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Pristurus schneideri RÖSLER, KÖHLER & BÖHME, 2008

IUCN Red List - Pristurus schneideri - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymPristurus schneideri RÖSLER, KÖHLER & BÖHME 2008 
DistributionYemen (Hanish al-Kabir island)

Type locality: northwest coast of Hanish al-Kabir island (13°46 18 N, 42° 46 20 E, app. 8 m elevation), Red Sea, Yemen.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZFMK 86654, adult male, collected on 6 April 2004 by Wolfgang Schneider. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A small species of Pristurus (SVL less than 30 mm). Head separated from body by a distinctly constricted neck. Snout long, narrow, anteriorly roundish but nonetheless pointed. Tail laterally compressed, a high dorsal and ventral tail crest in the males, lower in females. Tail laterally with distinct longitudinal groove. Autotomy sutures of tail not restricted to the tail base. Rostral narrower than mental. Nostril touches rostral. 6-7 supralabials, 4-5 infralabials, 1 internasal, 3-4 postmentals, 117-121 SB, and 21-22 LT4. Dorsum grey, with 7-8 short dark transverse bands, dorsally and laterally small light spots and orange-coloured ocelli. Lower parts brownish-yellow, throat with large, dark flecks and numerous dark antehumeral spots. Limbs and tail grey, banded with dark. By combining these characters, Pristurus schneideri is distinguished from all its congeners. For comparisons with already known species see discussion and table 2 in RÖSLER et al. (2008). 
CommentAbundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyWe dedicate this species to Wolfgang Schneider (HLMD), not only because he collected the type series and thus made the description possible, but also in recognition of his valuable contributions to the zoology of the Middle East. 
References
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Rösler, H.; Köhler, J. & Böhme, W. 2008. A new species of the diurnal gekkonid genus Pristurus Rüppell, 1835 from the Red Sea island Hanish al-Kabir, Yemen. Amphibia-Reptilia 29: 217-227 - get paper here
 
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