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Pristurus rupestris BLANFORD, 1874

IUCN Red List - Pristurus rupestris - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Sauria (lizards: geckos) 
SubspeciesPristurus rupestris guweirensis HAAS 1943
Pristurus rupestris iranicus SCHMIDT 1952
Pristurus rupestris rupestris BLANFORD 1874 
Common NamesBlanford’s Semaphore Gecko, Persia Rock Gecko 
SynonymPristurus rupestris BLANFORD 1874: 454
Pristurus rupestris — BOULENGER 1885: 53
Pristurus rupestris — SMITH 1935: 64
Pristurus rupestris — LOVERIDGE 1947: 76
Pristurus rupestris — KLUGE 1993
Pristurus rupestris — RÖSLER 2000: 106
Pristurus rupestris — LARGEN & SPAWLS 2010: 332

Pristurus rupestris rupestris BLANFORD 1874
Pristurus rupestris BLANFORD 1874: 454
Pristurus migiurtinicus SCORTECCI 1933 (fide LOVERIDGE 1947)
Pristurus rupestris rupestris — SCHMIDT 1952

Pristurus rupestris guweirensis HAAS 1943
Pristurus flavipunctatus guweirensis HAAS 1943
Pristurus flavipunctatus guweirensis — TIEDEMANN et al. 1994: 56
Pristurus rupestris guweirensis — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Pristurus rupestris guweirensis — SINDACO et al. 2014

Pristurus rupestris iranicus SCHMIDT 1952
Pristurus rupestris iranicus SCHMIDT 1952
Pristurus rupestris iranicus — WERMUTH 1965: 151
Pristurus rupestris iranicus — BADIANE et al. 2014 
DistributionSW Jordan, Eritrea, Djibouti,
Iran (Bushire), Ethiopia, probably in Sudan (L. Chirio, pers. comm.),
Pakistan ?, N Somalia, S Arabia (Bender Casim/Migiurt.), Oman, United Arab Emirates (UAE)

guweirensis: Jordan; Type locality: Sandstone Hills north of Guweira, Transjordan.

iranicus: Iran, Kharg Island near Bushire, West Pakistan; Type locality: Bushire, Iran.

migiurtinicus: Somalia; Type locality: “Bender Cassim” (=Bosaso), Somalia.

Terra typica restricta: Muskat [Muscat], Oman (fide SCHMIDT 1952) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesSyntypes: ZSI (fide Annandale, 1906:91)
Syntypes: NMW [guweirensis]
Holotype: ZMUC [iranicus]
Holotype: MSNM Re97 (Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano), apparenly lost fide Badiane et al. 2014 [migiurtinicus] 
CommentDistribution: Not in Pakistan fide KHAN 2002 (pers. comm.).

