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Psammobates oculifer (KUHL, 1820)

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Higher TaxaTestudinidae, Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles)
Common NamesE: Serrated Tent Tortoise, Kalahari Tent Tortoise, Serrated Tortoise 
SynonymTestudo oculifera KUHL 1820
Testudo semiserrata SMITH 1840
Testudo semi-serrata — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 220
Testudo oculifera — WERNER 1902
Testudo oculifera — WERNER 1910: 301
Psammobates oculifer — PRITCHARD 1967
Psammobates oculifer — AUERBACH 1987: 68
Psammobates oculiferus — KING & BURKE 1989
Psammobates oculifer — BAUER et al. 1993
Psammobates oculiferus — VALVERDE 2005
Psammobates oculiferus — BONIN et al 2006
Psammobates oculifer — BATES et al. 2015: 81
Psammobates oculifer — HOFMEYR et al. 2016
Psammobates oculifer — TTWG 2017: 147
Psammobates oculiferus — SCHLEICHER 2020
Psammobates oculifer — TTWG 2021
Psammobates oculifer — SCHLEICHER 2020 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa (from extreme W Transvaal and the W Orange Free State northwestward), Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe

Type locality: "vom Cap dahin gebracht worden," [i.e. Republic of South Africa].  
TypesHolotype: ZMB 223; destroyed in World War II. 
  • Auerbach, R.D. 1987. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Botswana. Mokwepa Consultants, Botswana, 295 pp.
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Bauer, Aaron M.; Branch, William R. & Haacke, Wulf D. 1993. The herpetofauna of the Kamanjab area and adjacent Damaraland, Namibia. Madoqua (Windhoek) 18 (2): 117-145.
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • BROADLEY, D.G. ,.HUNT, J. & CANTLE, G. 2010. Psammobates oculifer (Kuhl, 1820). African Herp News (51): 24-25 - get paper here
  • CONRADIE, W., DOUCETTE-RIISE, S., VANHOOYDONCK, B., ENGELBRECHT, H., MEASEY, G.J., & TOLLEY, K. 2011. Herpetological survey of Rooipoort Nature Reserve, Northern Cape, South Africa. African Herp News (53): 35-41 - get paper here
  • Cunningham, Peter. 2014. Psammobates oculifer (Kuhl, 1820) Serrated Tent Tortoise. Dormancy. African Herp News (61): 19 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M.C., G. BIBRON & A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 9. Paris, XX + 440 S. - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Greig, J.C., and P.D. Burdett. 1976. Patterns in the distributions of Southern African terrestrial tortoises (Cryptodira: Testudinidae). Zool. Africana 11(2): 250-267.
  • Heaton, Jill S., James O. Juvik and Kiinge Amutenya. 2015. Psammobates oculifer Kuhl, 1820, Serrated Tent Tortoise, Winter Activity. African Herp News (62): 28-29 - get paper here
  • Herrmann, H.-W.; W.R. Branch 2013. Fifty years of herpetological research in the Namib Desert and Namibia with an updated and annotated species checklist. Journal of Arid Environments 93: 94–115 - get paper here
  • Hofmeyr, Margaretha D.; Melita Vamberger, William Branch, Alfred Schleicher and Savel R. Daniels 2016. Tortoise (Reptilia, Testudinidae) radiations in Southern Africa from the Eocene to the present. Zoologica Scripta 46: 389–400, DOI: 10.1111/zsc.12223 [Record online: 18 NOV 2016] - get paper here
  • Hughes, B. 1986. Longevity Records of African Captive Amphibians and Reptiles: Part 1: Introduction and Species List 1 - Amphibians and Chelonians. J. Herp. Assoc. Africa (32): 1-5 - get paper here
  • Keswick, Toby & Margaretha D. Hofmeyr 2013. Population ecology of Psammobates oculifer in a semi-arid environment. African Journal of Herpetology 62 (2): 63-77 - get paper here
  • Keswick, Toby and Margaretha D. Hofmeyr. 2015. Sexual dimorphism and geographic variation in the morphology of a small southern African tortoise Psammobates oculifer. Amphibia-Reptilia 36 (1): 55-64 - get paper here
  • Keswick, Toby and Margaretha Hofmeyr. 2014. Refuge characteristics and preferences of Psammobates oculifer in semi-arid savanna. Amphibia-Reptilia 35 (1): 41-51 - get paper here
  • Kuhl,H. 1820. Beiträge zur Zoologie und vergleichenden Anatomie. Hermannsche Buchhandlung, Frankfurt, 152 pp. - get paper here
  • Loveridge, Arthur & Williams, Ernest E. 1957. Revision of the African Tortoises and Turtles of the Suborder Cryptodira. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 115 (6): 163-557 - get paper here
  • Schleicher, Alfred 2015. Reptilien Namibias. Namibia Scientific  Society, 276 pp.
  • Schleicher, Alfred 2020. Reptiles of Namibia. Kuiseb Publishers, Windhoek, Namibia, 271 pp.
  • Smith,A. 1840. Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa, Reptilia. Smith, Elder, and Co., London - get paper here
  • Tolley KA, Telford NS, Makhubo BG, Power RJ, Alexander GJ 2023. Filling the gap: Noteworthy herpetological discoveries in North West Province, South Africa. Zoosystematics and Evolution 99(1): 101-116 - get paper here
  • TTWG; Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., Bour, R., Fritz, U., Georges, A., Shaffer, H.B., and van Dijk, P.P. 2021. Turtles of the World: Annotated Checklist and Atlas of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status (9th Ed.). In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., van Dijk, P.P., Stanford, C.B., Goode, E.V., Buhlmann, K.A., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Chelonian Research Monographs 8:1–472. doi:10.3854/crm.8.checklist.atlas.v9.2021. - get paper here
  • Valverde, J. 2005. Afrikanische Landschildkröten. Reptilia (Münster) 10 (56): 18-25 - get paper here
  • Valverde, J. 2005. African Tortoises. Reptilia (GB) (43): 12-20 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1902. Über westafrikanische Reptilien. Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien 52: 332-348
  • Werner,F. 1910. Reptilia et Amphibia. In Schultze, L., Zoologische und anthropologische Ergebnisse einer Forschungsreise im westlichen und zentralen Südafrika. Band IV, Systematik und Tiergeographie Vertebrata B. Denkschr. Med.-Nat. Wiss. GeselI. Jena 16: 279-370 [1910] - get paper here
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