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Porthidium lansbergii (SCHLEGEL, 1841)

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesPorthidium lansbergii hutmanni SANDNER-MONTILLA 1989
Porthidium lansbergii lansbergii (SCHLEGEL 1841)
Porthidium lansbergii rozei PETERS 1968 
Common Names 
SynonymTrigonocephalus lansbergi SCHLEGEL 1841
Bothrops lansbergi — JAN 1863: 127
Thanatos patoquilla POSADO-ARANGO 1889
Thanatophis patoquilla — POSADO-ARANGO 1889: 343 (incertae sedis fide MCDIARMID et al. 1999)
Thanatophis sutus POSADA ARANGO 1889: 344
Thanatophis patoquilla — GARCIA 1896: 25
Trimeresurus lansbergi - BOCOURT 1909
Thanatophis sutus — GARCIA 1896: 26
Bothrops lansbergii — AMARAL 1929
Bothrops lansbergii — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 47
Porthidium lansbergii — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 320
Porthidium lansbergii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 577

Porthidium lansbergii hutmanni (SANDNER-MONTILLA 1989)
Bothrops lansbergii hutmanni SANDNER-MONTILLA 1989
Porthidium landsbergii houtmanni [sic] — KORNACKER 1999

Porthidium lansbergii lansbergii (SCHLEGEL 1841)
Trigonocephalus lansbergii SCHLEGEL 1841
Bothrops lansbergii lansbergii — ROZE 1959: 11
Porthidium lansbergii lansbergii — WELCH 1994: 101
Porthidium landsbergii landsbergii — KORNACKER 1999

Porthidium lansbergii rozei (PETERS 1968)
Bothrops lansbergii venezuelensis ROZE 1959: 11 (preoccupied)
Bothrops lansbergii rozei PETERS 1968: 320 (nom. subst.)
Bothrops lansbergii rozei — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 48
Porthidium lansbergii rozei — WELCH 1994: 101
Porthidium landsbergii rozei — KORNACKER 1999 
DistributionPanama, N Colombia (from N Choco and Antioquia, coastal Caribbean lowlands, and from Rio Magdalena valley, up to Honda, Tolima, Huila)

hutmanni: Isla Margarita, Venezuela; Type locality: Porlamar, Isla Margarita, Venezuela.

rozei: Venezuela; Type locality: Caripito, Estado Monagas, Venezuela.

Type locality: Turbaco, Colombia. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous. 
TypesType: Unlocated (McDiarmid et al. 1999) 
CommentVenomous!

Illustration: See color plate 83 in VILLA et al. 1988.

Subspecies: Porthidium lansbergii arcosae SCHÄTTI & KRAMER 1993 has been elevated to full species status.

Distribution: has also been reported from N Venezuela (Bolívar [HR 34: 389], Zulia) but before arcosae was split off.

Synonymy after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970. Porthidium lansbergii annectens (SCHMIDT 1936) is a synonym of P. ophryomegas. Thanatos patoquilla POSADO ARANGO (1889) might be a synonym of P. lansbergii but has been considered as of unclear status by several authors (see MCDIARMID et al. 1999 for a discussion). Previous records of P. lansbergii from W Panama to be based on individuals of Porthidium volcanicum.

Similar species: Porthidium volcanicum

Note that SANDNER-MOTILLA (1989) dedicated B. l. hutmanni to Adolfo Houtmann (also spelled Hautmann in the paper), but used the name “hutmanni” multiple times including the title.

