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IUCN Red List - Proctoporus kiziriani - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Cercosaurinae), Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Common Names 
Proctoporus bolivianus — GOICOECHEA et al. 2012: 953 
DistributionSE Peru (Cusco)

Type locality: road between Marcapata and Tambopampa, (13°35′00.4′′S/71°02′05.1′′W), Province Quispicanchi, Department of Cusco, Peru, 3500 m elevation. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: MHNC 5366 (field number MNCN 4602) (fig. 7), adult male, collected by Ignacio De la Riva, José Manuel Padial, San- tiago Castroviejo-Fisher, and Juan Carlos Chaparro on 20 February 2006.
Paratypes: MNCN 43670–72 (field numbers MNCN 4603, 4605, 4606) adult males, and MNCN 43673 (field number MNCN 4608) adult female, same data as holotype; MHNC 5680 (field number MNCN 4750) , MNCN 44216 (field number MNCN 4744) , MNCN 44218–19 (field numbers MNCN 4746, 4747) adult males, and MHNC 5682–83 (field numbers MNCN 4751, 4752), MHNC 5685 (field number MNCN 4754), MNCN 44217 (field number MNCN 4745), MNCN 44220–21 (field numbers MNCN 4748, 4749), adult females, from Huancarayo, Marcapata Valley, Province Quispicanchis, Department of Cusco, Peru, 3368 m, collected by Ignacio De la Riva, José Manuel Padial, Santiago Castroviejo-Fisher, and Juan Carlos Chaparro on 31 January 2007. 
CommentDiagnosis: (1) Frontonasal length usually equal to frontal length; (2) nasoloreal suture present; (3) three supraoculars; (4) 3–4 superciliaries, first not expanded onto dorsal surface of head; (5) postoculars two; (6) palpebral disc made up of a single, undivided scale; (7) supralabials anterior to the posteroventral angle of the subocular four; (8) two pairs of genials in contact (9) dorsal body scales quadrangular, slightly keeled; (10) transverse rows of dorsals 35–39 in males and 38–41 in females; (11) transverse ventral rows 22–23 in males and 22–24 in females; (12) a continuous series of small lateral scales separating dorsals from ventrals; (13) posterior cloacal plate made up of six scales in both sexes; (14) anterior preanal plate scales paired; (15) femoral pores per hind limb in males 5–7, absent in females; (16) preanal pores absent; (17) subdigital lamellae on toe IV 16–20; subdigital lamellae on toe V 7–13; (18) limbs not overlapping when adpressed against body in adults; (19) pentadactyl; digits clawed; (20) dorsum brown or pale brown with dorsolateral pale stripes bordered by a discontinuous dark line on neck and body; lateral ocelli usually present in both sexes; ventral surfaces black, with pale stippling.
Specimens of Proctoporus kiziriani show the presence of an undivided palpebral disc, which identifies them as members of the genus Proctoporus, as opposed to Riama and Petracola (Doan and Castoe, 2005; Uzzell, 1970). Proctoporus kiziriani can be distinguished from P. pachyurus by having three supraoculars not fused with superciliaries (four supraoculars in P. pachyurus, first fused with first superciliary) and by having 35–41 transverse dorsal scale rows (47–60 in P. pachyurus); from P. sucullucu by having limbs not overlapping when adpressed, first supraocular not fused with first superciliary (fused in P. sucullucu), and loreal scale not in contact with supralabials (loreal in contact with second and third supralabials in P. sucullucu); from P. bolivianus by having frontonasal length equal to frontal and first supraocular not fused with first superciliary; from P. unsaacae and P. guentheri by not having the first superciliary expanded onto dorsal surface of the head; from Proctoporus carabaya by having first supraocu- lar not fused with first superciliary and by the presence of dorsolateral stripes; from P. iridescens by having four supralabials anterior to the posteroventral angle of the subocular (three in P. iridescens) and two pairs of genials in contact (three pairs in P. iridescens); from P. lacertus by the presence of loreal scales (absent in P. lacertus) and dorsolateral stripes; from P. xestus by the lack of prefrontal scales and having keeled dorsal scales (smooth in P. xestus); and from P. chasqui by the lack of prefrontal scales. 
Etymology“We dedicate this species to our colleague and friend David A. Kizirian (American Museum of Natural History), as a tribute for his outstanding contribution to the knowledge of gymnophthalmid lizard systematics.” 
  • Goicoechea, NoemÍ; José M. Padial, Juan Carlos Chaparro, Santiago Castroviejo-Fisher, and Ignacio De La Riva 2013. A Taxonomic Revision of Proctoporus bolivianus Werner (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) With the Description of Three New Species and Resurrection of Proctoporus lacertus Stejneger. American Museum Novitates (3786): 1-32. - get paper here
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