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Pseudoboa nigra (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBlack False Boa 
SynonymScytale neuwiedii var. nigrum DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 1002
Pseudoboa albomaculata MELLO 1926: 129
Pseudoboa albimaculata MELLO 1926 (fide PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA)
Pseudoboa nigra — BAILEY 1962
Pseudoboa nigra — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 254
Scytale neuwiedii var. nigrum STIMPSON 1974
Pseudoboa nigra — CEI 1993
Pseudoboa nigra — ZAHER et al. 2008
Pseudoboa nigra — WALLACH et al. 2014: 599 
DistributionBolivia, Argentina ? (Misiones, Corrientes), Brazil (Paraná [HR 27: 216], Rondonia, Rio de Janeiro, Pará, Goias, Alagoas, Bahia, Céara, Maranhão, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul, Piaui, Rio Grande do Norte, São Paulo, Tocantins, Espírito Santo, Pernambuco, Paraíba), Paraguay

Type locality: "Bahia," [Brazil].  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MNHN 3781 (Lemelle-Deville). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: see Cunha & Nascimenta 1983: 25 (in Portuguese)  
CommentSynonymy after CEI 1993. Not in Argentina according to  GIRAUDO & SCROCCHI 2002.

Description: there are completely black and black and white color morphs (see Paula Orofino et al. 2010 for photos).

