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Polychrus peruvianus (NOBLE, 1924)

IUCN Red List - Polychrus peruvianus - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaPolychrotidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Peruvian Bush Anole
G: Peruanischer Buntleguan 
SynonymPolychroides peruvianus NOBLE 1924: 109
Polychrus peruvianus — ETHERIDGE 1965
Polychroides peruvianus — PETERS et al. 1970: 232
Polychrus peruvianus — VANZOLINI in PETERS et al. 1986: 20
Polychrus peruvianus — KOCH et al. 2011
Polychrus peruvianus — TORRES-CARVAJAL et al. 2017 
DistributionN Peru (Cajamarca, Piura), Ecuador

Type locality: Near Querocotilla, Cajamarca, Peru.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 17973 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (Tab. 2). (1) A Polychrus with a maximum known SVL of 152 mm; (2) males larger than females; (3) a prominent dorsal and gular crest present; (4) 52 to 74 scales around midbody; (5) 56 to 70 paravertebral scales from the occipital region to the level of the posterior edge of the thigh; (6) femoral pores 6 to 13 on one side; (7) lamellae on finger IV 25–33; (8) lamellae on toe IV 32–43; (9) tail 1.29–3.15 times longer than SVL; (10) paravertebral scales unicarinate; (11) ventral scales uni- to tricarinate, rarely multicarinate; (12) gular scales oval, striated, much larger than ventrals; (13) a prominent sexual dichromatism present [from KOCH et al. 2011]. 
CommentNot listed for Ecuador by TORRES-CARVAJAL 2001.

Type species: Polychroides peruvianus NOBLE 1924: 109 is the type species of the genus Polychroides NOBLE 1924. 
EtymologyNamed after its distribution in Peru. 
  • Beuttner, Antonia; Claudia Koch 2019. Analysis of diet composition and morphological characters of the little-known Peruvian bush anole Polychrus peruvianus (Noble, 1924) in a northern Peruvian dry forest. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): 111–121 (e172).
  • Etheridge, R. 1965. The abdominal skeleton of lizards in the family Iguanidae. Herpetologica 21: 161-168 - get paper here
  • KOCH, CLAUDIA; PABLO J. VENEGAS, ROY SANTA CRUZ, WOLFGANG BÖHME 2018. Annotated checklist and key to the species of amphibians and reptiles inhabiting the northern Peruvian dry forest along the Andean valley of the Marañón River and its tributaries. Zootaxa 4385 (1): 001–101 - get paper here
  • Koch, Claudia;, Pablo J. Venegas, Antonio Garcia-Bravo,, Wolfgang Böhme 2011. A new bush anole (Iguanidae, Polychrotinae, Polychrus) from the upper Marañon basin, Peru, with a redescription of Polychrus peruvianus (Noble, 1924) and additional information on P. gutturosus Berthold, 1845. ZooKeys 141: 79–107 - get paper here
  • Noble, G. K. 1924. New lizards from northwestern Peru. Occasional Papers of the Boston Society of Natural History 5: 107—113 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A. & Donoso-Barros, Roberto 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part II. Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 293 pp. - get paper here
  • Schlüter, U. 2010. Der Peruanische Buntleguan, Polychrus peruvianus (Noble, 1924) Terraria (26) 5 (6): 58-64.
  • Schlüter, Uwe 2013. Buntleguane - Lebensweise, Pflege und Fortpflanzung. KUS-Verlag, 80 pp. - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Koch C, Venegas PJ, Poe S 2017. Phylogeny and diversity of neotropical monkey lizards (Iguanidae: Polychrus Cuvier, 1817). PLoS One 12 (6): e0178139 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Pazmiño-Otamendi G, Salazar-Valenzuela D. 2019. Reptiles of Ecuador: a resource-rich portal, with a dynamic checklist and photographic guides. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): [General Section]: 209–229 (e178) - get paper here
  • Wagner, F. 2019. Haltung und Nachzucht des Peruanischen Buntleguans, Polychrus peruvianus. Reptilia (Münster) 24 (138): 36-40 - get paper here
  • Yánez-Muñoz, M. et al. 2006. Reptilia, Polychrotidae, Polychrus peruvianus: New country record, Ecuador. Check List 2 (2): 63-64 - get paper here
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