J, Castro-Herrera F. 2014. Conservation status of the herpetofauna, protected areas, and current problems in Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 8 (2): 1–18 (e87) - get paper here
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