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Proctoporus cephalolineatus GARCIA-PEREZ & YUSTIZ, 1995

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Cercosaurinae), Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Common Names 
SynonymProctoporus cephalolineatus GARCIA-PEREZ & YUSTIZ 1995 
DistributionVenezuela (Lara: Cordillera de la Costa de Venezuela, Trinidad Island)  
TypesHolotype: ULABG 3202 
CommentThis species is probably not a Proctoporus because it has prefrontals (DOAN & SCHARGEL 2003 and SCHARGEL, pers. comm.). Instead, it could belong to either Euspondylus or Pholidobolus. The single specimen of P. cephalolineatus could be an aberrant specimen of the geographically close P. inanis, a species from the Andes of Mérida recently described and now in the genus Riama (Doan & Schargel 2003; Doan & Castoe 2005), in which case the name P. cephalolineatus would have priority.

Abundance: only known from the type specimen (Meiri et al. 2017). 
  • Doan, T.M. & Schargel, W.E. 2003. Bridging the gap in Proctoporus distribution: a new species (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) from the Andes of Venezuela. Herpetologica 59 (1): 68-75 - get paper here
  • Garcia-Perez, J.E., and E. E. Yustiz 1995. Una nueva especie de Proctoporus (Sauria: Gymnophthalmidae) de los Andes de Venezuela. Revista de Ecologia Latinoamericana 4:1-5
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
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