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Proctoporus bolivianus WERNER, 1910

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae, Sauria (lizards) 
Common NamesBolivian Lightbulb Lizard 
SynonymProctoporus bolivianus WERNER 1910: 30
Proctoporus longicaudatus ANDERSSON 1914
Proctoporus bolivianus — DIRKSEN & DE LA RIVA 1999
Proctoporus bolivianus — DOAN & SCHARGEL 2003
Proctoporus subsolanus DOAN, CASTOE & ARIZABAL ARRIAGA 2005
Proctoporus bolivianus — GOICOECHEA et al. 2013 
DistributionN Bolivia (La Paz), S Peru (Puno), elevation 2100–3743 m

Type locality: Sorata, Bolivia; Neotype locality: Millipaya, 12 km S of Sorata (15°51′30.2′′S/68°37′37.6′′W), Province Larecaja, Department of La Paz, Bolivia, 3743 m elevation.

subsolanus: Peru (Puno); Type locality: from the town of Sandia (14.34275° S, 69.46274° W), Province of Sandia, Department of Puno, Peru; 2100 m elevation. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: ZMH (may be lost)
Neotype: CBF 3437 (fide Goicoechea et al.2 013)
Holotype: UTA R-52944; NCBI tax ID 321038 [subsolanus] 
CommentSynonymy after PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970 and GOICOECHEA et al. 2013. Oreosaurus lacertus STEJNEGER 1913: 546 has been revalidated by GOICOECHEA et al. 2013.

Diagnosis: in GOICOECHEA et al. 2013.

Habitat: during the day under logs and stones, occupying disturbed areas and agricultural fields. 
  • Andersson, L.G. 1914. A new Telmatobius and new teiid lizards from South America. Arkiv för Zoologi 9 (3): 1-12
  • Barbour, Thomas & Noble, G. K. 1921. Amphibians and reptiles from southern Peru collected by the Peruvian expedition of 1914-1915 under the auspices of Yale University and the National Geographic Society. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 58 (2352): 609-620 [1920] - get paper here
  • Dirksen, L. & De la Riva, I. 1999. The lizards and amphisbaenians of Bolivia (Reptilia, Squamata): checklist, localities, and bibliography. Graellsia 55: 199-215
  • Doan, T. M. & Castoe, T.A. 2003. Using morphological and molecular evidence to infer species boundaries within Proctoporus bolivianus Werner (Squamata: Gymnopthalmidae). Herpetologica 59 (3): 432–449 - get paper here
  • Doan, T.F.; Castoe, T.A. & Arizábal Arriaga, W. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships of the genus Proctoporus sensu stricto (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae), with a new species from Puno, Southeastern Peru. Herpetologica 61 (3): 325-336 - get paper here
  • Doan, T.M. 2003. A south-to-north biogeographic hypothesis for Andean speciation: evidence from the lizard genus Proctoporus (Reptilia, Gymnophthalmidae). Journal of Biogeography 30: 361–374
  • Doan, T.M. & Schargel, W.E. 2003. Bridging the gap in Proctoporus distribution: a new species (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) from the Andes of Venezuela. Herpetologica 59 (1): 68-75 - get paper here
  • Goicoechea, Noemí; José M. Padial, Juan C. Chaparro, Santiago Castroviejo-Fisher, Ignacio De la Riva 2013. Molecular phylogenetics, species diversity, and biogeography of the Andean lizards of the genus Proctoporus (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Volume 65, Issue 3, December 2012, Pages 953–964 - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. and E. Lehr 2004. Comments on Euspondylus and Proctoporus (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) from Peru, with the description of three new species and a key to the Peruvian species. Herpetologica 60 (4):501-518 - get paper here
  • Kwet, A. 2007. Neue Schieneneidechse aus den Anden im Süden Perus. Draco 7 (27): 88 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, Leonhard 1913. Results of the Yale Peruvian Expedition of 1911.—Batrachians and reptiles. Proc. US. Natl. Mus. 45 (1992): 541-547 - get paper here
  • Werner,F. 1910. Über neue oder seltene Reptilien des Naturhistorischen Museums in Hamburg. ii. Eidechsen. Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst., vol. 27 (1909), suppl. no. 2, 1910, pp. 1-46; reprinted: 1910, Mitteil. Naturhist. Mus. Hamburg, vol. 27: 205-) - get paper here
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