ZAHER et al. (2008) nicely illustrate the ontogenetic shift of color patterns in this species. 
Etymology 
References
  • Alcantara, Edna P., Cristiana F. Silva, Robson W. Ávila and Waltécio O. Almeida. 2014. Pseudoboa nigra (black false boa) endoparasites. Herpetological Review 45 (2): 343
  • Alexia, Eisfeld, Davor Vrcibradic and Carlos Frederico D. Rocha. 2014. Pseudoboa nigra diet. Herpetological Review 45 (4): 712
  • Bailey, Joseph R. 1962. Lystrophis Cope, 1885 (Reptilia): Proposed validation under the plenary powers. z.n.(s.) 1484. Bull. zool. Nomenclature 19 (3): 164-169 - get paper here
  • BERNARDE, P.S., ALBUQUERQUE, S., BARROS, T.O. & TURCI, L.C.B. 2012. Serpentes do Estado de Rondônia, Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 12(3): 1-29 - get paper here
  • BERNARDE, P.S., ALBUQUERQUE, S., BARROS, T.O. & TURCI, L.C.B. 2012. Snakes of Rondônia State, Brazil. Biota Neotrop. 12(3): - get paper here
  • Cacciali, Pier; Norman J. Scott, Aida Luz Aquino Ortíz, Lee A. Fitzgerald, and Paul Smith 2016. The Reptiles of Paraguay: Literature, Distribution, and an Annotated Taxonomic Checklist SPECIAL PUBLICATION OF THE MUSEUM OF SOUTHWESTERN BIOLOGY, NUMBER 11: 1–373 - get paper here
  • Castro, T.M. & Teixeira, R.L. 2007. Straßenverkehr als Bedrohung für die Amphibien und Reptilien des Atlantischen Regenwalds in Südost-Brasilien. Eine Fallstudie. Sauria 29 (2): 35-42 - get paper here
  • Cavalcanti, L.B.Q.; T.B. Costa; G.R. Colli; G.C. Costa; F.G.R. França; D.O. Mesquita; C.K.S. Palmeira; N. Pelegrin; A.H.B. Soares; D.B. Tucker; A.A. Garda 2014. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga II: Serra da Capivara National Park, Piauí, Brazil. Check List 10 (1): 18-27 - get paper here
  • Cei, J. M. 1993. Reptiles del noroeste, nordeste y este de la Argentina. Museo Regionale Sci. Naturale Torino, Monografie 14: 1-949
  • Costa de Noronha, Janaina da; Ana Bárbara Barros, Robson Moreira de Miranda, Everton José Almeida and Domingos de Jesus Rodrigues 2013. Record of leucism in Pseudoboa nigra (Serpents: Dipsadidae) in southern Amazon, Brazil. Herpetology Notes 6: 81-82 - get paper here
  • Cunha, O.R. da and Nascimento, F.P. 1983. Ofidios da Amazonia. XIX. As expécies de Oxyrhopus Wagler, com uma subespécie nova, e Pseudoboa Schneider, na Amaônia orientale e Maranhão (Ophidia: Colubridae). Bol. Mus. Paraense Emilio Goeldi, zool. 112: 42 pp.
  • Duméril, A. M. C., Bibron, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • Franca, F.G.R.; Daniel O. Mesquita, Cristiano C. Nogueira, and Alexandre F. B. Araújo 2008. Phylogeny and Ecology Determine Morphological Structure in a Snake Assemblage in the Central Brazilian Cerrado. Copeia 2008 (1): 23-38 - get paper here
  • Franca, F.G.R.; Mesquita, Daniel Oliveira and Guarino Rinaldi Colli 2006. A CHECKLIST OF SNAKES FROM AMAZONIAN SAVANNAS IN BRAZIL, HOUSED IN THE COLEÇÃO HERPETOLÓGICA DA UNIVERSIDADE DE BRASÍLIA, WITH NEW DISTRIBUTION RECORDS. Occ. Pap. Oklahoma Mus. Nat. Hist., Univ. Oklahoma 17: 1-13
  • Freitas, M.A.; D. Veríssimo; V. Uhlig. 2012. Squamate Reptiles of the central Chapada Diamantina, with a focus on the municipality of Mucugê, state of Bahia, Brazil. Check List 8(1):16-22 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Guarino R. Colli, Omar Machado Entiauspe-Neto, Luiz Trinchão, Daniel Araújo, Tiago de Oliveira Lima, Daniella Pereira Fagundes de França, Renato Gaiga, Pedro Dias 2016. Snakes of Cerrado localities in western Bahia, Brazil. Check List 12 (3): 1896 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antônio; Omar Machado Entiauspe-Neto, Tiago de Oliveira Lima, José Soares da Silva Neto, Daniel Araujo & Jonathan Márcio Soares da Silva 2016. Snakes of Juazeiro, Bahia, Middle of São Francisco River, Brazil. Bol. Mus. Biol. Mello Leitão (N. Sér.) 38(4): 331-345.
  • Giraudo, A. R., and G. J. Scrocchi 2002. Argentinian Snakes: An Annotated Checklist. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (132): 1-53 - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • Hamdan, Breno 2012. Zerstören für den Aufschwung: Ist es das wirklich wert? Fallstudie aus Brasilien. Terraria-Elaphe 2012 (1): 46-49 - get paper here
  • Linares, Antônio Meira and Paula Cabral Eterovick 2013. Herpetofaunal Surveys Support Successful Reconciliation Ecology in Secondary and Human-Modified Habitats at the Inhotim Institute, Southeastern Brazil. Herpetologica 69 (2): 237-256. - get paper here
  • Madella-Auricchio, Cláudia Renata; Paulo Auricchio Enio Saraiva Soares 2017. Reptile species composition in the Middle Gurguéia and comparison with inventories in the eastern Parnaíba River Basin, State of Piauí, Brazil Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia 57(28): 375-386,
  • Medeiros-Magalhães, Felipe de; Daniel Orsi Laranjeiras, Taís Borges Costa, Flora Acuña Juncá, Daniel Oliveira Mesquita, David Lucas Röhr, Willianilson Pessoa da Silva, Gustavo Henrique Calazans Vieira, Adrian Antonio Garda 2015. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga IV: Chapada Diamantina National Park, Bahia, Brazil Herpetology Notes 8: 243-261 - get paper here
  • Mello 1926. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz 19: 128, 129 - get paper here
  • Mesquita, Daniel Oliveira; Brygida Alves, Carmem Pedro, Daniel Laranjeiras, Francis Caldas, Isabella Pedrosa, Jefter Rodrigues, Leandro Drummond, Lucas Cavalcanti, Milena Wachlevski, Paulo Nogueira-Costa, Rafaela França, Frederico França 2018. Herpetofauna in two habitat types (tabuleiros and Stational Semidecidual Forest) in the Reserva Biológica Guaribas, northeastern Brazil Herpetology Notes 11: 455-474 - get paper here
  • Paula Orofino, Renata de; Lígia Pizzatto and Otavio A. V. Marques 2010. Reproductive biology and food habits of Pseudoboa nigra (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) from the Brazilian cerrado. Phyllomedusa 9 (1): 53-62 - get paper here
  • Ribeiro, S. C., I. J. Roberto, D. L. Sales, R. W. Ávila & W. O. Almeida 2012. Amphibians and reptiles from the Araripe bioregion, northeastern Brazil. Salamandra 48 (3): 133-146 - get paper here
  • Roberto, Igor Joventino; Cícero Ricardo de Oliveira, João Antonio de Araújo Filho, Herivelto Faustino de Oliveira, Robson Waldemar Ávila 2017. The herpetofauna of the Serra do Urubu mountain range: a key biodiversity area for conservation in the brazilian atlantic forest Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia 57 (27): 347-373 - get paper here
  • ROCHA, CARLOS FREDERICO D.; HELENA G.BERGALLO, JOSÉ P. POMBAL JR., LENA GEISE, MONIQUE VAN SLUYS, RONALDO FERNANDES, ULISSES CARAMASCHI 2004. FAUNA DE ANFÍBIOS, RÉPTEIS E MAMÍFEROS DO ESTADO DO RIO DE JANEIRO, SUDESTE DO BRASIL Publ. Avul. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro (104): 3-23 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, Jefter B., Rafaela C. Franca, Ivan L. R. Sampaio and Frederico G. R. Franca. 2016. Pseudoboa nigra (Black False Boa) Foraging behavior. Herpetological Review 47 (1): 152-153
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  • Silva-Soares, T.; R.B. Ferreira; R.O.L. Salles; C.F.D. Rocha. 2011. Continental, insular and coastal marine reptiles from the municipality of Vitória, state of Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil. Check List 7 (3): 290-298 - get paper here
  • Smith, H. M.; Gloyd, H. K. 1964. Nomenclatural notes on the snake names Scytale, Boa scytale, and Agkistrodon mokasen. Herpetologica 19 (4): 280-282 - get paper here
  • Stimpson 1974. Bull. zool. Nomenclature 31 (4): 247 - get paper here
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  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zaher, H.; Oliveira, M.E. & Franco, F.L. 2008. A new, brightly colored species of Pseudoboa Schneider, 1801 from the Amazon Basin (Serpentes, Xenodontinae). Zootaxa 1674: 27-37 - get paper here
 
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