Habitat: terrestrial 
References
  • Almendariz, A. 1991. Anfibios y Reptiles [del Ecuador]. Rev. Politecnica. XVI (3): 89-162.
  • Amaral, A. 1929. Studies of neotropical ophidia XII. On the Bothrops lansbergii group. Bull. Antivenin Inst. Amer. 3 (1): 19-27
  • Amaral, A. D. 1927. Studies of neotropical ophidia V. Notes on Bothrops lansbergii and B. brachystoma. Bulletin of the Antivenin Institute of America 1 (1): 22
  • Blanco-Torres, Argelina; Lina Báez S., Edgar Patiño-Flores, Juan M. Renjifo-R. 2013. Herpetofauna from the middle valley of the Ranchería river, La Guajira, Colombia Rev. Biodivers. Neotrop. 3 (2): 113-22
  • Bryson Jr., Robert W.; Adrián Nieto-Montes de Oca, Jacobo Reyes Velasco 2008. Phylogenetic Position of Porthidium Hespere (Viperidae: Crotalinae) and Phylogeography of Arid-Adapted Hognosed Pitvipers Based on Mitochondrial DNA. Copeia 2008 (1): 172-178 - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Campbell, Jonathan A. and William W. Lamar 2004. The Venomous Reptiles of the Western Hemisphere, 2 vols. Comstock (Cornell University Press), Ithaca, NY, 962 pp. [review in Science 305: 182]
  • Dunn, E. R. 1928. Notes on Bothrops lansbergii and Bothrops ophryomegas. Bull. Antivenin Inst. Amer. 2: 28-30.
  • Garcia,E. 1896. Los Ofidios Venenosos del Cauca. Métodos empíricos y racionales empleados contra los accidentes producidos por la mordedura de esos reptiles. Cali: Librería Colombiana, xv + 102 pp.
  • Infante-Rivero; E. 2009. First record of Porthidium lansbergii lansbergii Schlegel, 1841, in the Venezuelan Guajira, with comments on the genus and the distribution in Zulia State. Herpetotropicos 5 (1): 25-28 - get paper here
  • JADIN, ROBERT C.; ERIC N. SMITH and JONATHAN A. CAMPBELL 2011. Unravelling a tangle of Mexican serpents: a systematic revision of highland pitvipers. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 163: 943–958
  • Jan,G. 1863. Elenco Sistematico degli Ofidi descriti e disegnati per l'Iconografia Generale. Milano, A. Lombardi. vii + 143 pp.
  • Kornacker,P.M. 1999. Checklist and key to the snakes of Venezuela. PaKo-Verlag, Rheinbach, Germany, 270 pp.
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Medina-Rangel, Guido F. and Yeny Rocío López-Perilla. 2015. Geographic Distribution: Porthidium lansbergii (Lansberg's hognosed pitviper). Herpetological Review 46 (4): 575-576
  • Medina-Rangel, Guido Fabián 2013. CAMBIO EstACIOnAl En El UsO DE lOs RECURsOs DE lA COMUnIDAD DE REptIlEs En El COMplEJO CEnAgOsO DE ZApAtOsA, DEpARtAMEntO DEl CEsAR (Colombia). Caldasia 35 (1):103-122
  • Mendoza R., J.S. 2017. Porthidium lansbergii (Lansberg’s Hognose Viper) Diet and habitat use. Herpetological Review 48 (3): 681.
  • Monzel, Markus & Wolfgang Wüster 2008. Neotropische Grubenottern – Evolution, Biogeographie und Ökologie. Draco 8 (33): 4-27 - get paper here
  • Natera-Mumaw, Marco; Luis Felipe Esqueda-González & Manuel Castelaín-Fernández 2015. Atlas Serpientes de Venezuela Santiago de Chile, Dimacofi Negocios Avanzados S.A., 456 pp. - get paper here
  • Pérez-Santos,C. & Moreno, A.G. 1988. Ofidios de Colombia. Museo reegionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monographie VI, 517 pp.
  • Peters, James A. 1968. A replacement name for Bothrops lansbergii venezuelensis Roze, 1959 (Viperidae, Serpentes). Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 81: 319-322 - get paper here
  • Posada ARANGO 1889. Note sure quelques solénoglyphes de Colombie. Bull. Soc. Zool. France 1889: 343-, 345 - get paper here
  • Posado Arango 1889. An. Acad. Med. Medellin 2: 45-49
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Roze, J.A. 1959. Taxonomic notes on a collection of Venezuelan reptiles in the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum Novitates (1934): 1-14 - get paper here
  • Sandner-Montilla, F. 1989. Una nueva subespecie de Bothrops lansbergi (Schlegel, 1841) de la Familia Crotalidae: Bothrops lansbergi hutmanni n. Ssp. Mem. Cient. Ofidiol. 9:1-16
  • Schätti B; Kramer E 1993. Ecuadorianische Grubenottern der Gattungen Bothriechis, Bothrops und Porthidium (Serpentes: Viperidae). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 100 (2): 235-278 - get paper here
  • Schlegel, H. 1841. Description d’une nouvelle espèce du genre Trigonocéphale (Trigonocephalus Lansbergii). Mag. Zool. Rept. (1-3): pl. 1
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1936. New amphibians and reptiles from Honduras in the Museum of Comparative Zoology. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 49: 43-50. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wilson, L. D., & MEYER, J. R. 1985. The Snakes of Honduras. 2d ed. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Publ., Biol. & Geol. No. 6, 150 pp.
  • Wüster, Wolfgang; Lindsay Peppin, Catharine E. Pook and Daniel E. Walker 2008. A nesting of vipers: Phylogeny and historical biogeography of the Viperidae (Squamata: Serpentes). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49 (2): 445-459 - get paper here
 
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