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Pseudechis australis (GRAY, 1842)

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: King brown or mulga snake
G: Mulgaschlange 
SynonymNaja australis GRAY 1842: 55
Pseudechis darwiniensis MACLEAY 1878: 220
Pseudechis cupreus BOULENGER 1896: 329 (part.)
Pseudechis darwiniensis — BOULENGER 1896
Pseudechis denisonioides WERNER 1909: 258
Pseudechis australis — DE ROOIJ 1917: 268
Pseudechis platycephalus THOMSON 1933: 859
Denisonia brunnea MITCHELL 1951: 551
Pseudechis australis — WELCH 1994: 103
Pailsus rossignolii HOSER 2000 (fide WÜSTER et al. 2001)
Pseudechis australis — COGGER 2000: 664
Cannia australis aplini HOSER 2001
Cannia australis burgessi HOSER 2001
Cannia australis newmani HOSER 2001
Pseudechis rossignolii — WÜSTER et al. 2004
Pseudechis australis — MATTISON 2007: 261 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia)

Type locality: Port Essington, N.T., Australia Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.20.39
Holotype: AM R31927, from Port Darwin, N. T. [Pseudechis darwiniensis].
Holotype: none; description based on literature records (see also under Pseudonaja textilis Duméril, Bibron and Duméril, 1854), from "Murray River", N. S. W. /Vic. [Pseudechis cupreus].
Holotype: not found, from Eradu, W. A. [Pseudechis denisonioides].
Holotype: NMV D12355, from East Alligator River, Arnhem Land, N. T. [Pseudechis platycephalus].
Holotype: SAMA R3151, from Mount Wedge, near Elliston on the W coast of Eyre Peninsula, S. A. [Denisonia brunnea]. 
CommentSynonymy partly after COGGER 1983. Wüster et al. (2004) consider Pailsus rossignolii and Pseudechis weigeli as a valid species based on DNA sequence divergence. However, further studies are required to confirm their species status. KAISER et al. rejected all names coined by HOSER in or after 2000.

Reproduction: oviparous.

Venomous! 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger,H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • de Rooij, N. DE 1917. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Il. Ophidia. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 334 S.
  • Even,Eddy 2005. Reptielen zoeken in Australië. Lacerta 63 (2): 48-65 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1842. Description of some hitherto unrecorded species of Australian reptiles and batrachians. Zoological Miscellany 51—57 (London: Treuttel, Würtz & Co) - get paper here
  • Hoser, R. 2001. A current assessment of the status of the snakes of the genera Cannia and Pailsus, including descriptions of three new subspecies from the Northern Territory and Western Australia, Australia. Boydii: Journal of the Herpetological Society of Queensland (July 2001): 26-60 - get paper here
  • Hoser, Raymond 2000. A New Species of Snake (Serpentes: Elapidae) from Irian Jaya. Litteratura Serpentium 20(6):178-186 - get paper here
  • Kaiser, H.; Crother, B.I.; Kelly, C.M.R.; Luiselli, L.; O’Shea, M.; Ota, H.; Passos, P.; Schleip, W. 2013. Best Practices: In the 21st Century, Taxonomic Decisions in Herpetology are Acceptable Only When Supported by a Body of Evidence and Published via Peer-Review. Herpetological Review 44 (1): 8-23
  • Kinghorn, J. Roy 1924. Reptiles and batrachians from south and south-west Australia Rec. Austral. Mus. 14 (3): 163-183
  • Kuch, Ulrich; J. Scott Keogh; John Weigel;<br />Laurie A. Smith & Dietrich Mebs 2005. Phylogeography of Australia s king brown snake (Pseudechis australis) reveals Pliocene divergence and Pleistocene dispersal of a top predator. Naturwissenschaften 92:121–127
  • Mackay, R. D. 1955. A revision of the genus Pseudechis. Proc. R. Zool. Soc. N. S. W. 1953-54: 15-23
  • Macleay, W. 1878. Notes on a collection of snakes from Port Darwin. Proc. Linn, Soc. NS. W. 2: 219-222
  • Maryan, Brad 1997. Is "King Brown Snake" and appropriate common name for Pseudechis australis? Herpetofauna (Sydney) 27 (2): 20-22
  • Mattison, Chris 2007. The New Encyclopedia of Snakes. Princeton University Press
  • McDonald, Peter J.; Luck, Gary W. 2013. Density of an environmental weed predicts the occurrence of the king brown snake (Pseudechis australis) in central Australia The Herpetological Journal 23 (3): 161-165 - get paper here
  • Mitchell, F. J. 1951. The South Australian Reptile Fauna. Part. 1. Ophidia. Rec. South Austral. Mus. 9: 545—557. - get paper here
  • O'Shea,M. 1996. A Guide to the Snakes of Papua New Guinea. Independent Publishing, Port Moresby, xii + 239 pp. - get paper here
  • Smith L A 1982. Variation in Pseudechis australis (Serpentes: Elapidae) in Western Australia and description of a new species of Pseudechis. Rec. West. Austr. Mus. 10 (1): 35-45 - get paper here
  • Somaweera, R. 2009. Snakes of Darwin. Poster, University of Sydney
  • Thomson, D. F. 1933. Notes on the Australian snakes of the genera Pseudechis and Oxyuranus. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1933: 855-860
  • Werner, F. 1909. Reptilia exkl. Geckonidae und Scincidae. In: Michaelsen, W., and R. Hartmeyer. Die Fauna Südwest-Australiens. Vol. 2., pp. 263-270. G. Fischer, Wien.
  • Wilson,S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
  • Wüster, W., B. Bush, J. S. Keogh, M. O'Shea, and R. Shine 2001. Taxonomic contributions in the "amateur" literature: comments on recent descriptions of new genera and species by Raymond Hoser. Litteratura Serpentium 21:67-91 - get paper here
  • Wüster, Wolfgang; Alex J. Dumbrell; Chris Hay; Catharine E. Pook; David J. Williams and Bryan Grieg 2004. Snakes across the Strait: trans-Torresian phylogeographic relationships in three genera of Australasian snakes (Serpentes: Elapidae: Acanthophis, Oxyuranus, and Pseudechis). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 33 (3): 1-14 - get paper here
 
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