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Pseudemoia spenceri (LUCAS & FROST, 1894)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae (Eugongylini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Trunk-climbing Cool-skink 
SynonymLygosoma (Emoa) spenceri LUCAS & FROST 1894: 81
Lygosoma (Liolepisma) weekesae KINGHORN 1929: 32
Ablepharus spenceri — SMITH 1937
Peudemoia spenceri — FUHN 1967
Leiolopisma spenceri — GREER 1974
Pseudemoia spenceri — COGGER 1983: 183
Pseudemoia spenceri — HUTCHINSON et al. 1990
Pseudemoia spenceri — HUTCHINSON & DONNELLAN 1992
Pseudemoia spenceri — COGGER 2000: 569
Pseudemoia spenceri — WILSON & SWAN 2010 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Victoria)

Type locality: Brandy Creek, Victoria (original description cites Brandy Creek and Dandenong Ranges, Victoria).  
TypesLectotype: NMV D1824 (formerly 56193), designated by Coventry (1970).
Holotype: AMS R9745, from Mt. Kosciusko, 5, 500 ft, N. S. W. [weekesae] 
DiagnosisOriginal description. “Head and body slightly depressed. Limbs well developed, pentadactyle. The distance between the end of the snout and the fore limb is contained once and one-third in the distance between axilla and groin. Snout obtusely pointed. Ear-opening about midway between the end of the snout and the fore-limb; eye about midway between the ear-opening and the tip of the snout. Lower eyelid with a very large transparent disk, nearly as large as the eye. Nostril pierced in a small nasal. Supranasals narrow, widely separated by the frontonasal; a narrow postnasal often fused with the supranasal; frontonasal much broader than long, forming a suture with the rostral and with the frontal; prefrontals well developed; frontal slightly longer than the frontoparietals, in contact with the first and second supraoculars; four supraoculars, second much the largest ; seven supraciliaries; frontoparietals and interparietal distinct ; parietals forming a suture behind the interparietal; a pair of nuchals and a pair of temporals border the parietals ; seventh upper labial largest and entering the orbit. Ear-opening oval, oblique, smaller than the transparent palpebral disk, with three or four small lobules anteriorly. Forty-two to forty-four smooth scales round the middle of the body, dorsals largest, especially the two vertebral series, laterals smallest. A marginal row of slightly enlarged preanals. The adpressed limbs slightly over lap. Digits moderate, slightly compressed; subdigital lamellæ smooth, about twenty-two under the fourth toe. Tail slightly longer than head and body.

Colour. Dark-brown above with pale greenish-white markings of which the most constant is a dorsolateral band commencing above the eye and lost on the tail usually with regular longitudinal series of light spots; sides blackish-brown light dotted, a narrow longitudinal line of the above pale colour extending from the ear above the fore-limb to the groin. Lower surfaces bluish-green.” (LUCAS & FROST 1894) 
CommentType species: Lygosoma (Emoa) spenceri LUCAS & FROST 1894: 81 is the type species of the genus Pseudemoia FUHN 1967. 
EtymologyNamed after Sir WaIter Baldwin Spencer (1860-1929), an explorer, biologist, anthropologist, zoologist, and patron of the arts. He went to Australia to become the first Professor of Biology, University of Melbourne (1887-1919), and Director of the Natural History Museum, Melbourne. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Biazik, Joanna M.; Michael B. Thompson, and Christopher R. Murphy 2010. Paracellular and transcellular transport across the squamate uterine epithelium. Herp. Cons. Biol. 5 (2) - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Coventry, A. J. 1970. Reptile and amphibian type specimens housed in the National Museum of Victoria. Mem. Natl. Mus. Vic. 31: 115-124. - get paper here
  • Fuhn, I. E. 1967. Pseudemoia, eine neue monotypische Gattung aus Südostaustralien (Ablepharus/Emoa/spenceri Lucas and Frost, 1894). Zool. Anz. 179: 243-247
  • Greer, A.E. 1974. The generic relationships of the scincid lizard genus Leiolopisma and its relatives. Australian Journal of Zoology 31: 1-67. - get paper here
  • Greer, Allen E. 1982. A new species of Leiolopisma (Lacertilia: Scincidae) from Western Australia. Rec. Austral. Mus. 34 (12): 549-573 - get paper here
  • Herbert, Jacquie F.; Christopher R. Murphy, and Michael B. Thompson 2010. Calcium ATPase localization in the uterus of two species of Pseudemoia (Lacertilia: Scincidae) with complex placentae. Herp. Cons. Biol. 5 (2) - get paper here
  • Hutchinson M N. DONNELLAN S C. 1992. Taxonomy and genetic variation in the Australian lizards of the genus Pseudemoia (Scincidae Lygosominae). Journal of Natural History 26 (1): 215-264. - get paper here
  • Hutchinson M N; Donnellan S C; Baverstock P R; Krieg M; Simms S; Burgin S 1990. Immunological relationships and generic revision of the Australian lizards assigned to the genus Leiolopisma (Scincidae: Lygosominae). Australian Journal of Zoology 38 (5): 535-554 - get paper here
  • Hutchinson, M.N. 1979. The reptiles of Kinglake National Park. Victorian Naturalist 96: 124-134 - get paper here
  • Kinghorn, J. R. 1929. A new species of Lygosoma from New South Wales. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 54: 32-33 - get paper here
  • Lucas, A. H. S. & Frost, C. 1894. The lizards indigenous to Victoria. Proc. R. Soc. Vict. (ns) 6: 24-92 - get paper here
  • Rawlinson,P.A. 1974. Revision of the endemic southeastern Australian lizard genus Pseudemoia (Scincidae: Lygosominae). Mem. Natl. Mus. Victoria 35: 87-96 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Stewart, James R. and Tom W. Ecay 2010. Patterns of maternal provision and embryonic mobilization of calcium in oviparous and viviparous squamate reptiles. Herp. Cons. Biol. 5 (2) - get paper here
  • Swan, G.; Sadlier, R.; Shea, G. 2017. A field guide to reptiles of New South Wales. Reed New Holland, 328 pp.
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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