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Prasinohaema flavipes (PARKER, 1936)

IUCN Red List - Prasinohaema flavipes - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesCommon Green Tree Skink 
SynonymLygosoma flavipes PARKER 1936: 89
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) flavipes — SMITH 1937: 224
Prasinohaema flavipes — GREER 1974: 12
Prasinohaema flavipes — MYS 1988: 141
Prasinohaema flavipes — RODRIGUEZ et al. 2018 
DistributionPapua New Guinea, elevation 1400-2000 m

Type locality: Mondo, Papua (5000 ft. elevation)  
Reproductionovoviviparous. 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1935.5.10.149, female (fide PARKER 1936: 89) 
CommentType Species: Lygosoma flavipes is the type species of the genus Prasinohaema GREER 1974.

Phylogenetics: Genome comparisons revealed that the species of Prasinohaema are not closely related (Rodriguez et al. 2018). For instance, P. virens is most closely related to Lipinia longiceps. However, Rodriguez et al. 2018 do not make any taxonomic recommendations in their paper (in which they also mention two new Prasinohaema species, without further details). 
EtymologyThe genus has been named after its green (Greek “prasinos”) blood (Greek “haima”) pigment. 
References
  • Austin,C.C. and K. W. Jessing 1994. Green-blood pigmentation in lizards. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 109A (3): 619-626 - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E. 1974. The generic relationships of the scincid lizard genus Leiolopisma and its relatives. Australian Journal of Zoology 31: 1-67. - get paper here
  • Mys, Benoit 1988. The zoogeography of the scincid lizards from North Papua New Guinea (Reptilia: Scincidae). I. The distribution of the species. Bull. Inst. Roy. Sci. Nat. Belgique (Biologie) 58: 127-183
  • Parker, H.W. 1936. A collection of reptiles and amphibians from the mountains of British New Guinea. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (10) 17: 66-93
  • Smith,M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Rodriguez, Z. B., Perkins, S. L., & Austin, C. C. 2018. Multiple origins of green blood in New Guinea lizards. Science Advances, 4(5): 1-7 - get paper here
 
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