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Protobothrops flavoviridis (HALLOWELL, 1861)

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
SubspeciesProtobothrops flavoviridis flavoviridis (HALLOWELL 1861)
Protobothrops flavoviridis tinkhami (GLOYD 1955) 
Common NamesE: Habu 
SynonymBothrops flavoviridis HALLOWELL 1861: 492
Trimeresurus riukiuanus HILGENDORF 1880: 118
Trimeresurus riukiuanus — FISCHER 1888: 20
Trimeresurus flavoviridis — BOULENGER 1890: 425
Lachesis flavoviridis — BOULENGER 1896: 550
Trimeresurus flavoviridis — STEJNEGER 1907: 475
Trimeresurus flavoviridis flavoviridis — MAKI 1931: 230
Protobothrops flavoviridis — HOGE & ROMANO-HOGE 1983
Protobothrops flavoviridis — WELCH 1994: 103
Trimeresurus flavoviridis — MCDIARMID et al. 1999
Protobothrops flavoviridis — TU et al. 2000
Protobothrops flavoviridis — GUMPRECHT et al. 2004
Trimeresurus flavoviridis — GORIS & MAEDA 2004: 268
Protobothrops flavoviridis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 572

Protobothrops flavoviridis tinkhami (GLOYD 1955)
Trimeresurus flavoviridis tinkhami GLOYD 1955 
DistributionJapan (Okinawa, Amami)

Type locality: Amakarima Island [=Kerama-Retto Island, adjacent island of Okinawajima Island, Ryukyu Archipelago].  
TypesHolotype: ANSP [no registry number given], according to Leviton (1968:564). Cited as USNM 7512, but thought to be lost fide Stejneger, 1907: 476 (Macomb, April 1855).
Holotype: USNM 137285 [tinkhami] 

Synonymy partly after STEJNEGER 1907. The subspecies tinkhami is not recognized by GUMPRECHT et al. 2004.

Type species: Trimeresurus flavoviridis Hallowell, 1861 is the type species of the genus Protobothrops Hoge and Romano-Hoge, 1983:87.

Distribution: see map in Guo et a. 2016: 383 (Fig. 1).

Key: SUMONTHA et al. 2020 provide a key to the species of Protobothrops and a list of traits for all species. 
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  • Fischer, J. G. 1888. Über zwei von der Liukiu-Insel Okinawa stammende Schlangen. Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 5: 18-22 - get paper here
  • Gloyd, Howard K. 1955. A new crotalid snake from Kume Shima, Riu Kiu Islands. Bulletin of the Chicago Academy of Sciences 10 (8): 123-134
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  • Hilgendorf,F. 1880. Bemerkungen über die von ihm in Japan gesammelten Schlangen nebst Beschreibungen zweier neuer Schlangenarten. Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 1880 (8): 111-121 - get paper here
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