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Porthidium ophryomegas (BOCOURT, 1868)

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Slender Hognose Viper
G: Westliche Stülpnasenotter 
SynonymBothrops ophryomegas BOCOURT 1868: 201
Bothrops lansbergii ophryomegas BOCOURT 1868
Trimeresurus ophryomegas - BOCOURT 1909
Trimeresurus lansbergii - SCHMIDT & ANDREWS 1936
Trimeresurus lansbergii annectans SCHMIDT 1936 (fide WILSON & MEYER 1982)
Bothrops lansbergii annectens (SCHMIDT 1936) (fide WILSON & MEYER 1985)
Bothrops lansbergii annectens — HOGE 1966: 123
Bothrops lansbergii annectens — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 48
Bothrops ophryomegas — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 53
Bothrops ophryomegas - VILLA et al. 1988
Porthidium ophryomegas — WELCH 1994: 101
Porthidium ophryomegas — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 323
Porthidium ophryomegas — SAVAGE 2002 
DistributionMexico (Yucatan), W Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Guatemala

Type locality: "les terres chaudes du versant occidental de la Cordillere Escuintla (Guatemala)" [= warm regions on western slope of Cordillera, Escuintia, Guatemala]. The Pacific slope of the Department of Guatemala is actually the southern slope
(lAC). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: MNHN 1539. 
CommentVenomous! Synonymy partly after VILLA et al. 1988 and PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970.

Habitat: terrestrial 
References
  • Amaral, A. 1929. Studies of neotropical ophidia XII. On the Bothrops lansbergii group. Bull. Antivenin Inst. Amer. 3 (1): 19-27
  • Bocourt,M.F. 1868. Descriptions de quelques crotaliens nouveaux appartenant au genre Bothrops, recueillis dans le Guatémala. Ann. Sci. Nat., Paris, Ser. 5, (Zool.) 10: 201-202 - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Laita, Mark 2013. Serpentine. Abrams and PQ Blackwell, Auckland, New Zealand, 200 unnumbered pages
  • McCranie J R 2011. The snakes of Honduras. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 725 pp.
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Mertens, R. 1952. Die Amphibien und Reptilien von El Salvador. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) (No. 487): 120 pp.
  • Monzel, Markus & Wolfgang Wüster 2008. Neotropische Grubenottern – Evolution, Biogeographie und Ökologie. Draco 8 (33): 4-27 - get paper here
  • Parkinson,C.L. 1999. Molecular systematics and biogeographical history of pitvipers as determined by mitochondrial ribosomal DNA sequences. Copeia 1999 (3): 576-586 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A.; Donoso-Barros, Roberto & Orejas-Miranda, Braulio 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part I Snakes. Part II Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 347 pp. - get paper here
  • Porras, L.W. & Solórzano, A. 2006. Die Schlangen Costa Ricas. Reptilia (Münster) 11 (61): 20-27 - get paper here
  • Porras, L.W. & Solórzano, A. 2006. Costa Rica’s venomous snakes. Reptilia (GB) (48): 11-17 - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. University of Chicago Press, 934 pp. [review in Copeia 2003 (1): 205]
  • Schmidt, K. P, & ANDREWS, E. W. 1936. Notes on snakes from Yucatán. Field Mus. Nat Hist. Zool. Ser. 20: 167-187. - get paper here
  • Solorzano A; Gutierrez J M; Cerdas L 1988. Bothrops ophryomegas Bocourt (Serpentes: Viperidae) en Costa Rica: distribucion, lepidosis, variacion sexual y cariotipo. Revista de Biologia Tropical 36 (2A) 1988: 187-190 - get paper here
  • Villa, J., Wilson, L.D., Johnson, J.D. 1988. Middle American Herpetology - A Bibliographic Checklist. University of Missouri Press
  • Wilson, L. D., & MEYER, J. R. 1985. The Snakes of Honduras. 2d ed. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Publ., Biol. & Geol. No. 6, 150 pp.
 
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