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Protobothrops mangshanensis (ZHAO, 1990)

IUCN Red List - Protobothrops mangshanensis - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesMangshan pitviper, Mt. Mang Pitviper, Mang Mountain Pitviper 
SynonymTrimeresurus mangshanensis ZHAO 1990
Ermia mangshanensis — ZHANG 1993
Ermia mangshanensis — ZHANG 1998
Trimeresurus mangshanensis — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 339
Ermia mangshanensis — GUMPRECHT et al. 2002
Zhaoermia mangshanensis — GUMPRECHT & TILLACK 2004 (nom. nov.)
Zhaoermia mangshanensis — GUMPRECHT et al. 2004
Protobothrops mangshanensis — GUO et al. 2007
Protobothrops mangshanensis — ORLOV et al. 2009
Protobothrops mangshanensis — LIVIGNI 2013: 414 
DistributionChina (Hunan)

Type locality: Mt. Mang (Mangshan), Pingkeng District, Yizhang County, Hunan Province, China, elevation 700-900 m. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: ZS 8901 (considerably damaged and skull removed)
Paratype: ZS 8902
Neotype: CIB 098485 
CommentVenomous!

Nomenclature: The genus Ermia is pre-occupied by a locust genus.

Reproduction: oviparous. 
EtymologyEtymology: named after the type locality. 
References
  • David, Patrick;Tong, Haiyan 1997. Translations of recent descriptions of Chinese pitvipers of the Trimeresurus-complex (Serpentes, Viperidae), with a key to the complex in China and adjacent areas Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (112): 1-31 - get paper here
  • Gumprecht, A.; Boyer, D.M. & Tepedelen, K. 2002. Die Grubenottern der Gattung Trimeresurus (sensu lato) LACÉPÈDE, Teil I: Anmerkungen zur Biologie, Haltung und ANchzucht von Ermia mangshangensis (ZHAO 1990). Sauria 24 (4): 3-11 - get paper here
  • Gumprecht, A.; Tillack, F.; Orlov, N.L.; Captain, A. & Ryabow, S. 2004. Asian pitvipers. Geitje Books, Berlin, 368 pp.
  • Gumprecht, Andreas and Frank Tillack 2004. Proposal for a replacement name of the snake genus Ermia Zhang, 1993. Russ. J. Herpetol. 11(1): 73-76. - get paper here
  • Guo, P., F. J. Zhang, and Y. Y. Chen. 1999. Catalogue of type specimens of reptiles in the Herpetological Collections of Chengdu Institute of Biology, the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Asiatic Herpetological Research 8: 43~47 - get paper here
  • Guo, P.; Jadin, R.C.; Malhotra, A. & Li, C. 2009. An investigation of the cranial evolution of Asian pitvipers (Serpentes: Crotalinae), with comments on the phylogenetic position of Peltopelor macrolepis. Acta Zoologica 91: 402-407
  • Guo, P.; Li, J.; Chen, Y. & Wang, Y. 2012. Designation of a Neotype for Protobothrops mangshanensis (Zhao, 1990). Asian Herpetological Research 3(4): 340–341 - get paper here
  • Laita, Mark 2013. Serpentine. Abrams and PQ Blackwell, Auckland, New Zealand, 200 unnumbered pages
  • LiVigni, F. (ed.) 2013. A Life for Reptiles and Amphibians, Volume 1. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 495 pp. - get paper here
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Orlov, Nikolai L.; Sergei A. Ryabov, and Nguyen Thien Tao 2009. Two New Species of Genera Protobothrops Hoge et Romano-Hoge, 1983 and Viridovipera Malhotra et Thorpe, 2004 (Ophidia: Viperidae: Crotalinae) from Karst Region in Northeastern Vietnam. Part I. Description of a New Species of Protobothrops Genus. Russian Journal of Herpetology 16 (1): 69-82 - get paper here
  • Spranger, Tade Matthias 2012. Haltung und Handel „exotischer” Tiere als Gegenstand des Polizei- und Ordnungsrechts Draco 13 (51): 44-53 - get paper here
  • YANG, JIAN-HUAN; NIKOLAI L. ORLOV & YING-YONG WANG 2011. A new species of pitviper of the genus Protobothrops from China (Squamata: Viperidae) Zootaxa 2936: 59–68 - get paper here
  • Zhang, F.J. 1993. Division of the genus Trimeresurus (sensu lato) based on the morphology of their skulls. In: Zhao, E.M. et al. (eds.) Proc. First Asian herpetology Meeting 1992; Chines Forestry Press (Beijing), Herp. Ser. 4: 48-57
  • Zhang, F.J. 1998. Division of the distinct pit viper of genus Ermia (Serpentes: Viperidae) of China. Russ. J. Herpetol. 5 (1): 83-84. - get paper here
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
  • Zhao,E. in: Zhao E; Chen Y 1990. Description of a new species of the genus Trimeresurus. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 9 (1) : 11-12 - get paper here
 
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