Synonymy: Pristurus flavipunctatus guweirensis HAAS 1943 is listed as a synonym by LEVITON et al. (1992). 
References
  • Al-Quran, S. 2009. The Herpetofauna of the Southern Jordan. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 6 (4): 385-391
  • Anderson, John 1896. A Contribution to the Herpetology of Arabia, with a preliminary list of the reptiles and batrachians of Egypt. London, R. H. Porter, 124 pp.
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144]
  • Arnold E N 1980. The scientific results of the Oman flora and fauna survey 1977 (Dhofar). The reptiles and amphibians of Dhofar, southern Arabia. JOURNAL OF OMAN STUDIES SPECIAL REPORT (No. 2): 273-332 - get paper here
  • Arnold, E.N. 2009. Relationships, evolution and biogeography of Semaphore geckos, Pristurus (Squamata, Sphaerodactylidae) based on morphology. Zootaxa 2060: 1-21 - get paper here
  • BADIANE, ARNAUD; JOAN GARCIA-PORTA, JAN ČERVENKA, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, ROBERTO SINDACO, MICHAEL D. ROBI 2014. Phylogenetic relationships of Semaphore geckos (Squamata: Sphaerodactylidae: Pristurus) with an assessment of the taxonomy of Pristurus rupestris Zootaxa 3835 (1): 033–058 - get paper here
  • Blanford,W.T. 1874. Descriptions of new lizards from Persia and Baluchistàn. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 13: 453-455 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • BOURQUIN, O. 2011. The terrestrial reptiles of Sir Bani Yas Island, United Arab Emirates. Afr. Herp News (53): 27-34
  • Brown, J.N.B. 1980. Reptiles of Abu Dhabi Island. Bulletin of the Emirates Natural History Group (11 July 1980): http://www.enhg.org/bulletin/b11/11_28.htm
  • Disi, A.M.; Modry, D.; Necas, P. & Rifai, L. 2001. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 408 pp.
  • Haas G. and Werner, Y. L. 1969. Lizards and snakes from Southwestern Asia, collected by Henry Field. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 138: 327-406. - get paper here
  • Haas, G. 1943. On a collection of reptiles from Palestine, Transjordan, and Sinai. Copeia 1943 (1):10-15 - get paper here
  • Henkel, F.-W. 2003. Herpetological expedition through Oman. Reptilia (GB) (27): 50-55 - get paper here
  • Jongbloed, M. 2000. Field Guide to the reptiles and amphibians of the UAE - Wild about reptiles. Barkers Trident Communications, 116 pp.
  • Lanza, B. 1990. Amphibians and reptiles of the Somali Democratic Republic: check list and biogeography. Biogeographia, 14: 407-465 [1988]
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2006. Lizards of Ethiopia (Reptilia Sauria): an annotated checklist, bibliography, gazetteer and identification. Tropical Zoology 19 (1): 21-109 - get paper here
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 694 pp.
  • Leptien, Rolf 1993. An uncommon day gecko from the United Arab Emirates, Pristurus rupestris (Blanford 1874). Dactylus 1 (4): 34-37
  • Leviton,A.E.; Anderson,S.C.; Adler, K.; Minton,S.A. 1992. Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. SSAR, Oxford, Ohio (Contr. to Herpetol. No. 8), 1-252
  • Mazuch, Tomáš 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of Somaliland and Eastern Ethiopia. Tomáš Mazuch Publishing, 80 pp. ISBN: 978-80-905439-0-4 - get paper here
  • Parker, H. W. 1942. The lizards of British Somaliland. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 91: 1—101 - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT A 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics4 (1): 7-30
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Rösler, H.; Köhler, J. & Böhme, W. 2008. A new species of the diurnal gekkonid genus Pristurus Rüppell, 1835 from the Red Sea island Hanish al-Kabir, Yemen. Amphibia-Reptilia 29: 217-227 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K. P. 1952. Diagnoses of new amphibians and reptiles from Iran. Natural History Miscellanea, (93):1-2
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1939. Reptiles and amphibians from Southwestern Asia. Publ. Field Mus. nat. Hist., zool. Ser., 24: 49-92 - get paper here
  • Scortecci, G. 1933. Descrizione preliminare di nuove specie e sottospecie de genere Pristurus della Somalia Italiana. Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale in Milano, 72:242-244
  • Sindaco R., Fedrighini, N. & VEnchi, A. 1995. Contribution to the herpetology of Jordan. Bolletino Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino 23 (1): 389-405
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Riccardo Nincheri, Benedetto Lanza 2014. Catalogue of Arabian reptiles in the collections of the “La Specola” Museum, Florence. Scripta Herpetologica. Studies on Amphibians and Reptiles in honour of Benedetto Lanza: pp. 137-164 - get paper here
  • Smith,M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Tiedemann,F.; Häupl,M. & Grillitsch,H. 1994. Katalog der Typen der herpetologischen Sammlung nach dem Stand vom 1. Jänner 1994. Teil II: Reptilia. Kat. wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 10 (Vertebrata 4): 1-110
  • van der Kooij, Jeroen 2001. The herpetofauna of the Sultanate of Oman: Part 2: the geckoes. Podarcis 1 (4): 105-120
 
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