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Prasinohaema prehensicauda (LOVERIDGE, 1945)

IUCN Red List - Prasinohaema prehensicauda - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Prehensile Green Tree Skink 
SynonymLygosoma (Leiolopisma) prehensicauda LOVERIDGE 1945
Scincella prehensicauda — WOODRUFF 1972
Prasinohaema prehensicauda — GREER 1974
Prasinohaema prehensicauda — PIANKA & VITT 2003
Prasinohaema prehensicauda — KRAUS 2013
Prasinohaema prehensicauda — SLAVENKO et al. 2021 
DistributionPapua New Guinea (Milne Bay Prov.: E slope Mt. Suckling, Sota, 9.7580°S, 149.1822°E, 1860 m elevation; Mt. Kaindi, Owen Stanley Range) (Kraus 2013, Gressitt and Nadkarni 1978)

Type locality: “between 7500-8000 feet on Mount Wilhelm, Bismarck Range, Madang Division, New Guinea” (elevation)  
Reproductionovovivparous 
TypesHolotype: MCZ 47057 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Referable to the section 'Leiolopisma as redefined by Malcolm Smith (1987, Rec. Indian Mus., 39, p. 223) in his section B.b., though snout might well be called subacuminate. Related, though not closely except in scale-counts, to L. anoliB (Boulenger) of the Solomons. L. prehenaicauda is a larger, stouter species with a blunter, less acuminate, snout than that of anolia; the toes o( the adpressed hind limb are widely separated from the fingers of the backward pressed forelimb, certainly not reaching to the elbow as in the slender-limbed anolia. The parietals are well separated by the interparietal; there are no definite nuchals; the dorsals are striated, not smooth; and the peculiar subcaudal scalation of prehensicauda is lacking in our extensive series of anolia. In the following description paratype variations are given in parentheses (Loveridge 1945: 48).

Description. Head shields rugose; frontonasal broader than long; prefrontals broadly in contact; combined length of prefrontals and frontal greater than that of frontoparietals and interparietal; a frontoparietal subequal to the interparietal, which separates the parietals, which are bordered posteriorly by 2 or 3 irregularly enlarged shields and an elongate upper temporal; no supranasal; nasal entire; a postnasal and an anterior and posterior loreal; supraoculars 4 (5 if a very small anterior one is included); supraciliaries about 7 or 9 (6 or 8); lower eyelid with a transparent disk; upper labials 8 (7-10), the seventh (sixth or eighth) below the center of the orbit from which it is separated only by the granules of the lower lid; lower labials 8-10 (7-8); ear-opening very small, without projecting lobules. Body scales in 38 rows around midbody, the dorsolaterals finely striated, the 4 dorsal rows enlarged, slightly larger than the smooth ventrals; anals irregularly enlarged; body moderate; limbs short, the toes of the adpressed hind limb widely separated from the fingers of the backward pressed forelimb; fingers moderate or short, toes longer, with smooth lamellae below, 15 (16-17) beneath the fourth toe, the 6 (7-8) distal ones differentiated from those on the depressed basal portion; tail stout, cylindrical, slightly longer than head and body, on the underside towards the tip are a series of about 28, brown, slightly swollen, transverse shields which, taken in conjunction with the curled tip, suggest that they supplement a grasping organ (Loveridge 1945: 49).

Color. Above, greenish olive, merging into vivid green on sides of body and underside of tail, which is sepia brown towards the tip. Below, greenish white, except end of tail (Loveridge 1945: 49). 
Comment 
References
  • Austin,C.C. and K. W. Jessing 1994. Green-blood pigmentation in lizards. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 109A (3): 619-626 - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E. 1974. The generic relationships of the scincid lizard genus Leiolopisma and its relatives. Australian Journal of Zoology 31: 1-67. - get paper here
  • Kraus, Fred. 2013. Further range extensions for reptiles and amphibians from Papua New Guinea. Herpetological Review 44 (2): 277-280 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, Arthur 1945. New scincid lizards of the genera Tropidophorus and Lygosoma from New Guinea. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 58: 47-52 - get paper here
  • Woodruff, D.S. 1972. Amphibians and reptiles from Simbai, Bismarck-Schrader Range, New Guinea. Mem. Nat. Mus. Vict. 33: 57-64 - get paper here
 
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